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  Ford County Geohydrology

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Table of Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Geology

Ground Water

Formations

Well Records

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

Logs

On the following pages are listed the logs of 80 wells and test holes in Ford County [in township order]. Logs 1-21 are of test holes drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys (fig. 2). Logs 22-80 include logs of test holes drilled by other agencies, logs of water wells (pl. 2), and partial logs of oil tests.

Most of the logs of water wells were obtained from drillers' written records but a few were supplied from memory by well owners. Lithologic terms used in the drillers' logs have been retained. The terms "gyp," "gyp rock," "magnesia," or "magnesia rock" have been used by some drillers in describing the harder cemented beds in the Ogallala formation. Many of the softer unconsolidated beds of the Ogallala have been logged as clay, but in those wells from which cuttings are available for study most of the so-called clay was found to be silt.

T. 25 S. || T. 26 S. || T. 27 S. || T. 28 S. || T. 29 and 30 S.

28. Log of test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Harry Froetschner farm, in the SW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 1, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, Lewis H. Bacon, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Top soil and clay1414
Sand, fine317
Gravel, fine, dry522
Gravel, medium to coarse426
Clay, sandy, yellow; and coarse gravel1945
Dakota formation
Sandstone, soft2570
Shale, jointed, blue1585
Sandstone; very hard drilling--
Shale, blue15100
Sandstone, hard, yellow; very hard drilling26126

2. Log of test hole 2, 100 feet south of NW corner sec. 6, T. 26 S., R. 21 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,385.1 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Road fill33
Silt, brown36
Silt, fine, sandy, brown with a slight reddish cast28
Silt, gritty, light gray, and caliche311
Silt, gray-green, fairly soft314
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, soft, gray and cream colored1731
Greenhorn limestone
Shale, calcareous, white, some yellow-brown in color536
Shale, fine, sandy, calcareous, yellow to gray; hard limestone bed 0.5 foot thick at top440
Shale, fine sandy, calcareous, brown545
Shale, calcareous, blue gray to dark gray; drilled fairly hard752
Shale, calcareous bluish-gray254
Shale, calcareous, sandy, gray-black, hard; alternating with thin beds of black shale660
Shale, calcareous, bluish-gray; drilled fairly hard1070
Graneros shale
Shale, argillaceous, bluish gray to black; drilled fairly hard1585
Shale, argillaceous, soft, blue-gray to light gray186
Shale, soft, black; drilled easily288
Shale, gritty, light gray; drilled harder than bed above492
Shale, black; contains fragments of bentonite17109
Dakota formation
Shale, clayey, gray to white7116
Sandstone, fine-grained, gray1117
Shale, sandy, gray to white, soft and sticky7124
Shale, clayey, variegated, brown, gray, and maroon1125
Shale, clayey, variegated, mostly brown2127
Shale, sandy, gray to white3130
Shale, clayey, variegated4134
Sandstone, fine-grained, saccharoidal, light-gray6140

29. Log of test hole drilled by the Soil Conservation Service on the Anna Quasebarth farm, in the NE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 12, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, Lewis H. Bacon, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Topsoil66
Sand, fine5.511.5
Gravel, fine to medium to coarse; contains balls of clay617.5
Clay, contains some gravel34.552
Dakota formation
Sandstone, soft961
Gravel, fine to medium (water-bearing)1071
Sandstone, soft, bluish gray2192
Gravel, fine to medium10102
Clay, yellow; contains some gravel, hard brown sandstone, and blue clay18120
Sandstone, brown6126

30. Log of test hole drilled by the Soil Conservation Service on the Herman Wetzel farm, near the NW corner SW 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 13, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, Lewis H. Bacon, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Topsoil66
Sand and gravel (static water level, 11.5 feet)1218
Clay and some gravel927
Clay balls and gravel, tight1138
Dakota formation (?)
Clay, gray and light blue (shale)745

31. Log of test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Grover Fields farm, in the NW corner SW 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 13, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, Lewis H. Bacon, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Top soil4.54.5
Sand2.57
Gravel, fine and clay4.511.5
Gravel medium; and soft silty clay1.513
Clay, contains some gravel (may be Ogallala formation in lower part)4457
Dakota formation
Clay, solid but rather soft, yellow (shale)360
Sandstone, dark brown565

32. Log of well (98) of Henry Hattrup, in the SE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 23, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, owner, from memory.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Top soil33
Sand, fine and dry25
Gravel, dry510
Gravel, medium to coarse; water-bearing717
Clay, sandy, fine219
Gravel1029

33. Log of test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Leo Hattrup farm, in the NW 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 23, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, Lewis H. Bacon, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Top soil and clay1313
Sand, fine316
Gravel, fine218
Gravel, medium1735
Dakota formation (?)
Clay, very sandy, reddish2560
Clay, very sandy, bright yellow1373
Sandstone, soft; artesian flow in this interval2396
Shale, gray and light blue6102

34. Log of test hole drilled by the Soil Conservation Service on the Harry Speck farm, in the NE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 24, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, Lewis H. Bacon, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Top soil and fine sand33
Sand, fine58
Sand and medium to fine gravel816
Gravel, medium to coarse; slight trace of yellow clay218
Clay927
Sand, fine1037
Dakota formation
Clay, yellow441
Shale, blue849
Sandstone, light gray352
Clay, fine, sandy860
Shale, blue, and fine sandy clay363
Sandstone, hard366
Sandstone, soft, and fine sand874
Sandstone, soft, dense; contains sharp fine gravel near the top52126
Sandstone; contains some sharp sandy gravel and a little gray shale4130
Sandstone and sharp, coarse gravel1131
Shale, bluish-gray3134

35. Log of test hole drilled for the Soil Conservation Service on the Otto Kurth farm, in the SE 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 24, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, Lewis H. Bacon, Soil Conservation Service.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Topsoil44
Sand, fine48
Sand, fine to medium715
Gravel, fine116
Sand, fine to medium; and some gray clay723
Gravel, fine; and trace of clay427
Gravel, good water-bearing; and yellow clay330
Dakota formation
Clay, yellow, changing to bright yellow with depth; contains 2-inch bed of sandstone at base3161
Sandstone; water flowed from the top of the hole from a depth of 63 feet465
Sandstone, soft, yellowish-brown; artesian flow increased in magnitude at a depth of 67 feet2085
Sandstone, slightly harder than bed above691
Sandstone, hard, in layers; very hard layer at 94 feet; contains some gray shale; flow mudded off at this depth697
Shale, bluish-gray; and yellow sandy clay-shale18115
Shale, sandy, clayey, reddish and blue; changes to yellowish sandy clay9124
Sandstone, hard; slight artesian flow1125

36. Log of well (100) of Leonard Dinkela, in the SW 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 31, T. 26 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, owner, from memory.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Soil55
Sand, reddish-brown; contains white limy pebbles (water at 42 feet)3742
Rock, lime rock0.542.5
Clay, white17.560
Dakota formation
Shale, blue to slate-colored70130
Clay, "rainbow," red, white, maroon (varicolored)10140
Shale, blue50190

3. Log of test hole 3,100 feet south of the NW corner sec. 6, T. 26 S., R. 22 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,434.0 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Road fill22
Silt, soft, light brown68
Silt, fine, sandy, light brown; contains a small amount of lime412
Silt, limy, soft, light gray to white; contains caliche and gravel intermixed820
Silt, limy, gray to buff; contains coarse sand and gravel, and a few fragments of limestone (Greenhorn)222
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, light brown; cuttings contained well-preserved specimen of Biorbia rugosa224
Greenhorn limestone
Shale, fine, sandy, calcareous, yellow933
Shale, hard, calcareous, gray, variegated in part; contains a few limonitic streaks1548
Shale, clayey, dark bluish-gray; contains rusty-brown sandy streaks; gummy, drilled fairly hard250

37. Log of domestic well on the Ben Lampe farm, in the SE corner sec. 14, T. 26 S., R. 22 W. (Authority, owner, from memory.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Soil33
Clay, brown; contains white streaks; becomes sandy with depth. (Some water at 18 feet)6770
Dakota formation
Sandrock676
"Soapstone," variegated clay containing red, yellow, and blue streaks26102

38. Log of test hole drilled on the Wm. G. Duesing farm, near the center of the SE 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 23, T. 26 S., R. 22 W. (Authority, samples studied by H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Soil55
Clay, brown510
Clay, brown; contains limy nodules1020
Clay, silty, reddish-brown525
Clay, limy, brown; contains some sand530
Clay, limy; contains some cemented clay and some sand and gravel (water at 39 feet)939
Dakota formation
Shale, varicolored, yellow to light gray, streaked241
Shale, bluish-gray1455

4. Log of test hole 4, 50 feet NW of SE corner sec. 20, T. 26 S., R. 23 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,481.6 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Top soil, silty loam, brown77
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, light brown, contains caliche; drilled harder from 11 to 18 feet1118
Silt, limy, light gray to almost white; contains some caliche1230
Silt, limy, white; contains some caliche535
Sand, fine, soft, orange-brown to yellow237
Sand, cemented, brown, fairly hard946
Sand, fine, to coarse gravel, dirty; contains admixture of silt1056
Sand, fine, to fine gravel, contains some fine sandy silt258
Silt, fine, sandy, brown; to fine, gray, limy silt; contains sand and gravel967
Dakota formation
Shale, clayey, fine, sandy, yellowish-green, contains interbedded yellow, green, and gray, soft sandstone370
Sandstone, fine-grained, soft, light gray171
Shale and sandy clay, variegated, gray to orange-yellow475

39. Log of test hole drilled on the east side of Ford County Lake southeast of the Ford County Farm, in the NE 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 2, T. 26 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Jos. F. Bauer, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
"Gyp rock," white, sandy1818
"Gyp rock" and yellow clay4260
Graneros shale (?)
Shale, black2585
Dakota formation (?)
Sandstone, fine, shelly; bit came up clean893

40. Log of well (129) of H.D. Buell, in the NE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 2, T. 26 S., R. 24 W. Surface altitude, 2,507 feet. (Authority, owner.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Soil and clay2525
"Gyp" rock4368
Dakota formation
Sandstone (drilled easily)1684
Shale, variegated (soapy and hard drilling at bottom)40124

5. Log of test hole 5, 125 feet east of NW corner sec. 6, T. 26 5., R. 24 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,513.0 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Roadfill33
Silt, light brown, limy, and caliche710
Silt, fine sandy, brown212
Silt, light gray, limy, and caliche315
Silt, sandy, limy, brown, and caliche520
Silt, sandy, brown121
Sand, brown, and limy conglomerate; drilled fairly hard425
Sand, medium to gravel, coarse; contains a few pebbles429
Silt, fine, sandy, brown231
Silt, light gray, limy, and caliche233
Silt, fine, sandy, brown, contains some lime336
Silt, limy, light gray to white, and caliche541
Sand, silty, limy, gray to white, and caliche1.542.5
Caliche, light gray, and silt, limy2.545
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, greenish-gray954
Sand, silty, fine, limy, light gray to white1266
Sand, silty, limy, gray to buff; contains some caliche1076
Sand, medium; contains some lime1187
Silt, greenish-gray, and clay, hard; drilled fairly hard693
Clay, gray to red to yellow-brown396
Graneros shale
Shale, argillaceous, bluish-gray to black, sticky14110

41. Log of well (195) at the roundhouse of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company at Dodge City, drilled in 1900, in the SW corner SW 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 25, T. 26 S., R. 25 W. (Authority, A.M. Truman, division engineer, Dodge City.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Loam and clay. (First water level at 18 feet; second water level at 20 feet)2222
Sand and gravel (Arkansas River bed)1739
Ogallala formation
Clay1756
Sand, streaked with clay864
Clay266
Sand571
Clay475
Sand1085
Clay792
Sand799
Clay3102
Sand, streaked with clay (second water)0.8122.8
Sand and gravel, coarse (third water)21143.8

42. Log of test hole drilled about 1910, in the SE corner SW 1/4 sec. 26, T. 26 S., R. 25 W., 300 feet east of waterworks and ice plant at Dodge City, Kansas (a). (Authority, Oscar Johnson, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil, sandy loam33
Sand, water2730
Ogallala formation
Clay, yellow, soft, impermeable1040
Sand, water-bearing4080
Clay, yellow, and sand1090
Sand, fine, resembles quicksand (water)60150
Gravel, coarse, clean (strong water)10160
Graneros shale (?)
Clay, mucky, sticky, black, impermeable20180
Shale, black40220
Dakota formation (?)
Sand and sandrock, yellow; contains 8 to 10 inches of coal at base20240
Sandrock, white (water)15255
Sandstone, dark10265
Clay, mucky, black10275
Rock, red10285
Rock, red40325
Sandrock, gray10335
Shale, yellow20355
Rock, red70425
a. It is reported that this test hole was drilled to a depth of 980 feet, and that a flow of salt water was encountered at a depth of 680 feet sufficiently strong to lift the drilling tools.

6. Log of test hole 6, in the SE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 28, T. 26 S., R. 25 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2,502.6 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Fred T. Holden and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil, brown, sandy33
Silt, tan-brown, sandy; contains some lime69
Silt, tan, and fine sand to coarse gravel211
Silt, brown, limy718
Silt, gray and brown, limy220
Sand and gravel, tan, coarse; mainly quartz and feldspar828
Ogallala formation
Silt, sandy, limy, reddish-brown230
Gravel, tan; mainly quartz and feldspar131
Clay and silt, tan, limy435
Clay, light tan and tan-brown; silt, and caliche1651
Clay, light tan and tan-brown, sandy; silt, and caliche556
Clay, dark tan; and silt258
Clay, light tan, limy; and silt; contains thin layers of caliche664
Sand and gravel, tan; interbedded with thin layers of limy clay, silt and caliche367
Clay and silt, tan-brown and cream colored; contains caliche1077
Clay and silt, tan, very sandy; interbedded with thin layers of tan sand25102
Sand, fine, tan, to coarse gravel; contains water-worn chips of limestone5107
Clay, sandy, drab tan; silt, and caliche3110
Sand, fine, quartz, tan, to coarse gravel; contains some balls of clay6116
Clay and silt, sandy, tan; contains water-worn chips of limestone10126
Sand and gravel, quartz, tan; contains water-worn chips of limestone32158
Sand and gravel, quartz, tan; contains fragments of caliche and rounded water-worn chips of limestone3161
Same as bed above; contains balls of tan silt12173
Clay, whitish-gray5178
Greenhorn limestone (lower part)
Shale, calcareous, brownish-black2180
Shale, calcareous, light gray and pink-gray10190

43. Log of well (248) of John Clark, in the SW corner sec. 33, T. 26 S., R. 25 W. (Authority, owner, from memory.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Top soil12.512.5
Sand (water at 14 feet)1.514
Gravel, medium721
Sand, coarse728
Ogallala formation
Sand, fine, resembles quicksand4270
Clay, yellow575
Sand, and interbedded layers of cement rock52127
Rock, hard, cemented, white0.5127.5
Gravel, coarse, water38.5166

44. Log of domestic well of A.J. Kline on the south side of the Arkansas river at Dodge City, in the NE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 34, T. 26 S., R. 25 W. (Authority, Tom Stauth, driller.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil33
Sand, dry, mealy47
Gravel411
Clay213
Gravel417
Clay118
Gravel, water-bearing422
Clay, streak325
Sand, water-bearing429
Ogallala formation
Clay6190
Gravel, good12102
Quicksand2104
Gravel, good water-bearing size13117
Rock, hard1118

45. Log of abandoned city well (west well) in Wright Park at Dodge City in the NE 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 35, T. 26 5., R. 25 W. (Authority, Rex Reynolds, water superintendent.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Sand2424
Clay832
Ogallala formation
Sand1244
Sandy clay2771
Clay1990
Sand797
Clay8105
Gravel3108
Hardpan2110
Gravel (second water gravel)25135

46. Log of city well (273) at Dodge City, in the SW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 35, T. 26 S., R. 25 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Sand, fine88
Sand and gravel2836
Ogallala formation
Rock with streaks of fine sand743
Clay346
Sand551
Clay758
Sand, fine1876
Clay783
Sand and gravel64147

7. Log of test hole 7, at the SE corner sec. 17, T. 26 S., R. 26 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2544.0 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Fred T. Holden and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Alluvium
Soil, brown33
Sand and gravel, tan; mainly quartz and feldspar2427
Ogallala formation
Clay and silt, tan1542
Silt, tan, and sand, quartz1153
Silt, tan, and sand, quartz; contains balls of white limy clay659
Clay and silt, pink-brown to yellow-brown; contains lumps of white, limy clay and nodules of lime968
Lime nodules, white, tan-brown; silt, and tan sand (typical "mortar bed")573
Clay and silt, brown and tan477
Clay and silt, brown and tan; and sand, fine to medium, quartz, tan178
Clay, sandy and silt; yellow-tan755
Clay and silt, yellow-tan, soft; and sand, fine, tan893
Clay and silt, limy, tan396
Sand and gravel, quartz, tan; contains balls of tan silt21117
Clay, sandy and silt; light tan4121
Clay, sandy and silt; light tan, tan and brown14135
Clay, sandy and silt; light tan, tan and brown; and some tan and white quartz gravel and scattered water-worn chips of limestone5140
Sand, quartz, tan and white; contains water-worn chips of limestone6146
Gravel, quartz, tan; contains water-worn chips of limestone24170
Sand, quartz, tan; contains water-worn chips of limestone4174
Greenhorn limestone (lower part)
Shale, calcareous, gray black16190

47. Log of test hole of Arthur Adams, in the SW 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 2, T. 26 S., R. 27 W., Gray County. (Authority, owner.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Ogallala formation
Soil, etc.8585
Rock691
Sand, dry697
"Gyp" and sand15112
Sand, fine, some gravel53165
"Gyp"5170
Sand and gyp30200
Sand with water5205
"Gyp" and sand25230
Sand, medium to coarse19249
Rock1250
Sand, medium to coarse15265
"Gyp"5270
Clay5275
Rock11286

T. 25 S. || T. 26 S. || T. 27 S. || T. 28 S. || T. 29 and 30 S.

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Ford Geohydrology
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version April 2002. Original publication date Dec. 1942.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Ford/08_logs.html