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Geology

  Finney and Gray county Geohydrology

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Table of Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Geology

Geologic History

Ground Water

Utilization

Quality of Water

Geologic Formations

Records of Typical Wells

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

References

Anonymous, 1937, Stream-flow data for the period from October 1,1928, to September 30, 1935: Kansas State Board of Agriculture, Div. of Water Resources, Rept. for the quarter ending June, 1936, vol. 55, no. 218, pp. 1-688.

Anonymous, 1938, Deep well pumping plants: Kansas State Board of Agriculture, Div. of Water Resources, Rept. for the quarter ending Sept., 1938, vol. 57, no. 288-C, pp. 1-24.

Anonymous, 1939, Utilization of water on lands of the Arkansas valley in western Kansas: U.S. Dept. Agr., Bur. Agr. Econ., Water Utilization Section and Land Classification Section, Div. of Land Econ., unpublished report, Jan., 1939.

Anonymous, 1940, Stream-flow data for the period from October 1,1935, to September 30, 1939: Kansas State Board of Agriculture, Div. of Water Resources, Rept., October, 1940, vol. 59, no. 239, pp. 1-381.

Bass, N.W., 1926, Geologic investigations in western Kansas, with special reference to oil and gas possibilities: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 11, pp. 1-96. figs. 1-27, pls. 1-9.

Burgess, J.L., and Coffey, G.N., 1905, Soil survey of the Garden City area, Kansas: U.S. Dept. Agr., Advance sheets, field operations, Bur. Soils, 1904, pp. 1-33, fig. 1, map.

Coffey, G.N., Rice, T.O., and party, 1912, Reconnaissance soil survey of western Kansas: U.S. Dept. Agr., Advance sheets, field operations, Bur. Soils, 1910, pp. 1-104, figs. 1, 2, pls. 1-4, map.

Dane, C.H., Pierce, W.C., and Reeside, J.B., Jr., 1937, The stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous rocks north of the Arkansas River in eastern Colorado: U.S. Geol. Survey, Prof. Paper 186-K, pp. 207-232, figs. 9-11, pls. 64, 65.

Darton, N.H., 1899, Preliminary report on the geology and water resources of Nebraska west of the 103d meridian: U.S. Geol. Survey, 19th Ann. Rept., pt. 4, pp. 719-785.

Darton, N.H., 1905, Preliminary report on the geology and underground-water resources of the Central Great Plains: U.S. Geol. Survey, Prof. Paper 32, pp. 1-409, figs. 1-18, pls. 1-72 (including maps).

Darton, N.H., 1916, Guidebook of the western United States, Part C, the Santa Fe Route, with a side trip to the Grand Canyon of the Colorado: U.S. Geol. Survey, Bull. 613, pp. 1-194, maps.

Darton, N.H., 1920, Description of the Syracuse and Lakin quadrangles: U.S. Geol. Survey, Geol. Atlas, Syracuse-Lakin folio (no. 212), pp. 1-10, figs. 1-7, pls. 1-6.

Davison, M.H., 1939, Irrigation pumping plants-construction and costs: Kansas State Board of Agriculture, Div. of Water Resources, Rept. for the quarter ending June, 1939, vol. 58, no. 231-C, pp. 1-52.

Dean, H.T., 1936, Chronic endemic dental fluorosis: Am. Med. Assoc. Jour., vol. 107, pp. 1269-1272.

Elias, M.K., 1931, The geology of Wallace County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 18, pp. 1-252, figs. 1-7, pls. 1-42.

Elias, M.K., 1932, Grasses and other plants from the Tertiary rocks of Kansas and Colorado: Kansas Univ. Sci. Bull., vol. 33, pp. 333-367, 3 pls.

Frye, J.C., 1942, Geology and ground-water resources of Meade County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 45, pp. 1-152, figs. 1-13, pls. 1-12. [available online]

Frye, J.C., and Hibbard, C.W., 1941, Pliocene and Pleistocene stratigraphy and paleontology of the Meade basin, southwestern Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 38, pt. 13, pp. 389-424, figs. 1-3, pls. 1-4. [available online]

Gould, C.N., and Lonsdale, J.T., 1926, Geology of Texas County, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geol. Survey, Bull. 37, pp. 1-62, figs. 1-6, pls. 1-9.

Haworth, Erasmus, 1897, Physiography of western Kansas: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 2, pp. 11-49.

Gould, C.N., and Lonsdale, J.T., 1897a, Underground waters of southwestern Kansas: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 6, pp. 1-65, map.

Gould, C.N., and Lonsdale, J.T., 1897b, The geology of underground water in western Kansas: Kansas Board of Irrigation Survey, Rept., 1895-1896, pp. 49-114, figs. 7-11.

Gould, C.N., and Lonsdale, J.T., 1913, Special report on well waters in Kansas: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, Bull. 1, pp. 1-110, figs. 1-9, pls. 1-6.

Johnson, W.D., 1901, The High Plains and their utilization: U.S. Geol. Survey, 21st Ann. Rept., pt. 4, pp. 601-741, figs. 300-329, pls. 113-156.

Johnson, W.D., 1902, The High Plains and their utilization (Conclusions of first paper): U.S. Geol. Survey, 22d Ann. Rept., pt. 4, pp. 631-669, figs. 236-244, pls. 51-65.

Latta, B.F., 1941, Geology and ground-water resources of Stanton County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 37, pp. 1-119, figs. 1-6, pls. 1-9.

Lohman, S.W., 1938, Ground water in south-central Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geol. Survey, 4th ser., Bull. W-5, pp. 1-315, figs. 1-11, pls. 1-17.

Lohman, S.W., and others, 1942, Ground-water supplies in Kansas available for national defense industries: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 41, pt. 2, pp. 21-68, figs. 1-3, pls. 1-4.

Lugn, A.L. and Wenzel, L.K., 1938, Geology and ground-water resources of south-central Nebraska: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 779, pp. 1-242, figs. 1-21, pls. 1-16.

McCall, K.D., and Davison, M.H., 1939, Cost of pumping for irrigation: Kansas State Board of Agriculture, Div. of Water Resources, Bull. 234, pp. 1-55, figs. 1-14.

McLaughlin, T.G., 1942, Geology and ground-water resources of Morton County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 40, pp. 1-126, figs. 1-6, pls. 1-9. [available online]

McLaughlin, T.G., 1943, Geology and ground-water resources of Hamilton and Kearny counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 49, pp. 1-220, figs. 1-18, pls. 1-17. [available online]

Meinzer, O.E., 1923, The occurrence of ground water in the United States, with a discussion of principles: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 489, pp. 1-321, figs. 1-110, pls. 1-31.

Meinzer, O.E., 1923a, Outline of ground-water hydrology, with definitions: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 494, pp. 1-71, figs. 1-35.

Meinzer, O.E., 1927, Plants as indicators of ground water: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 577, pp. 1-95, figs. 1-15, pls. 1-12.

Meinzer, O.E., and Wenzel, L.K., 1940, Water levels and artesian pressure in observation wells in the United States in 1939: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 886, pp. 1-933.

Meinzer, O.E., 1942, Water levels and artesian pressure in observation wells in the United States in 1940: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-supply Paper 908, pt. 3, North-Central States, pp. 1-288.

Meinzer, O.E., 1943, Water levels and artesian pressure in observation wells in the United States in 1941: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 938, pt. 3, North-Central States, pp. 1-232.

Moore, R.C., and others, 1940, Ground-water resources of Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 27, pp. 1-112, figs. 1-28, pls. 1-34. (Includes chapter, Ground-water investigations in the Stanton district, southwestern Kansas, by T.C. McLaughlin and B.F. Latta).

Moore, R.C., and Landes, K.K., 1937, Geologic map of Kansas, Kansas Geol. Survey. 1:500,000.

Moss, R.G., 1932, The geology of Ness and Hodgeman counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 19, pp. 1-48. fig. 1, pls. 1-7. [available online]

Moss, R.G., 1933, Preliminary report on ground-water resources of the Shallow Water Basin in Scott and Finney counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Min. Resources Circ. 5, pp. 1-7, figs. 1-3.

Nettleton, E.W., 1892, Artesian and underflow investigations, final report of the Chief engineer to the Secretary of Agriculture with accompanying maps, profiles, diagrams, and additional papers: U.S. 42d Cong., 1st session, Senate Ex. Doe. 41, pt. 2, pp. 1-116, map, profiles, tables.

Norton, C.H., 1939, Permian redbeds of Kansas: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 1751-1815, figs. 1-24.

Parker, H.N., 1911, Quality of the water supplies of Kansas: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 273, pp. 1-375, fig. 1, pl. 1, map.

Poper, A.M., 1933, Ground water in southwestern Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geol. Survey, 4th ser. Bull. W-1, pp. 1-406, figs. 1-40, pl. 1.

Plummer, Norman, and Romary, J.F., 1942, Stratigraphy of the pre-Greenhorn Cretaceous beds of Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 41, pt. 9, pp. 313-348, figs. 1-4, pls. 1, 2. [available online]

Renick, B.C., 1924, Base-exchange in ground water by silicates as illustrated in Montana: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 520-D, pp. 53-72, fig. 6, pls. 3-5.

Rohwer, Carl, 1940, Putting down and developing wells for irrigation: U.S. Dept. Agr., Circ. 546, pp. 1-86, figs. 1-41.

Sayre, A.N., 1937, Geology and ground-water resources of Duval County, Texas: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 776, pp. 1-116, figs. 1-3, pls. 1-8.

Schoff, S.L., 1939, Geology and ground-water resources of Texas County, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geol. Survey, Bull. 59, pp. 1-248, figs. 1-13, pls. 1-5.

Scofield, C.S., 1933, Quality of irrigation waters: California Dept. Public Works, Div. Water Resources, Bull. 40, pp. 1-95, pls. 1, 2.

Slichter, C.S., 1902, The motions of underground waters: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 67, pp. 1-106, pls. 1-8.

Slichter, C.S., 1906, The underflow in Arkansas valley in western Kansas: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 153, pp. 1-90, figs. 1-24, pls. 1-3.

Smith, H.T.U., 1937, Preliminary notes on Pleistocene gravels in southwestern Kansas: Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 40, pp. 283-291, fig. 1 (dated 1938).

Slichter, C.S., 1940, Geologic studies in southwestern Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 34, pp. 1-212, figs. 1-22, pls. 1-34.

Stearns, N.D., 1927, Laboratory tests on physical properties of water-bearing materials: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 596-F, pp. 121-176, figs. 18-26, pls. 11-13.

Sutton, W.B., 1897, Introduction: Rept. Board of Irrigation Survey and Experiment for 1895 and 1896 to the legislature of Kansas, pp. 1-48, figs. 1-6.

Theis, C.V., 1935, The relation between the lowering of the piezometric surface and the rate and duration of discharge of a well using ground-water storage: Am. Geophys. Union Trans., 16th Ann. Meeting, pt. 2, pp. 519-524, figs. 1-3.

Theis, C.V., Burleigh, H.P., and Waite, H.A., 1935, Ground water in the southern High Plains: U.S. Dept. Interior, Memorandum for the Press, Oct. 30, pp. 1-4, map.

Twenhofel, W.H., 1924, The geology and invertebrate paleontology of the Comanchean and "Dakota" formations of Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 9, pp. 1-135, pls. 1-23. [Available online]

Ver Wiebe, W.A., 1938, Oil and gas resources of western Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Min. Resources Circ. 10, pp. 1-179, maps, charts.

Ver Wiebe, W.A., 1940, Exploration for oil and gas in western Kansas during 1939: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 28, pp. 1-106, figs. 1-34.

Ver Wiebe, W.A., 1941, Exploration for oil and gas in western Kansas during 1940: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 36, pp. 1-109, figs. 1-40, pl. 1.

Waite, H.A., 1941, Factors producing a nine-year decline in ground-water levels in Scott County, Kansas: Am. Geophys. Union Trans., 1941, pp. 772-775, figs. 1, 2.

Waite, H.A., 1942, Geology and ground-water resources of Ford County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 43, pp. 1-250, figs. 1-22, pls. 1-16. [available online]

Waite, H.A., Geology and ground-water resources of Scott County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull., in press. [published as Bull. 66 in 1947, available online]

Wenzel, L.K., 1942, Methods for determining permeability of water-bearing materials with special reference to discharging-well methods: U.S. Geol. Survey, Water-Supply Paper 887, pp. 1-192, figs. 1-17, pls. 1-6.

White, W.N. Broadhurst, W.L., and Lang, J.W., 1940, Ground water in the High Plains of Texas: Texas State Board of Water Engineers and Geol. Survey, U.S. Dept. of Interior, mimeographed report, pp. 1-56, figs. 1-12.

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Finney and Gray County Geohydrology
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