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Geology

  Seward County Geohydrology

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Table of Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Geology

Ground Water

Geologic Formations

Well Records

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

Well Logs 21-30

Listed in the following pages are the logs of 35 test holes and wells in Seward County, including 23 test holes drilled by the State Geological Survey. The locations of these test holes are shown in Plate 3.

21. Sample log of test hole 21 in the SW 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 36, T. 34 S., R. 31 W., drilled by the State Geological Survey, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,585 feet. (Samples studied by James B. Cooper and Frank E. Byrne.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
Soil, fine sandy, brown; contains caliche 2 2
QUATERNARY-Pleistocene
Meade formation
Sand, medium, to gravel, coarse; brown 3 5
Sand, medium, to gravel, coarse; consolidated 1.5 6.5
TERTIARY-Pliocene
Sand, fine, calcareous, light gray 1.5 8
Silt and fine sand, calcareous, pink tan 5 13
Caliche, soft, white to light gray 3.5 16.5
Caliche and clay, yellow 2.5 19
Caliche, hard, light gray, white and yellow 5 24
Sand, fine, calcareous, yellow orange 3 27
Sand, fine, silt, and caliche; light gray 3 30
Clay, silty to fine sandy, light gray 1 31
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine; brown and orange 16 47
Silt and fine sand, calcareous, gray orange and brown, 3 50
Sand, fine and medium, brown 24 74
Silt and fine sand, calcareous, light gray and orange 2.5 76.5
Sand, fine and medium, brown 6.5 83
Sand, fine and medium, brown and orange brown 7 90
Sand, fine to coarse, brown; contains yellow silt and a little gravel 30 120
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine; brown; contains caliche 42 162
Clay, silty to fine sandy, light gray 12 174
Clay, silty, blue gray, alternating with sand, fine and medium, gray 7 181
Sandstone, soft, calcareous, buff 10.5 191.5
Sand, fine and medium, buff to yellow brown 12.5 204
Sand, medium, to gravel, medium; brown 36 240
Sand, medium, to gravel, medium; orange brown 15 255
Sand, medium, to gravel, medium; brown 20 275
Clay, silty, light gray 6 281
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine; brown 9 290
Sand, medium and coarse, orange brown 5 295
Sand, medium to coarse, and gravel; hard, brown 46 341
Clay, fine sandy, highly calcareous; contains caliche 2 343
Sand, medium, to gravel, medium; brown; contains siltstone 7 350
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine; brown 51 401
Clay, sand, and gravel; contains caliche at top and in lower half 16 417
Sand, coarse, and gravel, fine; consolidated 5 422
Gravel, fine and coarse, brown; contains silty blue-green clay 24 446
Silt and sand, pink brown, interbedded with silty blue-green clay 5 451
Sand and gravel, interbedded with blue-green clay 16 467
Sand, fine, brown; contains silty blue-green shale and brown siltstone. Contains gravel in basal part 33 500
PERMIAN-Guadalupian
Redbeds
Shale, silty, light gray to red brown, and siltstone, red brown 20 520

22. Sample log of test hole 22 at the SE cor. sec. 36, T. 34 S., R. 35 W., Stevens County, drilled by the State Geological Survey, 1943. Surface altitude, 2,95O+/- feet. (Samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
QUATERNARY-Recent
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine; contains soft gray to gray-black silt 5 5
Sand, medium to fine, red 9 14
QUATERNARY AND TERTIARY-Pleistocene and Pliocene
Silt, soft, buff; contains medium to fine sand 4 18
Silt, clayey, green; contains medium to fine sand 5 23
Silt, soft, buff to white; contains medium to fine sand and caliche 7 30
Sand, medium to fine, and silt, soft, buff 4 34
Silt, soft, light gray; contains medium to fine sand 4 38
Sand, coarse to fine 22 60
Silt, soft, buff to gray white; contains medium to fine sand and caliche 10 70
Silt, compact, light yellow tan; contains medium to fine sand and caliche 20 90
Sand, coarse to fine; contains soft buff and white silt 14 104
Silt, clayey, buff; contains coarse to fine sand and caliche 2 106
Gravel and sand, coarse to fine 29 135
Silt, soft, buff; contains medium to fine, sand and a little gravel 10.5 145.5
Silt, compact, light tan; contains medium to fine sand and caliche 14.5 160
Silt, soft, white and buff; contains coarse to fine sand and caliche 30 190
Silt, clayey, buff and light tan; contains coarse to fine sand and caliche 15 205
Silt, soft, gray and buff; contains fine to coarse sand, fine gravel, and caliche 15.5 220.5
Gravel, fine, to sand, medium 2.5 223
Silt, soft, light brown; contains medium to fine sand and caliche 6 229
Sand to gravel, fine; contains caliche 23 252
Silt, soft, tan; contains medium to fine sand and caliche 28 280
Sand, coarse to fine 20 300
Silt, soft, tan; contains fine sand and caliche 4 304
Silt, soft, light greenish gray and brown, and sand, very fine 6 310
Silt, soft, white to greenish gray and light gray buff; contains coarse to fine sand and a little caliche 50 360
Silt, clayey, white to yellow and brown; contains dense blue-white caliche 20 380
Silt, very soft, gray white and yellow brown, and sand, fine; contains hard white to yellow-brown sand-stone and concretions of hard brown siltstone 50 430
Silt, very soft, gray white and yellow brown; contains concretions of sandy hard brown siltstone 38 468
Gravel, fine, to sand, medium 2 470
Silt, very soft, light buff to yellow brown and gray white; contains coarse to very fine sand 100 570
Silt, soft, gray buff to blue gray, and sand, medium to fine; contains concretions of ironstone 20 590
Silt, soft, light gray and yellow brown; contains medium to fine sand 10 600
Silt, very soft, gray buff and yellow brown; contains coarse to fine sand and fine gravel 20 620
Silt, soft, light gray buff; contains medium to fine sand 60 680
Gravel, fine, to sand, medium 8 688
PERMIAN-Guadalupian
Redbeds
Silt, blocky, light orange red 2 690
Silt, clayey, light orange red 30 720

23. Sample log of test hole 23 at the NW cor. NE 1/4 sec. 13, T. 35 S., R. 31 W., drilled by the State Geological Survey, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,662 feet. (Samples studied by James B. Cooper and Frank E. Byrne.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
QUATERNARY-Recent
Dune sand
Sand, fine, brown 7 7
QUATERNARY-Pleistocene
Meade formation
Sand, fine, pinkish tan 4 11
Sand and gravel; fine to coarse 8 19
Silt and sand, fine; calcareous, brown 2 21
Caliche, gray to buff, basal part hard 9 30
Caliche, hard, gray to white; contains fine quartz sand, 10 40
Caliche and clay, tan; contains silt 9 49
Silt and sand, fine; calcareous, brown; contains fine gravel 3 52
Caliche, soft, and clay, silty and limy, tan 5 57
Sand, fine, calcareous, brown to yellow brown; contains silt 3 60
Silt and sand, fine; calcareous, brown 6 66
Sand, medium, to gravel, coarse; brown 3.5 69.5
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine; consolidated 4.5 74
Sand, medium, to gravel, medium; brown 6 80
Sand, coarse, consolidated 2.5 82.5
TERTIARY-Pliocene
Rexroad (?) formation
Clay, silt, and fine to medium sand; gray to brown; contains caliche 17.5 100
Silt and sand, fine; calcareous, hard, gray 5 105
Clay, silty to fine sandy, very calcareous, hard 11 116
Caliche and clay, interbedded, brown to buff, contains silt and a little sand 4.5 120.5
Sand, fine, brown, and silt; calcareous 4.5 125
Clay, silty to fine sandy, calcareous, light gray 5 130
Clay, silt, and sand, fine; interbedded, calcareous, light gray and brown 7 137
Sand, fine to medium, calcareous, hard, brown 9 146
Sand, fine, to gravel, medium; brown; contains clay in upper part 10 156
Sand, fine, to gravel, medium; brown; contains caliche 42 198
Laverne formation
Clay, silty to fine sandy, calcareous, light gray 4 202
Silt and sand, fine; light cream gray to brown and yellow; contains caliche 6 208
Clay, silty, blue gray; contains caliche 19 227
Sandstone, calcareous, fairly hard, blue gray; contains gypsum in lower part 13 240
Shale, sandy clay, and sandstone; calcareous, blue gray 10 250
Sand, fine, blue gray, and silt; contains thin beds of silty white limestone in lower part 30 280
Silt, calcareous, blue gray, and sand, fine; contains thin beds of gypsum 40 320
Shale, silty and fine sandy, blue gray; contains gypsum 28 348
Shale, silty, earth brown, and shale, blue gray; interbedded; contains gypsum in basal part 32 380
Gypsum, hard, and sandstone, dense, dark gray to black 6 387
Shale, blue gray; contains thin layers of gypsum near base 23 410
Shale, silty, and fine sandy, blue gray, and shale, hard, yellow green 24 434
Sand, medium, and gravel, fine; partly cemented; brown 142 576
PERMIAN-Guadalupian
Redbeds
Siltstone, red 14 590

24. Driller's log of test hole drilled for the City of Liberal in NW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec.32, T. 34 S., R. 33 W., 1944. (Layne-Western Company, driller.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
Soil 2 2
QUATERNARY AND TERTIARY-Pleistocene and Pliocene
Clay, sandy 8 10
Sand 3 13
Clay, sandy, and caliche 77 90
Sand, gravel, and clay 20 110
Clay, sandy, red (static water level, 121 feet) 13 123
Clay, hard, white 33 156
Rock 2 158
Sand, medium coarse 3 161
Rock and sand 3 164
Rock, hard 5 169
Clay, sandy 28 197
Sand, medium coarse 4 201
Clay, sandy 115 316
Clay, blue 14 330
Clay; contains streaks of sand 7 337
Sand, medium coarse 32 369
Clay, blue 39 408
Clay, sandy 47 455
Sand, fine, and clay 11 466
Sand, fine 39 505
Sand, medium coarse, and gravel 35 540
Sand, very fine 50 590
PERMIAN-Guadalupian
Redbeds
Shale, red 11 601

25. Driller's log of test hole of the Deep Well Irrigation Company in the NW cor. sec. 32, T. 34 S., R. 33 W. (Log furnished by Perry Keller, Liberal city engineer.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
Soil 3 3
QUATERNARY AND TERTIARY-Pleistocene and Pliocene
Clay 5 8
Sand 10 18
Clay 12 30
Sand 25 55
Clay 5 60
Sand 20 80
Clay 15 95
Sand 25 120
Clay 5 125
Sand 5 130
Clay 5 135
Sand, very fine 7 142
Clay 23 165
Sand, medium; contains caliche 5 170
Rock, soft 3 173
Rock, hard 7 180
Sand, medium to coarse 84 264
Clay 7 271
Sand 4 275
Clay 7 282
Sand 19 301
Sand and gravel 14 315
Sand 12 327
Gravel and clay 10 337
Sand, coarse 10 347
Clay 9 356

26. Driller's log of the municipal supply well of the City of Kismet in the SE 1/4. SW 1/4 sec. 4, T. 33 S., R. 31 W. Surface altitude, 2,785 +/- feet. (J. Doty, driller.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
Soil 4 4
Clay, sandy 16 20
Gyp, hard 40 60
Sand and gravel 38 98
Sand rock, soft 3 101
Sand 6 107
Sand rock, soft 2 109
Sand 12 121
Sand rock, soft 3 124
Clay 14 138
Sand, dirty 12 150
Sand and gravel 98 248

27. Driller's log of railroad well at Liberal in the NW 1/4 sec. 4, T. 35 S., R. 33W. Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
Soil 2 2
Clay, white, and gypsum 40 42
Clay, blue 50 92
Clay, white, and sand 35 127
Sand, white 2 129
Clay, yellow 38 167
Shale and sand, white 10 177
Sand, white 13 190
Shale, white 2 192

28. Driller's log of railroad well at Liberal in the NE 1/4 sec. 32, T. 34 S., R. 33 W. Surface altitude, 2,840 feet. (Darton, 1905, p. 317.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
Clay, hard 6 6
Sand 35 41
Sandstone, soft 22 63
Sandstone, coarse 12 75
Sand 10 85
Sandstone, soft 100 185
Sand and clay 80 265
Sandstone, hard 5 270
Sand, coarse to fine, and gravel 45 315
Sand and sandstone 130 445
Sand, coarse, and gravel 40 485

29. Driller's log of well of Panhandle Eastern Pipeline Company near Arkalon in the NW 1/4 SW 1/4sec. 24, T. 33 S., R.32 W. Surface altitude, 2,610+/- feet. (Well Works Manufacturing Company, Garden City, Kansas, driller.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
Soil, sandy 14 14
Sand 13 27
Clay 7 34
Sand, fine 4 38
Clay, tough 25 63
Sand 8 71
Clay, blue 4 75
Clay, sandy 11 86
Sand rock, soft 6 92
Sand 11 103
Clay, blue 9 112
Sand rock, soft 2 114
Sand 21 135
Clay, blue 4 139
Sand, fine 7 146
Clay, blue 3 149
Sand and gravel 19 168

30. Driller's log of well no. 1 of the Northern Natural Gas Company in the SW 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 1, T. 32 S., R.33 W. (Buell Scott, driller.) Thickness (feet) Depth (feet)
Soil 8 8
Clay; contains caliche and streaks of fine sand 12 20
Clay, brown, and sand 5 25
Caliche 3 28
Clay, brown 4 32
Sand, fine 6 38
Clay and caliche 2 40
Caliche 2 42
Clay 4 46
Caliche and clay 4 50
Caliche and fine sand 2 52
Rock 2 54
Caliche 3 57
Caliche and sand 18 75
Sand and clay 10 85
Sand and red clay 5 90
Caliche 2 92
Caliche and sand 3 95
Clay, red, and sand 10 105
Sand, coarse 22 127
Clay and sand 2 129
Sand 20 149
Clay 1 150
Sand 20 170
Sand and caliche 6 176
Sand 7 183
Clay 2 185
Sand 5 190
Clay and sand 2 192
Sand 12 204
Clay 1 205
Clay and sand 2 207
Sand 17 224
Clay 2 226
Sand, fine 11 237
Sand, coarse 19 256
Sand 10 266

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Seward County Geohydrology
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version Sept. 2001. Original publication date March. 1948.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Seward/logs3.html