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Salina Basin Stratigraphy and Structure

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Structural Development





Precambrian rocks

Rocks of Late Cambrian and Early Ordovician age

Arbuckle Group

Rocks of Late Cambrian Age

Lamotte (Reagan) sandstone

Bonneterre dolomite

Eminence dolomite

Rocks of Early Ordovician age

Gasconade dolomite

Roubidoux formation

Jefferson City and Cotter dolomites

St. Peter sandstone (Simpson group)

Rocks of Middle and Late Ordovician age

Platteville formation (Simpson group)

Viola (Kimmswick) limestone and dolomite

Maquoketa shale

Rocks of Silurian age

Rocks of Devonian age

Lower zone

Upper zone

Distribution of Devonian rocks

Rocks of Devonian or Mississippian age

Chattanooga shale

McPherson valley

Chattanooga limestone lentil

Boice shale

Rocks of Mississippian age

Kinderhookian Series

Sedalia dolomite

Gilmore City limestone

Osagian Series

St. Joe limestone

Reeds Spring limestone

Burlington and Keokuk limestone

Lower zone

Upper zone

Meramecian Series

"Warsaw" limestone

Spergen limestone

Rocks of Pennsylvanian age

Desmoinesian Series

Cherokee group

Marmaton group

Missourian Series

Pleasanton group

Kansas City and Lansing groups

Kansas City group

Intercyclical erosion

Lansing group

Pedee group

Virgilian Series

Douglas group

Shawnee group

Wabaunsee group

Rocks of Permian age

Wolfcampian Series

Admire group

Council Grove group

Chase group

Leonardian Series

Sumner group

Wellington formation

Salt flow

Ninnescah shale

Stone Corral dolomite

Nippewalla group

Rocks of Cretaceous age

Comanchean Series

Gulfian Series

Colorado group

Rocks of Tertiary and Quaternary age

Structural Development of the Salina Basin

Pre-Simpson folding

Development of North Kansas basin

Deformation of rocks of Simpson age

Deformation of Viola-Maquoketa sequence

Deformation of Silurian rocks

Over-all deformation between Arbuckle and Devonian rocks

Deformation of Devonian rocks

Deformation of Chattanooga and Boice shales

Over-all deformation between base of Simpson and top of Chattanooga

Development of Nemaha Anticline and Salina Basin

Deformation during Mississippian time

Deformation at the end of Mississippian time


Deformation during Pennsylvanian and Permian time

Deformation between top of Pennsylvanian Basal Conglomerate and base of Kansas City Group

Deformation between base of Kansas City and top of Shawnee Group. (Top of Topeka limestone)

Deformation between Topeka limestone and Barneston limestone

Deformation between Barneston limestone and Stone Corral dolomite

Relation of Pennsylvanian and early Permian deformation in Kansas to Ouachita basin

Late Permian deformation

Post-Permian deformation

Post-Cretaceous deformation

Relation of structural development of the region to accumulation of oil and gas



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Kansas Geological Survey, Geology
Placed on web Jan. 5, 2017; originally published Dec. 1956.
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