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Geology

  Grant, Haskell, and Stevens County Geohydrology

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Table of Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Geography

General Geology

Ground Water

Geologic Formations

Well Records

Well Logs

References

Plates

 

Well logs

Listed in the following pages are the logs of 60 wells and test holes in Grant, Haskell, and Stevens Counties, including 46 test holes drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys (1-46), 13 water wells (47-59), and one gas-test well (60). The locations of the test holes are shown on Plate 3 and most of the water wells are shown on Plate 2. Test holes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 23, 35, and 38 were drilled as a part of the investigation of the geology and groundwater resources of adjacent counties.

Logs 1-15 || Logs 16-30 || Logs 31-45 || Logs 46-60

31. Log of test hole 31 at the SE corner sec. 32, T. 30 S., R. 38 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1942. Surface altitude, 3,173 feet. (Authority, samples studied by James B. Cooper and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Soil, silty, brown and gray, containing caliche33
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, fine sandy, light tan and brown, compact, containing sand, fine gravel, and caliche1518
Silt, sandy to clayey, light gray to buff; contains sand, a little gravel, and fragments of caliche7896
Silt, sandy, white to buff and brown, and caliche; containing sand and gravel24120
Silt, sandy, brown and gray, containing caliche and thin beds of cemented sand and gravel10130
Gravel and sand; coarse to fine; partly consolidated near top; containing a little clay80210
Silt, gray, sandy, compact; contains sand, gravel, caliche, and a little clay25235
Gravel and sand; fine to coarse; containing sandy tan to brown silt and caliche5240
Gravel and sand; coarse to fine; poorly sorted; containing silt and clay32272
Silt and clay; sandy; varicolored; containing caliche11.5283.5
Silt, sandy, compact, reddish tan16.5300
Gravel, coarse to fine, and sand, coarse to medium; containing silt and clay136.5436.5
Dakota formation
Sandstone, fine-grained, yellow to rusty yellow and brown, containing varicolored clay and fragments of ironstone93.5530
Clay, silty, varicolored, containing gray to yellow and red sandstone and fragments of ironstone9539
Permian redbeds
Siltstone, in part clayey, brick red21560

32. Log of test hole 32 at the SE corner sec. 25, T. 31 S., R. 35 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 2,967 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Soil, sandy, gray black22
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, soft, gray to yellow gray and buff, containing fine to medium sand2224
Sand, fine, containing silt, soft, gray buff428
Silt, soft, gray buff and buff, containing fine to medium sand and a little caliche735
Silt, clayey, yellow buff and buff; contains fine gravel, fine to coarse sand, and caliche8.543.5
Silt, soft, buff to light gray and pink; contains fine to coarse sand, fine to medium gravel, and a little caliche37.581
Clay, silty, light tan, containing fine sand990
Silt, in part clayey, white to buff and pink, containing fine to coarse sand and gravel and caliche44134
Gravel, coarse to fine, and sand, coarse22156
Silt, soft, yellow gray; contains fine gravel, fine to coarse sand, and caliche9165
Gravel, fine to medium, and sand, coarse to medium17182
Silt, soft, buff and gray1183
Gravel, fine to medium, and sand, coarse to medium9192
Silt, soft, yellow and light gray, containing very fine sand and caliche13205
Gravel, fine to coarse, and sand, coarse to medium; containing a little silt33.5238.5
Silt, soft, gray, containing medium to fine gravel and coarse to fine sand7.5246
Gravel, fine to medium, and sand, coarse to fine; containing a little silt and caliche41287
Silt, soft, light gray, containing fine to coarse sand0.5287.5
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, coarse to fine; containing caliche20.5308
Silt, soft, containing fine sand1309
Gravel, fine, and sand, coarse4313
Silt, soft, buff, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche4317
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, coarse5.5322.5
Silt, soft, buff and gray; contains fine to coarse sand, fine to coarse gravel, and caliche81.5404
Silt, white to blue gray and buff, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche70474
Dakota formation
Siltstone, soft, yellow buff, containing fine-grained yellow sandstone and ironstone6480
Sandstone, fine-grained, soft, and silt, compact; white and yellow; containing ironstone10400
Silt, light yellow and white, containing very fine-grained white sandstone7497
Sandstone, fine-grained to very fine-grained, hard, and silt, soft; white and yellow3500
Siltstone, in part clayey, soft, and sandstone, fine-grained to very fine-grained; white to yellow; containing ironstone17517
Clay, varicolored, containing yellow and red siltstone and very fine-grained sandstone29546
Permian redbeds
Clay, dark red4550
Shale, hard, dark red, containing a little blue-gray shale,10560

33. Log of test hole 33 at the NE corner sec. 9, T. 31 S., R. 37 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1942. Surface altitude, 3,062 feet. (Authority, samples studied by James B. Cooper and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Soil, silty, containing sand, medium, and gravel, fine; black22
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, compact, gray and brown; contains fine gravel, medium sand, and caliche27
Silt, sandy, light brown and tan to gray and white, containing fragments of caliche1421
Sand, fine to coarse, tan, and silt, sandy, gray and brown627
Silt, sandy, white and light gray to tan and red, containing caliche3158
Silt, clayey, compact, brown, containing caliche1270
Silt, sandy, gray and brown, containing fine to coarse tan sand and fragments of caliche373
Gravel and sand; fine to coarse; partly cemented; containing brown silt780
Silt, clayey, compact, tan, containing caliche383
Gravel, coarse, and sand, medium, containing tan silt487
Silt, fine sandy to clayey, compact, tan, containing fine to coarse gravel and medium sand390
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and brown, and sand, medium; containing gray sandy silt898
Silt, clayey, compact, tan2100
Gravel and sand; fine to coarse; containing tan silt18118
Silt, compact1 tan, containing medium sand and fragments of caliche6124
Gravel, fine to medium, and sand, fine to coarse56180
Gravel, fine to medium, and sand, fine to coarse; containing yellow and tan silt15195
Silt, fine sandy, compact, gray and tan, containing compact yellow to tan clay12207
Gravel, fine to coarse, containing medium sand and fragments of ironstone and sandstone23230
Silt, fine sandy, gray and brown16246
Gravel, medium to coarse, containing coarse, tan sand94340
Gravel, medium to very coarse, containing coarse sand and fragments of ironstone, sandstone, and red clay23363
Dakota formation
Sandstone, soft, brown and yellow30393
Siltstone, clayey, hard, red and yellow, containing yellow sandstone10403
Sandstone, soft, white and yellow7410
Siltstone, fine sandy, soft, yellow tan and gray10420
No sample recovered10430

34. Log of test hole 34 at the SE corner sec. 33, T. 31 S., R. 37 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 3,130 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Soil, clayey, dark gray to black55
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, soft, blocky, yellow gray, containing fine sand27
Silt, soft, brown to cream colored and buff, containing fine to coarse sand and nodules of caliche3340
Sand, medium to fine, and silt, soft, buff2.542.5
Clay, silty, compact, buff7.550
Silt, clayey, compact, light gray to buff, containing caliche and fine to coarse sand1969
Gravel, very coarse to fine, and sand, coarse to medium2392
Silt, compact, buff, containing caliche and fine to coarse sand60152
Sand, coarse to medium, and gravel, fine; containing caliche10162
Silt, soft, buff, containing sand, gravel, and caliche18.5180.5
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, fine to coarse; containing caliche and soft buff silt27.5208
Silt, soft, cream to reddish tan; contains fine gravel, fine to coarse sand, and caliche19227
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, coarse9236
Gravel and sand; consolidated4240
Gravel, medium to fine, and silt, soft, tan; containing medium to coarse sand7247
Silt, soft, tan, containing fine gravel, fine to coarse sand, and caliche23270
Silt, compact, blocky, brown40310
Silt, compact, blocky, brown, containing a little gravel and caliche9.5319.5
Silt, soft, buff and brown, containing medium to fine sand and caliche10.5330
Silt, compact, blocky, brown, and silt, soft, gray; containing fine to coarse sand and a little caliche200530
Silt, soft light greenish gray and brown, containing fine to medium sand and a little caliche32562
Permian redbeds
Siltstone, brick red, containing a little compact greenish gray silt8570

35. Log of test hole 35 at the NW corner sec. 4, T. 31 S., R. 39 W., Morton County, drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1940. Surface altitude 3,193 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry M. McNally and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Loam, brown to black33
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Clay, silty to fine sandy, light brown58
Silt, fine sandy, brown311
Silt, fine sandy, light brown213
Sand, fine, brown, containing caliche and clay417
Silt, light brown and gray, and caliche825
Silt, fine sandy, brown429
Clay, silty, light brown, and caliche1241
Silt, light gray, fine sandy243
Silt, fine sandy, light brown346
Sand, fine, reddish brown854
Silt, fine sandy, brown, and caliche1064
Clay, silty, light brown569
Sand, fine, and silt; brown473
Silt and caliche578
Sand, fine, brown, and caliche987
Sand, fine, light brown to gray, and caliche1097
Sand, fine, brown11108
Silt, light gray to white6114
Sand, fine, brown to gray23137
Sand, medium, brown4141
Silt, fine sandy, brown6147
Sand and gravel; brown11.5158.5
Silt, sandy, brown6.5165
Sand and gravel; brown11176
Silt, caliche, and sand4180
Sand and gravel; brown10190
Sand and gravel; coarse10200
Sand, fine, brown, and silt10210
Silt, brown, and loose sand13223
Silt, brown and gray5228
Sand, fine to coarse, brown9237
Sand and gravel11.5248.5
Silt, brown, sandy7.5256
Silt, sand, and gravel5.5261.5
Dakota formation
Sandstone, brown, and clay; varicolored8.5270

36. Log of test hole 36 at the SE corner sec. 24, T. 32 S., R. 35 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 2,974 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness (feet)Depth (feet)
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine, containing light-gray to dark-gray silt66
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits silt, in part clayey, soft, buff to greenish gray and gray, containing a little caliche and fine to medium sand2026
Sand, medium to fine, containing soft gray-white silt and a little caliche
Silt, soft, buff and light tan, containing fine to coarse sand and a little caliche2150
Sand, medium3.553.5
Clay, silty, yellow gray6.560
Sand, coarse to fine, containing fine gravel and soft gray silt666
Silt, soft, yellow gray, containing fine to medium sand1076
Sand, coarse to fine, and silt, soft, gray; containing caliche80
Sand and gravel; coarse to fine1393
Silt, clayey, buff, containing fine sand, pink-buff clay, and caliche17110
Clay, silty, buff7117
Gravel and sand; coarse to fine; containing a little soft white silt19136
Silt, clayey, buff, containing fine sand and a little caliche4140
Silt, compact, buff and pink, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche35175
Gravel, medium to fine, containing soft buff silt and fine to coarse sand14.5189.5
Silt, gray, containing fine gravel, fine to coarse sand, and caliche10.5200
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, coarse; partly consolidated20220
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, coarse; consolidated3223
Silt, soft, gray brown, containing fine to coarse sand11234
Sand, coarse to medium, and gravel, fine5239
Silt, soft, yellow gray to tan and buff, containing fine to medium sand and caliche31270
Clay, compact, blocky, brown and blue gray, containing caliche10280
Silt, clayey, buff to yellow gray and tan, containing very fine to medium sand, and caliche30310
Clay, compact, laminated, light blue gray, containing soft tan silt and a little caliche70380
Silt, soft, buff and tan, containing fine sand40420
Sand, coarse to fine; contains yellow-buff silt, fine to medium gravel, and caliche30450
Silt, gray and buff, containing fine to medium sand and a little caliche20.5470.5
Gravel, fine, and sand, coarse to fine6.5477
Silt, soft to compact, light pink to buff, containing fine to coarse sand and a little caliche15492
Silt, clayey, red and buff, containing sand and caliche5497
Permian redbeds
Siltstone, clayey, dark red13510

37. Log of test hole 37 at the SW corner sec. 27, T. 32 S., R. 37 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 3,123 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine, containing silt, soft, gray and tan1010
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, clayey, compact, buff and tan; contains fine to coarse sand, fine gravel, and caliche1929
Sand, coarse to medium, and gravel, fine736
Silt, compact, tan, containing fine to coarse sand and a little caliche743
Sand, coarse to medium, and gravel, medium to fine649
Silt, soft, tan, containing coarse to medium sand1059
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, coarse; containing soft buff silt665
Silt, buff to yellow gray, and sand, coarse to fine; containing coarse to fine gravel and a little caliche2590
Sand, coarse to fine, and silt, soft, buff494
Silt, soft, dark gray and buff; contains fine to coarse sand, fine to coarse gravel, and caliche6100
Gravel, coarse to fine, and sand, coarse to medium; consolidated11111
Silt, clayey, pinkish buff, containing fine to coarse sand and a little caliche35146
Silt, soft, buff to light gray and yellow gray; contains fine to coarse sand, fine to medium gravel, and caliche44190
Silt, clayey, compact, buff, containing fine to coarse sand and a little caliche32222
Silt, soft, gray and tan, containing fine to coarse sand and a little caliche8230
Silt, soft, reddish tan; contains fine to very fine sand, blue-gray compact silt, and caliche90330
Silt, soft, reddish tan and blue gray, containing fine to very fine sand and a little caliche50380
Silt, soft, red and buff, containing very fine to medium sand and a little caliche40420
Silt, clayey, compact, blocky, blue gray, containing fine to coarse sand and a little caliche10430
Silt, soft, red and pink, containing very fine sand and caliche70500
Silt, soft, light gray to gray green, containing fine to medium sand and caliche30530
Silt, compact, red and pink, containing fine sand and caliche10540
Silt, soft, gray white, containing fine sand and a few pebbles of sandstone10550
Silt, soft, red and pink, containing fine to medium sand and gravel9559
Permian redbeds
Siltstone, brick red, containing very fine sand11570

38. Log of test hole 38 at the SW corner sec. 18, T. 33 S., R. 34 W., Seward County, drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1942 Surface altitude, 2,936 feet. (Authority, samples studied by James B Cooper and Frank B. Byrne.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Dune sand
Sand, fine to medium, containing some silt, brown66
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Sand, silt, clay, and fine gravel; calcareous; pinkish gray410
Sand, fine to coarse, containing fine gravel; calcareous; gray brown; coarser toward base1727
Clay, silt, and sand, coarse; brown gray; calcareous330
Sand, medium and coarse, brownish gray1040
Sand, silt, clay, and fine gravel; calcareous; pink brown; much coarser in basal part2060
Gravel, coarse, to sand, coarse; gray brown1070
Sand, fine, to gravel, medium; containing numerous fragments of caliche2595
Gravel, medium, to sand, fine; lime-cemented5100
Sand, silt, and clay; containing a little fine gravel; gray brown, highly calcareous10110
Sand and some silt; tan to pinkish gray; lime-cemented30140
Sand, coarse, to silt, gray brown10150
Sand and some silt; tan to pinkish gray; lime-cemented10160
Silt, sand, and clay; tan to pinkish gray10170
Silt, clay, and some sand; gray brown; highly calcareous4174
Sand, fine, to gravel, medium; calcareous; light brown16190
Gravel, fine, and sand, coarse; light brown30220
Sand, fine to coarse, containing a little fine gravel; light brown; slightly calcareous20240
Sand, coarse, and travel, fine; light brown20260
Sand, fine to coarse, containing a little fine gravel; slightly calcareous; tan gray10270
Sand, fine -to coarse, slightly calcareous, brownish gray20290
Sand, coarse, and gravel, fine; brownish gray20310
Sand and gravel; reddish gray10320
Sand, fine to coarse, containing a little gravel; light brownish gray10330
Sand and a little gravel; reddish gray10340
Silt, clay, and sand; tan brown to yellow gray13353
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine; light brownish gray27380
Silt and clay; tan brown3383
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine; light brownish gray7390
Sand and gravel; containing small fragments of ironstone,10400
Sand, medium, and gravel, fine10410
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine; light brownish gray46456
Shale, compact, tan brown and red4460
Sand and gravel; brownish gray20480
Shale, compact, tan, brown, red, and gray green10490
Sand and gravel; brownish gray20510
Sand, light brown, and shale, red and brown; interbedded17527
Shale, compact, hard, brown3530
Sand, brownish gray, and shale, compact, brown and red; interbedded90620
Shale, compact, tan brown78698
Permian deposits
Shale, silty, slightly calcareous, bright red22720

39. Log of test hole 39 at the SW corner sec. 18, T. 33 S., R. 35 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 3,005 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Soil, sandy, gray1.51.5
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine, reddish buff5.57
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, reddish, containing medium- to fine sand and caliche714
Sand, medium to fine, red, containing reddish-buff and white silt2438
Silt, clayey, white to yellow, containing fine to medium sand1250
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, coarse to fine; containing soft buff silt1565
Silt, soft, buff, containing sand and gravel570
Sand, coarse to fine474
Silt, soft, light gray to greenish gray, containing sand, gravel, and caliche1690
Sand, medium to coarse, and gravel, medium to fine10100
Silt, gray buff to buff, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche24124
Sand, coarse to medium, containing caliche and buff to white silt17141
Silt, buff, containing medium to fine sand and caliche16.5157.5
Silt, soft, white, and caliche3.5161
Gravel, fine, and silt, compact, buff7168
Silt, compact, gray, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche22190
Silt, soft, greenish gray to tan, contains fine to coarse sand, fine gravel, and caliche34224
Sand, coarse to fine, and gravel, fine; containing caliche34258
Silt, soft, gray buff, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche3261
Sand, coarse to fine, containing fine gravel and caliche12273
Silt, soft, pink tan to gray buff and brown, containing coarse to fine sand, medium to fine gravel, and caliche27300
Sand, coarse to fine, and gravel, fine to medium, containing a little silt and caliche120.5426.5
Silt, clayey, soft to compact, white to blue gray and varicolored, alternating with beds of pink clay; containing very fine to medium sand and caliche230.5657
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, coarse to fine46703
Permian redbeds
Silt, soft, orange red17720
Silt, soft, orange red, and siltstoae, hard, red10730
Shale, silty, dark red, containing a little limestone and gypsum10740

40. Log of test hole 40 at the NW corner sec. 20, T. 33 S., R. 36 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 3,061 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Soil, very sandy, gray black22
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine, containing gray and buff calcareous silt810
Sand, medium, containing a little fine and coarse sand and reddish-buff silt1828
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, compact, gray, containing medium to fine sand230
Silt, soft, buff, containing gravel in lower part1040
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, medium to coarse2363
Silt, soft, yellow buff, interbedded with sand and gravel770
Silt, clayey, soft, grayish green and buff, containing coarse to fine sand and a little gravel and caliche40110
Silt, compact, buff and pink, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche11121
Silt, soft, buff and white, containing much medium to fine sand and caliche29150
Sand, coarse to fine, and silt, soft, gray brown, containing caliche10160
Gravel, fine to medium, and sand, coarse to fine; containing soft buff silt and a little caliche47207
Silt, soft, gray to pink and buff; contains fine to coarse sand, fine to coarse gravel, and caliche33240
Gravel, medium to fine, and sand, fine to coarse; containing silt and caliche in upper part18.5258.5
Silt, soft, buff and gray; contains medium to fine gravel, coarse to fine sand, and caliche21.5280
Clay, compact, laminated, blue gray and yellow gray, containing red silt and caliche33313
Gravel and sand; coarse to fine; containing soft buff silt and a little caliche2315
Clay, silty, laminated, gray to dark blue gray, containing gray-green silt and a little sand85400
Silt, compact, brown gray, containing a little sand10410
Clay, silty, compact, blue gray and gray green; contains silt, sand, gravel, and caliche30440
Silt, soft, yellow buff and gray, containing fine to coarse sand and fine to medium gravel20460
Clay, compact, blocky, yellow to blue gray and black20480
Clay, silty, compact, blocky, blue gray and gray, containing a little fine to coarse sand10490
Silt, clayey, compact, gray, containing a little very fine sand8498
Gravel, fine, and sand, coarse2500
Silt, compact, clayey, partly micaceous, blue gray to gray and yellow36536
Permian redbeds
Siltstone, hard, bright red to dark red14550

41. Log of test hole 41 at the SW corner NW 1/4 sec. 21, T. 33 S., R. 37 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude 3,120 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Soil, sandy to silty, dark gray2.52.5
Dune sand
Sand, fine, and silt, soft, light gray2.55
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, light gray, blocky27
Sand, medium to fine, containing silt, red1320
Sand, medium to fine, containing silt, gray white1030
Sand, coarse to medium, stained orange red737
Silt, soft, reddish tan, containing caliche0.537.5
Gravel, very coarse, to sand, fine; containing soft buff silt and a little caliche46.584
Silt, soft, buff, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche16100
Clay, silty, white, containing sand and gravel which are partly cemented by calcium carbonate10110
Silt, calcareous, white and pink, containing medium to fine sand9119
Silt, hard, blocky, gray5124
Silt, soft, gray to buff and tan; contains fine to coarse sand, fine to medium gravel, and caliche61185
Gravel, medium, to sand, fine; containing soft buff silt6191
Silt, soft, tan, containing fine gravel, fine to coarse sand, and caliche11202
Caliche, silty, hard, light pink, containing soft red silt and very fine sand8210
Gravel, fine, containing soft red and white silt and caliche,10220
Silt, very soft to partly cemented, red, containing very fine to coarse sand and fine gravel40260
Silt, micaceous, very soft, white to yellow and pink, containing much very fine sand and a little caliche10270
Silt, soft, partly clayey, white and yellow, containing very fine to coarse sand and fine gravel17287
Gravel, fine to medium, and sand, fine to very fine; containing soft yellow and light-gray silt and caliche3290
Silt, clayey, soft, gray to buff and red, containing coarse to medium gravel and coarse to very fine sand22312
Gravel, coarse to medium, and sand, coarse to fine8320
Silt, soft, tan to white; contains fine to coarse sand, fine to coarse gravel, and caliche70390
Gravel, fine20410
Gravel and sand; fine to coarse; containing soft buff silt and caliche10420
Silt, soft, tan to buff; contains fine to very fine sand; fine gravel, red and yellow silt, and caliche70490
Silt, micaceous, soft, light yellow to buff and light red, containing a little gravel10500
Silt, partly cemented, buff and light red34.5534.5
Gravel, medium, to sand, coarse; containing soft buff silt5.5540
Gravel, fine to medium, containing caliche24564
Permian redbeds
Siltstone, clayey, dark red11575

42. Log of test hole 42 at SE corner sec. 16, T. 33 S., R. 38 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 3,165 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine, containing dark-gray silt99
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Sand, coarse to medium, containing blocky gray-green and tan silt and caliche1928
Clay, silty, tan, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche1038
Sand, coarse, and gravel, fine9.547.5
Silt, soft, tan, containing very coarse to fine gravel and coarse to fine sand2.550
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine353
Silt, compact, yellow gray, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche760
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine262
Silt, soft, light tan and red tan; contains fine to coarse sand; fine to coarse gravel, and a little caliche10.572.5
Silt, compact, buff, and sand, coarse to fine; containing caliche12.585
Clay, silty, gray buff, containing fine to medium sand and caliche25110
Silt, clayey, gray buff to tan and white, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche70180
Silt, soft, buff and tan, containing fine to medium sand and a little caliche10190
Silt, soft, greenish gray; contains fine to coarse sand, fine to medium gravel, and caliche17207
Gravel, medium, to sand, fine; containing soft buff silt19226
Silt, soft, greenish gray to gray and buff; contains fine to coarse sand, fine gravel, and caliche52278
Silt, soft, light tan, and gravel, medium to fine; containing fine to coarse sand and caliche15293
Gravel, coarse, to sand, fine; containing soft buff to tan and gray silt and caliche167460
Silt, soft, buff, containing fine to coarse sand6466
Gravel, medium, to sand, medium10476
Silt, soft, buff; contains fine to medium sand, medium gravel, and caliche11487
Gravel, coarse, to sand, coarse; containing caliche13500
Gravel, medium to fine, containing buff to yellow and red silt and caliche8508
Permian redbeds
Clay, silty, brick red12520

43. Log of test hole 43 at NW corner sec. 22, T. 33 S., R. 39 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 3,235 +/- feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine, containing gray silt and a little caliche1010
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Sand, coarse to fine, containing soft buff silt and nodules of caliche818
Silt, soft, buff tan, containing fine to medium sand and caliche220
Sand, coarse to fine, containing soft buff silt and caliche424
Silt, compact, buff; contains fine gravel, fine to coarse sand, and caliche428
Gravel, coarse, to sand, fine; containing soft tan to buff and gray silt3664
Silt, compact, tan, containing coarse to fine sand and gravel and caliche670
Silt, soft, buff and red, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche30100
Silt, soft, gray and tan, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche34134
Sand, medium to fine, and silt, soft, gray4138
Silt, soft, yellow gray and pink, containing fine to coarse sand and caliche5143
Gravel, coarse, to sand, coarse; containing soft buff silt and caliche15158
Silt, white and buff, containing fine to medium sand and caliche13171
Silt, clayey, brown, containing fine to medium sand9180
Silt, soft, buff and tan; contains fine to coarse sand, a little fine gravel near base, and caliche98278
Sand, coarse to fine, interbedded with tan and greenish-yellow silt; containing a little fine gravel and caliche12290
Silt, clayey, compact, blocky, dark tan to greenish yellow, containing fine to medium sand13303
Gravel, fine, to sand, fine5308
Silt, clayey, tan and greenish yellow, containing fine to medium sand4312
Sand, coarse to fine4316
Silt, compact, blocky, tan and greenish yellow, and silt, soft, buff; containing fine to medium sand24340
Sand, coarse to fine, and silt, tan and buff11351
Silt, white to tan, and sand, coarse to fine; consolidated; containing a little fine to coarse gravel9360
Gravel, sand, and clay, varicolored. Gravel consists of water-worn pebbles of sandstone30390
Permian redbeds
Clay, silty, red, containing maroon and light-gray sandstone20410
Sandstone, very fine-grained, soft, maroon red, and clay, silty, pink; containing a little white sandstone in the middle41451
Shale and siltstone; dark red4455

44. Log of test hole 44 at the SE corner sec. 36, T. 34 S., R. 35 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude 2,950 +/- feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine, containing soft gray to gray-black silt55
Sand, medium to fine, red914
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, soft, buff, containing medium to fine sand418
Silt, clayey, green, containing medium to fine sand523
Silt, soft, buff to white, containing medium to fine sand and caliche730
Sand, medium to fine, and silt, soft, buff434
Silt, soft, light gray, containing medium to fine sand438
Sand, coarse to fine2260
Silt, soft, buff to gray white, containing medium to fine sand and caliche1070
Silt, compact, light yellow tan, containing medium to fine sand and caliche2090
Sand, coarse to fine, containing soft buff white silt14104
Silt, clayey, buff, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche2106
Gravel and sand; coarse to fine29135
Silt, soft, buff, containing medium to fine sand and a little gravel10.5145.5
Silt, compact, light tan, containing medium to fine sand and caliche14.5160
Silt, soft, white and buff, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche30190
Silt, clayey, buff and light tan, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche15205
Silt, soft, gray and buff; contains fine to coarse sand, fine gravel, and caliche15.5220.5
Gravel, fine, to sand, medium2.5223
Silt, soft, light brown, containing medium to fine sand and caliche6229
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine; containing caliche23252
Silt, soft, tan, containing medium to fine sand and caliche28280
Sand, coarse to fine20300
Silt, soft, tan, containing fine sand and caliche4304
Silt, soft, light greenish gray and brown, and sand, very fine6310
Silt, soft, white to greenish gray and light gray buff, containing coarse to fine sand and a little caliche50360
Silt, clayey, white to yellow and brown, containing dense blue-white caliche20380
Silt, very soft, gray white and yellow brown, and sand, fine; containing hard white to yellow-brown sandstone and concretions of hard brown siltstone50430
Silt, very soft, gray white and yellow brown, containing concretions of sandy hard brown siltstone38468
Gravel, fine, to sand, medium2470
Silt, very soft, light buff to yellow brown and gray white, containing coarse to very fine sand100570
Silt, soft, gray buff to blue gray, and sand, medium to fine; containing concretions of ironstone20590
Silt, soft, light gray and yellow brown, containing medium to fine sand10600
Silt, very soft, gray buff and yellow brown, containing coarse to find sand and fine gravel20620
Silt, soft, light gray buff, containing medium to fine sand60680
Gravel, fine, to sand, medium8688
Permian redbeds
Silt, blocky, light orange red2690
Silt, clayey, light orange red30720 45. Log of test hole 45 at the SE corner sec. 17, T. 34 S., R. 37 W., drilled by State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1943. Surface altitude, 3,169 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Oscar S. Fent and Thad G. McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth (feet)
Dune sand
Sand, medium to fine, containing a little silt33
Undifferentiated Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits
Silt, containing a little coarse to fine sand36
Silt, clayey, greenish gray, containing medium to fine sand39
Silt, soft, yellow gray, containing fine sand413
Sand, medium to fine, containing red silt316
Silt, compact, red and gray, containing medium to fine sand420
Sand, medium to very fine; contains red silt, white clay, and caliche1535
Silt, clayey, soft, buff, containing fine sand and caliche1550
Sand, fine, to gravel, medium; containing soft buff silt and caliche3787
Silt, compact, buff, containing coarse to fine sand and caliche188
Sand, coarse to medium, and gravel, coarse to fine; containing gray and buff silt and caliche33121
Silt, soft, gray to greenish gray and tan, containing fine to coarse sand and a little gravel and caliche51172
Gravel, medium to fine4176
Silt, soft, yellow gray to white; contains much medium to fine gravel near the top, fine to coarse sand, and much caliche near the base25201
Sand, medium to fine, and silt, soft, gray to tan; containing caliche9210
Silt, soft, gray to light brown and greenish gray; contains fine gravel, fine to coarse sand, and caliche30240
Gravel, fine, to sand, fine; containing soft brown silt and caliche27267
Silt, soft, white to pink brown and buff, containing coarse to fine sand, fine gravel, and caliche103370
Silt, clayey, laminated, blue gray and yellow buff to red brown, containing a little caliche20390
Silt, pink, containing medium to fine sand and caliche40430
Silt, compact, flaky, red brown to brown and gray brown, containing a little caliche100530
Silt, compact, blue gray and brown, containing caliche30560
Silt, compact, brown, containing clay, buff, and caliche20580
Silt, compact, brown, containing caliche21601
Sand, medium, to gravel, fine12613
Silt, soft, gray to buff and pink, containing coarse to fine sand47660
Silt, clayey, pink10670
Silt, clayey, light red and buff17687
Permian redbeds
Siltstone, brick red and white13700
Siltstone, brick red, containing gypsum10710

Logs 1-15 || Logs 16-30 || Logs 31-45 || Logs 46-60

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Grant, Haskell, and Stevens Geohydrology
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Web version May 2002. Original publication date July 1946.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Grant/08_logs.html