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Geology

  Finney and Gray county Geohydrology

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Start

Table of Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Geology

Geologic History

Ground Water

Utilization

Quality of Water

Geologic Formations

Records of Typical Wells

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

Logs of Test Holes and Wells

On the following pages are listed the logs of 59 wells and test holes in Finney and Gray counties, one test hole (1) in Scott County, one test hole (12) in Kearny County, and two test holes (28 and 29) in Ford County. Logs 1 to 29 are of test holes drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys (fig. 7). Logs 30 to 60 include logs of test holes drilled by other agencies and well drillers, logs of water wells (pls. 3 and 4), and partial logs of oil tests. Lithologic terms used in the driller's logs have been retained. The term "gyp" has been used by many drillers to describe the harder lime-cemented beds in the Ogallala formation and undifferentiated Pleistocene beds. "Quicksand" and "pack sand" have been used by some drillers to describe loose fine sand, and "sand rock" has been used to describe sandstone. Many of the softer unconsolidated beds of the Ogallala formation and Pleistocene deposits have been logged as clay, but in those wells from which cuttings are available for study most of the so-called clay was found to be silt. Because of lack of detail in the driller's logs of oil tests, no attempt was made to correlate these logs (58-60).

Wells 1-12 || Wells 13-24 || Wells 25-36 || Wells 37-48 || Wells 49-60

49. Log of well of L.L. Jones in the NE 1/4 sec. 11, T. 24 S., R. 34 W. (Authority, L.M. Waddell, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil1010
Sand and gravel3545
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits and Ogallala formation
Clay853
Sand, medium2982
Clay1193
Gravel295
Clay8103
Gravel2105
Clay2107
Gravel1108
Clay2110
Gravel9119
Clay6125
Gravel23148
Clay19167
Gravel13180
Clay5185
Gravel25210
Rock and gravel11221

50. Log of water well at the SE corner sec. 1, T. 26 S., R. 33 W. (Authority, R. McGraw, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits
Clay, sandy3030
Gravel, coarse939
"Gyp" and sand2261
Sand, fine to medium, and silt1475

51. Log of test hole of M.L. McGehee in the SW 1/4 NW 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 21, T. 25 S., R. 30 W. Battery of four wells (439) finished at 34 feet. (Authority, Ray Stevenson, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Loam, silty; and clay, sandy1010
Sand212
Gravel1123
Sand and gravel528
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits and Ogallala formation
Clay, lime, and some sand533
Clay, reddish-yellow336
Sand, fine, and clay541
Sand, fine; cemented with lime344
Lime, clay, and gravel347
Sand and lime, interbedded350
Sand, fine1060
Clay, yellow767
Gravel5.572.5
Clay1587.5
Sand and gravel14.5102
Lime and gravel2104
Clay, yellow53157

52. Log of well (500) of R.C. Houser in the NE 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 24, T. 28 S., R. 27 W. Surface altitude, 2,755.4 feet. (Authority, G. Slocum, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits and Ogallala formation
Sand and clay225225
Dakota formation
Shale, blue-black or gray; contains pyrite165390
Shale, blue-black, sticky, waxy18408
Sandstone, water-bearing; water rose 200 feet13421

53. Log of test hole of Frank Patterson in the NW 1/4 SW 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 35, T. 28 S., R. 30 W. (Authority, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits and Ogallala formation
Loam, sandy, clayey1212
Clay, sandy, red1325
Clay, yellowish3459
Clay, blue; contains some shell fragments1069
Clay, blue; contains streaks of black humus1180
Clay, sandy, red1797
Gravel, coarse6103
Clay, sandy, red3106
Rock, shaly0.5106.5
Clay, sandy, red7113.5
Sand, calcareous, cemented1.5115
Clay, sandy25140
Sand and gravel4144
Clay, sandy2146
Clay and gravel, alternating7153
Gravel, contains streaks of clay13166
Clay, sandy3169
Clay; encountered thin hard rock at 170 feet4173
Gravel and sand, clean10183
Clay1184
Gravel; contains sandy clay streaks6190
Clay, sandy5195
Gravel16211
Clay and gravel; sandy4215
Sand and gravel; contains thin rock layers8223
Clay3226
Gravel; contains some clay29255

54. Log of unused well in the SW 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 8, T. 29 S., R. 27 W. (Authority, G. Slocum, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits
Sail, clay, and sand5050
Cretaceous
Shale, blue-black, containing pyrite crystals225275
Sandstone, loose, water bearing16291

55. Log of well (526) of H. Flair in the NE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 4, T. 29 S., R. 28 W. Surface altitude, 2,773.8 feet. (Authority, G. Slocum, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits
Clay with little sand140140
Cretaceous
Shale, blue-black140280
Sandstone, hard; contains very little water12292
Shale, blue-black59351
Sandstone, water bearing; water rose more than 200 feet in well14365

56. Log of test hole of E. Lupton in the NW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec. 12, T. 29 8., R. 29 W. Well (534) finished at 138 feet. (Authority, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits and Ogallala formation
Soil 77
Clay, red5.512.5
Clay, limy, yellow-red11.524
Clay, yellow and red2347
Clay, sandy956
Sand, lime-cemented258
Clay1977
Clay, sandy279
Clay and gravel; mixed10.589.5
Gravel10.5100
Lime, soft1101
Clay, sandy, white9110
Lime1111
Sand and gravel7118
Lime0.5118.5
Gravel4.5123
Lime and clay1124
Gravel4128
Gravel and clay3131
Clay, light-colored10141
Clay, yellow20161
Clay and "shale"11172
Clay, yellow13185

57. Partial log of oil test of the Garden City Oil and Gas Company in the SE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 35, T. 21 S., R. 30 W. Surface altitude, 2,873 (?) feet. (Authority, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Soil1212
Lime, hard416
Lime, white, soft5470
Lime, soft2696
Shale199295
Lime23318
Shale22340
Lime56396
Shale58454
Lime6460
Shale55515
Sand, water12527
Shale23550
Sand15565
Shale19584
Sand14598
Shale, white20618
Sand, white26644
Shale, black10654
Sand13667

58. Log of oil test well of the National Refining Company in the SW 1/4 sec. 13, T. 23 S., R. 30 W., Finney County. (Authority, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Limestone9090
Shale115205
Shale, brown195400
Limestone50450
Shale, brown50500
Shale80580
Sandstone, water-bearing100680
Shale90770
Shale, sandy15785
Shale20805
Sandstone5810
Shale10820
Redbeds5825
Sandstone and sandy shale135960
Shale25985
Limestone10995
Shale1151,110
Limestone21,112
Shale, variegated151,127
Redbeds (top of Permian)281,155
Sandstone, red301,185
Shale and sandstone, red1951,380
Gypsum and redbeds201,400
Limestone151,415
Redbeds551,470
Sandstone2151,685
Shale, red151,700
Sandstone, red201,720
Shale, red1601,880
Anhydrite31,883
Shale, red821,965
Sandstone452,010
Anhydrite252,035
Sandstone, red52,040
Anhydrite102,050
Shale3502,400
Anhydrite552,455
Salt202,475
Shale102,485
Salt102,495
Anhydrite102,505
Salt352,540
Shale, sandy402,580
Gypsum402,620
Shale202,640
Anhydrite202,660
Shale, sandy152,675
Limestone1002,775
Shale, red202,795
Limestone1702,965
Shale, red102,975
Limestone753,050
Shale, red53,055
Limestone1603,215
Shale, red53,220
Limestone2303,450
Shale, red53,455
Shale and limestone503,505
Limestone, shale, and shells553,560
Limestone1003,660
Shale53,665
Limestone903,755
Sandy limestone303,785
Limestone103,795
Shale103,805
Limestone753,880
Shale103,890
Limestone553,945
Shale303,975
Shale, red53,980
Sand and limestone103,990
Shale104,000
Limestone and shale2354,235
Shells454,280
Shale204,300
Limestone54,305
Sandstone304,335
Shale154,350
Limestone104,360
Shale54,365
Limestone254,390
Shale, red and brown104,400
Limestone and shale804,480
Shale, black and red704,550
Limestone and shale1304,680
Limestone454,725
Sandy limestone204,745
Limestone2204,965
Shale54,970
Limestone705,040
Shale55,045
Limestone205,065
Sandy limestone105,075
Shale155,090
Limestone; contains thin shale beds6705,760
Shale305,790
Limestone825,872

59. Partial log of gas test well of the L.F. Meyers Company at the center of the SW 1/4 sec. 16, T. 25 S., R. 34 W. (Authority, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits and Ogallala formation
Sand and gravel150150
Clay, yellow10160
Gravel20180
Sand and gravel305485
Lime3488
Cretaceous (?) beds
Shale, blue66554
Lime, hard46600
Sand, hard80680
Shale, sand, and gyp shells78758
Shale, blue, and gyp42800
Permian(?) beds
Shale, red50850
Shale, red, sandy135985

60. Log of oil test well of Champlin Refining Company in the NE 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 34, T. 28 S., R. 29 W., Gray County. (Authority, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Undifferentiated Pleistocene deposits and Ogallala formation
Surface sand5050
Clay, sandy100150
Pre-Tertiary beds
Limestone15165
Shale, calcareous150315
Sand and shale410725
Redbeds3181,043
Gypsum101,053
Redbeds201,073
Gypsum671,140
Shale151,155
Redbeds and shale3001,455
Red shale and sand2201,675
Redbeds and lime shells451,720
Anhydrite151,735
Limy shale451,780
Anhydrite601,840
Anhydrite and shale1652,005
Shale and gypsum702,075
Shale202,095
Anhydrite302,125
Shale and anhydrite652,190
Shale and gypsum302,220
Shale and limestone2802,500
Shale and gypsum752,575
Shale and anhydrite652,640
Limestone and dolomite452,685
Anhydrite102,695
Dolomite452,740
Shale1352,875
Shale and sandy limestone752,950
Brown limestone553,005
Shale2153,220
Brown limestone553,275
Sandstone73,282
Brown sandy limestone183,300
Shale853,385
Brown limestone503,435
Shale453,480
Sandy limestone153,495
Brown limestone503,545
Shale7754,320
Limestone404,360
Shale1304,490
Limestone1304,620
Shale254,645
Limestone304,675
Shale2304,905
Limestone104,915
Shale154,930
Limestone1755,105
Shale205,125
Limestone4555,580
Cherty limestone105,590
Limestone3105,900
Sand and limestone555,955
Limestone205,975
Cherty limestone256,000
Limestone3556,355
Sandstone and limestone656,420
Limestone856,505

Wells 1-12 || Wells 13-24 || Wells 25-36 || Wells 37-48 || Wells 49-60

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Finney and Gray County Geohydrology
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version April 2002. Original publication date Dec. 1944.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Finney/11_logs5.html