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  Ford County Geohydrology

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Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Geology

Ground Water

Formations

Well Records

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

Logs

On the following pages are listed the logs of 80 wells and test holes in Ford County [in township order]. Logs 1-21 are of test holes drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys (fig. 2). Logs 22-80 include logs of test holes drilled by other agencies, logs of water wells (pl. 2), and partial logs of oil tests.

Most of the logs of water wells were obtained from drillers' written records but a few were supplied from memory by well owners. Lithologic terms used in the drillers' logs have been retained. The terms "gyp," "gyp rock," "magnesia," or "magnesia rock" have been used by some drillers in describing the harder cemented beds in the Ogallala formation. Many of the softer unconsolidated beds of the Ogallala have been logged as clay, but in those wells from which cuttings are available for study most of the so-called clay was found to be silt.

T. 25 S. || T. 26 S. || T. 27 S. || T. 28 S. || T. 29 and 30 S.

48. Log of test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Roy Shellheimer farm, in the SW corner SE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 22, T. 27 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, samples studied by W.H. Stanley and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Top soil, sandy loam88
Sand, medium to coarse; contains some gravel816
Dakota formation
Shale, soft, muddy, bluish-gray; contains streaks of sand stained with limonite1430
Shale, soft, muddy, bluish-gray to varicolored; contains yellow limonitic streaks232
Shale, hard, bluish-gray, compact2961
Shale, sandy, red; contains some bluish-gray shale566
Shale, sandy, bluish-gray975

49. Log of test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Roy Shellheimer farm, in the SW corner NW 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 23, T. 27 5., R. 21 W. (Authority, samples studied by W.H. Stanley and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Loam, sandy, brown55
Clay, sandy, gray to white16
Clay, gray; contains some caliche and reworked fragments of Dakota sandstone39
Gravel, medium to coarse413
Dakota formation
Sandstone, fine-grained, bluish-gray; contains some olive-green sandy shale316
Shale, sandy, bluish-gray117
Shale, sandy, bluish-gray; drilled harder724

50. Partial log of oil test of the Olson et al. Company on the S. Fowler farm, in the middle of the SW 1/4 sec. 26, T. 27 S., R. 22 W. Surface altitude, 2,419 feet. (Authority, driller's log.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Sand and shale6565
Pre-Tertiary beds
Rock, red, and shale132197
Sand and shale28225
Sand10235
Shale and shells235470
Rock, red72542
Shale and shells28570
Shale, red60630

51. Log of well (350) of W.H. Cook, in the NE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 27, T. 27 S., R. 22 W. (Authority, owner, from memory.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Soil3030
Clay, yellow2353
Dakota formation (?)
Quicksand, fine, gray (probably sandstone)659
Shale, bluish-gray2180

52. Log of test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Carl Van Riper farm, in the NW 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 15, T. 27 S., R. 23 W. (Authority, Lewis H. Bacon, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Top soil44
Sand
(Static water level, 7.5 feet)
48
Gravel, medium to coarse10.518.5
Clay220.5
Greenhorn limestone (?)
Shale, very hard, dark gray15.536

53. Log of test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Judge Karl Miller farm, in the NW corner SW 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 2, T. 27 S., R. 24 W. Surface altitude, 2,446.6. (Authority, samples studied by W.R. Stanley and H.A. Waite) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil, sandy loam, black55
Clay, sandy, gray49
Sand, medium to coarse, and fine gravel312
Gravel, medium to coarse1022
Ogallala formation
Silt, fine, sandy, gray to white628
Silt, fine, sandy, soft, brown1240
Silt, fine, sandy, soft, brownish-buff and olive-green2060
Silt, fine, sandy, brown; contains some coarse sand161
Sand, fine, and some silt; harder drilling768
Sand, medium to coarse; contains fragments of caliche and pebbles1280
Sand, silty, fine, light buff686
Gravel, medium to coarse; contains some caliche490
Gravel, medium to coarse; contains caliche and some coarse sand; encountered a hard cemented bed at 107 feet19109
Gravel, medium to coarse, and coarse sand; cemented layer from 110-111 feet3112
Gravel, medium to coarse, and some coarse sand; contains water-worn pebbles of Greenhorn limestone and Dakota sandstone; hard cemented layer from 114 to 114.5 feet10122
Silt, fine, sandy; contains some coarse sand and fine gravel16138
Gravel, medium to coarse, and coarse sand; contains some water-worn fragments of Greenhorn limestone and Dakota sandstone, slow drilling from 150 to 154 feet, cemented?18156
Graneros shale
Shale, tough, sticky, compact, argillaceous, gray to black; cuttings came up in soft rubbery chips1.5157.5

54. Log of well (366) at the Kansas Soldiers' Home, Fort Dodge, in the SW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 3, T. 27 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Earl Vance, Engineer in charge.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil22
Clay1012
Sand and gravel1527
Ogallala formation
Clay and "magnesia"1138
Sand, fine1957
Clay360
Sand, fine1070
Clay, sandy878
Sand886
Muck490
Sand and gravel31121
Sand, packed6127
Sand and gravel3130
Clay5135
Sand, coarse19154

55. Log of test hole drilled for the Kansas Power Co. northeast of the new power plant, in the NW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 4, T. 27 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Topsoil33
Sand, coarse, and a little gravel2124
Ogallala formation
"Magnesia," fine sand, and clay832
Sand, fine, packed1850
Clay and "magnesia," hard858
Sand, fine3290
Sand, coarse (medium)25115
Sand, fine, clay, and "magnesia"8123
Sand, coarse17140
Sand, fine, and "magnesia"3143
Sand, coarse, streaked with "magnesia"13156

56. Log of test hole put down for the Kansas Power Co. on the north bank of the Arkansas river, south of the new power plant, in the NW 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 4, T. 27 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Sand, fine22
Sand, coarse, and some gravel1618
Ogallala formation
"Magnesia," fine sand and hard clay7492
Sand, coarse, "magnesia" and clay20112
Gravel and coarse sand, "magnesia" and clay6118
Sand, coarse, "magnesia" and clay4122
Sand, coarse, gravel and clay20142

57. Log of a test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Ernest Martin farm, in the NE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 9, T. 27 S., R. 24 W. (Authority. Tom Stauth, driller, and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil, loam, sandy, black1.51.5
Sand, grading from fine to coarse, iron stained8.510
Sand, medium to coarse515
Sand, fine to coarse, and gravel; contains fragments of Ogallala material2641
Ogallala formation
Sand, fine445
Sand, predominantly fine3075
Sand, fine; contains a few grains of coarser sand1085
Sand, fine; contains a few grains of coarser sand590
Sand, very fine, uniform595
Sand, fine to medium5100
Sand, very fine to medium20120
Sand, fine to medium to coarse; contains some gravel10130
Gravel, fine to medium5135
Gravel, medium to coarse10145
Gravel, medium to coarse; becomes coarser with depth5150
Gravel, predominantly coarse5155

8. Log of test hole 8, at the NE corner sec. 1, T. 27 S., R. 25 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2,469.8 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Fred T. Holden and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil, sandy, brown22
Sand, fine to medium, tan24
Sand and gravel, tan; predominantly medium and coarse sand26
Sand and gravel, gray to tan; predominantly medium sand17
Sand, fine and medium, tan29
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; and medium gravel110
Gravel, coarse, tan1020
Ogallala formation
Clay and silt, sandy, limy; tan-brown with lime nodules and very coarse gravel2747
Sand, tan, and very coarse gravel; contains some pebbles350
Gravel, very coarse, angular1060
Clay, limy, yellow-brown; interbedded with coarse gravel2080
Sand and silty sand; interbedded with gravel and angular fragments of lime and chert31111
Sand and gravel, tan; and flat, water-worn fragments of limestone; poorly sorted49160
Graneros shale
Shale, argillaceous, black14174
Shale, gray6180
Shale, gray with partings of black shale5185
Shale, tan-brown and gray-black6191
Dakota formation
Shale, tan and gray-black; hard layer encountered from 191 to 191.5 feet2193
Shale, sandy, light gray4197
Shale, gray to tan to ochre-colored2199
Shale, light gray and gray black; hard concretionary layer from 206 to 207 feet8207
Shale, black and light gray3210
Shale, light gray and black; very hard layer encountered from 214 to 215 feet20230
Shale, slightly sandy; light gray; 4 feet of core obtained in this interval10240
Shale, gray, mottled with red, brown, and yellow streaks; 6.5 feet of core obtained in this interval10250
Shale, similar to bed above; 4 feet of core obtained10260
Shale, sandy, gray; 2.75 feet of core obtained; drilled hard from 266 to 267 feet (sandstone?)10270
Sandstone, very fine-grained, gray contains streaks of yellow-brown and brown-black fine sand; 1.5 feet of core obtained10280
No returns; drilled medium hard; some light gray, dark gray and yellow-brown clay and silt recovered from drilling mud10290
Shale, variegated, ranging in color from yellow to brown to gray to red and to black0.5290.5
Sandstone, very fine-grained, yellow-brown1.5292
Shale, gray3295
Shale, red and gray1296
No samples4300
Shale, variegated, ranging in color from gray to red to yellow to black10310

58. Log of new city well at Dodge City drilled in 1940, on the south side of the Arkansas river, in the NW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 2, T. 27 S., R. 25 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Clay, sandy1010
Clay616
Sand and gravel (water level, 18 feet)824
Ogallala formation
Clay2145
Sand, medium fine1863
Clay265
Sand, fine873
Clay578
Sand, medium fine280
Sand, clay, "magnesia"686
Sand, medium fine995
Clay398
Sand and gravel7105
Sand, medium fine5110
Sand, clay, and "magnesia"10120
Sand and gravel; contains a few balls of clay and a few cemented streaks on rock45165

9. Log of test hole 9, in the NW corner sec. 6, T. 27 5., R. 25 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2,549.7 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Fred T. Holden and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Silt and fine sand, brown55
Sand, fine and medium, brown and tan712
Sand and gravel, tan-brown; mainly quartz and feldspar1325
Sand and gravel, poorly sorted; contains some tan and gray balls or clay732
Gravel, tan; mainly quartz and feldspar1042
Ogallala formation
Gravel, medium and coarse, tan; mainly quartz and feldspar; contains few beds of sand near top74116
Clay and silt, gray-tan and tan-brown20136
Sand and gravel, tan; predominantly quartz and feldspar; contains some tan clay balls, tan chips of limestone and white nodules of limestone4140
Clay, silt, and sand; tan; contains some nodules of lime13153
Clay and silt, limy, light tan; contains some nodules lime22175
Greenhorn limestone (lower part)
Shale, calcareous, black-gray to brown5180

59. Log of well (393) of Ralph Williams, in the NW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 10, T. 27 S., R. 25 W. Surface altitude 2,540.1 feet. (Authority, Tom Stauth driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Soil1010
Soil, sandy2030
Ogallala formation
Sand, coarse (dry)3060
Clay0.560.5
Gravel, medium to coarse35.596
Clay, white197

60. Log of test hole drilled for The city of Dodge City in the NW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 11, T. 27 S., R. 25 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Sand, fine1313
Sand and gravel (water level, 36 feet)3851
Clay1970
Sand, hard, cemented, and "magnesia"878
Clay583
Sand, medium coarse18101
Clay7108
Sand, fine5113
Clay5118
Sand, fine10128
Clay, "magnesia" and sand17145
Sand, gravel25170
Graneros shale (?)
Shale3173

61. Log of well (402) of W.S. Johnson, in the SW 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 6, T. 27 S., R. 26 W. (Authority, owner, from memory; samples from 180-230 feet examined by H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil (hardpan)1212
Sand, fine, brown4860
Ogallala formation
"Magnesia," white1070
Rock, "magnesia," white30100
Gravel7107
Rock, "magnesia," white3110
Gravel; a tooth taken from a depth of 113 feet has been identified by C.W. Hibbard as a right molar of Pliohippus cf. interpolatus4114
Hardpan and fine sand3117
Sand, fine, (quicksand)5122
Clay; contains streaks of sand and interbedded hard cemented layers58180
Greenhorn limestone
Limestone, hard, yellow to white; larger fragments contain impressions of Inoceramus labiatus; interbedded with yellow to white chalky shale30210
"Shell" rock, hard, white, similar to bed above20230
Graneros shale (?)
Shale, soft, compact, bluish-black-230

T. 25 S. || T. 26 S. || T. 27 S. || T. 28 S. || T. 29 and 30 S.

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Ford Geohydrology
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version April 2002. Original publication date Dec. 1942.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Ford/08_logs.html