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  Ford County Geohydrology

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Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Geology

Ground Water

Formations

Well Records

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

Logs

On the following pages are listed the logs of 80 wells and test holes in Ford County [in township order]. Logs 1-21 are of test holes drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys (fig. 2). Logs 22-80 include logs of test holes drilled by other agencies, logs of water wells (pl. 2), and partial logs of oil tests.

Most of the logs of water wells were obtained from drillers' written records but a few were supplied from memory by well owners. Lithologic terms used in the drillers' logs have been retained. The terms "gyp," "gyp rock," "magnesia," or "magnesia rock" have been used by some drillers in describing the harder cemented beds in the Ogallala formation. Many of the softer unconsolidated beds of the Ogallala have been logged as clay, but in those wells from which cuttings are available for study most of the so-called clay was found to be silt.

T. 25 S. || T. 26 S. || T. 27 S. || T. 28 S. || T. 29 and 30 S.

70. Log of city well (467) at Bucklin, in the SW 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 5, T. 29 S., R. 21 W. (Authority, J.E. Devore, city clerk) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Clay, brown8787
Sand20.5107.5
Ogallala formation
Sand and gravel; contains a layer of clay near the top17.5125

71. Partial log of oil test drilled on the Elizabeth Everett farm, in the center of NE 1/4 sec. 22, T. 29 5., R. 21 W. Altitude, 2,418 feet. (Authority, driller's log.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Surface and clay4646
Clay64110
Ogallala formation
Sand and gravel10120
Sand, water81201
Sand and gravel59260
Kiowa shale (?)
Shale, sticky80340

14. Log of test hole 14, 125 feet E. of SW corner sec. 33, T. 29 S., R. 21 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,400.5 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil, silty, brown22
Soil, clayey, silty, sticky, brown911
Silt, brown516
Silt, limy, yellowish-brown; contains nodules of lime723
Silt, limy, yellowish-brown528
Silt, fine, sandy, light brown; fairly hard drilling432
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, light brown739
Silt, limy, light gray; contains streaks of lime948
Silt, fine, sandy, red-brown; drilled fairly hard250
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, gray and brown, contains nodules of lime; drilled easily1767
Silt, fine, sandy, red-brown875
Ogallala formation
Sand, fine, to fine gravel; brown; contains some gravel and fragments of lime378
Silt, fine, sandy, red-brown; contains fragments of lime280
Silt, fine, sandy; limy silt; and caliche585
Silt, limy, red-brown; contains fragments of lime15100
Sand, fine to coarse; contains soft white fragments of lime4104
Silt, limy, gray; contains fragments of lime and coarse sand4108
Sand, fine to fine gravel, brown4112
Sand, gravel and caliche in alternating beds; drilled easily except for a few hard layers19131
Gravel, fine to coarse; hard drilling from 135-136 feet5136
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, light brown to gray; contains some fine sand and pebbles10146
Sand, fine, brown, uniform; contains some silt3149
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, light brown to gray; drilled alternately hard and soft11160
Silt, fine, sandy, soft, yellow brown to white to olive-green to gray; contains limy streaks3163
Dakota formation
Shale, clayey, soft, variegated, red to yellow to green to gray; drilled fairly hard17180

72. Log of test hole drilled for the Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, in the NE corner sec. 9, T. 29 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Soil44
Clay and "magnesia"4650
Sand, coarse55
Clay, "magnesia," and sand3590
Sand, coarse494
Ogallala formation
Clay, sandy11105
Sand, coarse5110
"Magnesia," sandy47157
Sand, very fine3160
Dakota formation (?)
Shale, hard, blue103263

73. Log of test hole drilled for the Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, in the NE corner sec. 17, T. 29 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Soil44
Clay, sandy, and "magnesia"101105
Sand, coarse5110
Ogallala formation
Clay, sandy18128
Sand, coarse4132
"Magnesia"8140

74. Log of well (482) at Booster Station No. 3, of the Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, in the NE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 17, T. 29 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Soil and yellow clay5757
Ogallala formation
"Magnesia" and sandy clay1976
Clay and "magnesia" rock1187
"Magnesia" rock and cemented sand390
Sand and gravel, cemented393
Sand and gravel598
"Magnesia" and gravel6104
Sand rock and gravel8112
Sand and gravel, mucky10122
Sand rock2124
Sand and gravel, cemented7131
Sand and gravel8139
Dakota formation
Shale, blue, containing few streaks of sand131270

75. Log of well (483) at Booster Station on No. 3, of the Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, in the NE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 17, T. 29 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Soil22
Clay, yellow5153
Ogallala formation
Clay and "magnesia"2174
"Magnesia" rock and sandy clay1387
"Magnesia" rock390
Sand and gravel, cemented393
Sand and gravel598
Sand rock, hard6104
"Magnesia" rock and gravel8112
Sand and gravel, mushy10122
Sand rock, hard2124
Sand and gravel, cemented7131
Clay and "magnesia"2133

76. Log of test hole drilled for the Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, near the SW corner of the NW 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 17, T. 29 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Soil33
Clay, sand and "magnesia"8790
Coarse sand10100
Ogallala formation
"Magnesia"15115
Sand, coarse, and some gravel22137
"Magnesia," sandy13150
Dakota formation
Clay, hard red15165
Shale, hard blue136301

77. Log of test hole drilled for the Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, in the NE corner sec. 21, T. 29 S., R. 24 W. (Authority, Layne-Western Co., drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Soil55
Clay, sand, and "magnesia106111
Ogallala formation
Sand, coarse, and some gravel10121
"Magnesia" rock7128
Sand, coarse, and some gravel12140
Sand, hard, cemented3143
Sand, coarse, and some gravel12155
Clay, white16171
Clay, yellow, sandy12182
"Magnesia," sandy37219
Dakota formation (?)
Shale, blue5224
Shale, hard, blue43267

16. Log of test hole 16, in the NE corner sec. 1, T. 29 S., R. 25 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,578.8 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil, silty, brown55
Silt, light brown; contains nodules of lime3540
Silt, fine, sandy, brown646
Silt, limy, light brown1864
Silt, limy, gritty, gray to brown670
Silt, fine, sandy, brown676
Silt, limy, light brown to gray; contains nodules of lime682
Silt, limy, light brown; contains nodules of lime; hard drilling from 103 to 104 feet22104
Silt, fine, sandy, olive green to brown; contains some soft white lime; streaked with yellow fine sand and some gravel10114
Ogallala formation
Gravel, medium to coarse; composed mainly of quartz, granite, and feldspar; contains some sand and a few pebbles8122
Sand, medium to coarse, light gray; contains some pebbles and some white fragments of lime6128
Silt, fine, sandy, brown; contains fragments of lime12140
Silt, fine, sandy, brown; contains some limy silt6146
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains some silt and fragments of caliche1147
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, brown and gray11158
Gravel, medium to coarse; and brown; silt, poorly sorted4162
Sand, fine, brown; and silt4166
Gravel, medium to coarse, dirty; and some silt5171
Silt, fine, sandy, reddish-brown; contains sand and gravel and some fragments of caliche19190
Sand, fine, brown; and silt, limy, gray10200
Silt, fine sandy, gray to reddish-brown, limy; contains a hard cemented bed of caliche from 211 to 211.5 feet20220
Silt, fine, sandy, gray to yellowish-brown; fairly hard8228
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, greenish-gray to buff3231
Silt, fine, sandy, brown; and caliche19250
Dakota formation
Shale, clayey, yellowish-brown to red; contains many fragments of hard, maroon-red sandstone; drilled very hard5255
Shale, soft, variegated; gray to green to red to brown to yellow; drilled hard5260

17. Log of test hole 17, in the SE corner sec. 36, T. 29 S., R. 25 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2,566.3 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil, sandy clay, brown77
Silt, soft, light brown; contains nodules of lime1219
Silt, cream to light brown; contains a few nodules of lime726
Silt, brown to gray935
Silt, fine, sandy, brown; contains gravel and some nodules of lime338
Silt, fine, sandy, reddish-brown; contains a few pebbles and fragments of lime near the base3573
Ogallala formation
Gravel, poorly sorted; contains quartz, granite and feldspar; some pebbles 1/2 inch in diameter1285
Silt, brown; contains some fine to coarse sand287
Silt, limy, gray, reddish-brown; and silt13100
Silt, fine, sandy, brown; contains a few grains of sand7107
Sand, hard, lime-cemented; silty sand; limy silt; and a few fragments of chert; drilled fairly hard4111
Silt, limy, soft, light gray14125
Silt, limy, light gray; contains beds of cemented caliche8133
Dakota formation
Shale, sandy, varicolored-ranging from yellow to gray to brick-red and blue-gray; contains some scattered fragments of Greenhorn limestone; drilled hard7140
Shale, clayey, hard, yellow and gray10150

18. Log of test hole 18, in the NW corner sec. 1, T. 29 S., R. 26 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2,635.3 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil, sandy, light brown1.51.5
Silt, dark tan, soft; contains fragments of lime31.533
Silt, light tan; contains nodules of lime3265
Sand, fine, and sandy silt, reddish-brown; contains fragments of lime that increase in number with depth1580
Silt, sandy, light grayish-brown; contains a little coarse sand and gravel1090
Silt, sandy, gray to brown; contains a little sand and gravel14104
Ogallala formation
Gravel, medium to coarse, brown; fairly well sorted; predominantly quartz but contains some granite15119
Sand, fine, and limy silt; yellowish-brown; contains a few pebbles6125
Gravel, coarse, brown; contains considerable sand and a few dark pebbles15140
Silt, sandy, light brown, lime-cemented11151
Silt, limy, cream to light gray; drilled hard9160
Sand, silty, white, lime-cemented; contains some fine gravel14174
Silt, sandy, soft, yellowish; and limy silt; contains some sand, fine to medium brown12186
Greenhorn limestone (lower part)
Shale, clay, dark gray to black, soft calcareous; drilled alternately hard and soft4190
Shale, clay, dark gray; contains fragments of limestone, drilled very hard1191

78. Log of well (507) of Joseph Lutz, in the NE 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 15, T. 29 S., R. 26 W. Surface altitude, 2,556.2 feet. (Authority, Lee and McCauley, drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Soil33
Clay2528
Sand, medium to coarse, dry1543
Ogallala formation (?)
Sandstone, hard750
Sand, coarse, water-bearing70120
Gravel, fine, and coarse sand; becomes coarser with depth to coarse gravel29149
Dakota formation (?)
Sandstone, hard, white25174

79. Log of well (510) of George Lutz, in the SW 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 24, T. 29 S., R. 26 W. Surface altitude, 2540.4 feet. (Authority, Lee and McCauley, drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Clay108108
Ogallala formation
Gravel, fine, water-bearing15123
Clay50173
Gravel, coarse, water-bearing37210
Dakota formation (?)
Hard layer at-210

19. Log of test hole 19, in the SW corner sec. 27, T. 29 S., R. 26 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2,514.0 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil, sandy22
Silt and clay, brown1214
Clay balls, silty, gray; containing yellow streaks1428
Clay balls, silty, very light gray; containing yellow streaks735
Clay, silty, brown to greenish-gray; contains grains of sand and lime439
Gravel, fine; and sand, coarse, brown241
Gravel, fine to coarse, brown; predominantly coarse445
Gravel, coarse; contains balls of gray clay449
Clay balls silty, gray and brown857
Clay balls, silty, blue-gray61118
Ogallala formation
Silt, limy, hard, light gray; contains fragments of caliche3121
Sand, fine; and caliche, reddish-brown4125
Silt, limy, and fine sand, cemented; gray to brown; contains fragments of lime7132
Sand, coarse and gravel, fine; brown; contains red sand13145
Gravel, fine to medium, poorly sorted; contains fragments of granite and feldspar5150
Gravel, medium, brown; some fine gravel contains pebbles of quartz and red granite5155
Gravel, coarse, brown; contains pebbles of quartz and pink granite9164
Sand, fine, silty, limy, light gray3167
Caliche and limy silt3170
Sand, silty, lime-cemented, light gray to tan20190
Sand, silty, cemented, medium to coarse7197
Sand, fine to medium quartz, cemented9206
Silt, soft, limy; and cemented fine sand4210
Dakota formation
Clay, soft, silty, yellow; having white streaks; contains dark gray partings of shale6216
Sandstone, fine-grained, soft, brown to purple; drilled easily7223
Sandstone, hard, maroon to purple; sample return very poor in this interval-no recovery on an attempted coring7230
Shale, soft, clay, red to brown to gray, mottled; upper 4 feet drilled easier than lower part9239
Gravel, coarse, fairly uniform11250
Shale, soft, clayey, variegated red to maroon to yellow to gray8258
Shale, sandy, soft, variegated, mostly gray8266
Kiowa shale
Shale, sandy, soft, blue-gray7273
Shale, soft, blue-gray, somewhat platy, contains some partings of maroon to red shale17290
Shale, soft, blue-gray; somewhat harder than bed above; contains some fragments of red silty clay, and thin bed of limestone 1/2-foot thick at base13.5303.5
Shale, silty and sandy, blue-gray; interbedded with variegated clay shale and coarse sand6.5310
Cheyenne sandstone (?)
Shale, silty, blue-gray; contains some lenses of sandstone throughout, some fragments of reddish-yellow soft clay-shale in the lower 10 feet of this interval, and thin layers of hard sandstone from 348 to 350 feet40350
Shale, silty, blue-gray, interbedded with thin layers of sandstone30380

20. Log of test hole 20, in the NW corner sec. 32, T. 29 S., R. 26 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2,545.5 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil, sandy, clay, brown44
Silt, limy, light-brown1721
Silt, limy, gray; contains nodules of lime1031
Silt, sandy, brown to olive-green1546
Sand, fine to medium, brown; interbedded with olive-green limy silt and small fragments of lime450
Silt, fine, sandy, brown to gray1565
Silt, limy, light gray to brown1176
Silt, limy, brown and gray; contains some coarse sand884
Silt, sandy, brown; contains some fine to coarse gravel690
Ogallala formation
Gravel, medium to coarse; very poorly sorted; contains some water-worn fragments of limestone; gravel contains pebbles of quartz and granite18108
Sand, medium to fine gravel, and sandy silt, brown; contains considerable lime throughout; drilled alternately hard and soft12120
Sand, fine, uniform, brown10130
Gravel, medium to coarse; contains some sand30160
Sand, medium, brown, to coarse gravel13173
Silt, limy, brown; contains some medium sand and a few pebbles3176
Sand, medium, brown, to coarse gravel6182
Silt, sandy, limy, brown; contains some medium to coarse sand8190
Silt, fine; sandy, brown; contains some pebbles15205
Dakota formation
Shale, silty, clayey, soft, bluish-gray, contains a few yellow streaks; somewhat harder drilling from 220 to 260 feet55260

80. Log of well (522) of William Long, in the SE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 35, T, 29 S., R. 26 W. Surface altitude, 2,530.3 feet. (Authority, Lee and McCauley, drillers.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Soil33
Clay4245
Sand, medium to coarse, clean1055
Ogallala formation
Sand, medium to coarse; contains some clay and caliche1065
Sand, medium to coarse, clean1075
Clay, chiefly blue, sand red, some sandy41116
Gravel, fine, and coarse sand9125
Sand, medium to coarse, reddish, becoming coarser with depth43168
Sand, bluish, becoming coarser with depth to fine and medium gravel7175
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a few large pebbles and boulders13188
Dakota formation (?)
Shale or clay, red and blue1189

21. Log of test hole 21, in the NW corner sec. 36, T. 29 S., R. 26 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1939. Surface altitude, 2,535.0 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil, sandy, light brown2.52.5
Silt, sandy, light brown3.56
Silt, soft, light brown; a few coarse grains of sand; somewhat sandier from 20 to 59 feet5359
Sand, fine to medium, brown766
Silt, gray975
Silt and fine sand, blue-gray to brown580
Silt, fine sandy, light gray to brown989
Ogallala formation
Sand, coarse, gray-tan; contains a few nodules of lime695
Silt, sandy, gray-tan; contains lime nodules5100
Sand, fine to coarse, gray-tan8108
Silt, fine sandy, dark gray to buff24132
Sand, coarse, and fine gravel, dark gray; contains balls of clay, and a few broken pebbles and fragments of limestone3135
Sand, coarse, and fine gravel, dark gray; contains many balls of clay3138
Silt and fine sand, gray-brown; contains pebbles of caliche13151
Sand, coarse, and gravel, fine; gray; intermixed with gray to brown silt6157
Silt, sandy, and fine sand, light gray7164
Sand, coarse to medium gravel, brownish-gray6170
Sand, coarse to coarse gravel, tan; intermixed with sandy silt5175
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains some well-rounded pebbles intermixed with silt5180
Gravel, fine to coarse, brown, poorly sorted, contains water-worn fragments of lime12192
Dakota formation
Sandstone, fine to medium-grained, reddish-purple3195
Sandstone, limonitic, yellow to gray; interbedded with clay shale5200

15. Log of test hole 15, in the NE corner sec. 1, T. 30 S., R. 23 W., drilled by the State and Federal Geological Surveys, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,473.5 feet. (Authority, samples studied by Perry McNally and H.A. Waite.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Kingsdown silt
Top soil, silty loam, dark brown22
Silt, brown68
Silt, fine, sandy, brown; contains nodules of lime1220
Silt, fine, sandy, limy, light brown to gray; contains a few nodules of lime7090
Silt, fine, sandy, limy; contains limonitic streaks, fragments of lime, sand, and gravel12102
Silt, fine, sandy, gray to brown6108
Ogallala formation
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains pebbles of quartz, granite feldspar, and caliche19127
Silt, fine, sandy; and fine sand, orange-brown and gray2129
Sand, fine, gray; contains some coarse gravel, and a soft layer of white sand from 132 to 132.5 feet12141
Sand, fine, brown; and silt, greenish-gray6147
Sand, fine, reddish-brown; and greenish-gray silty fine sand and limy silt9156
Silt, fine, sandy, reddish-brown to green; contains fragments of lime17173
Sand, fine to fine gravel; contains small amount of caliche7180
Sand, fine to coarse gravel, brown; contains water-worn fragments of caliche; poorly sorted30210
Silt, gritty, soft, yellow, contains sand and gravel; contains a hard bed of caliche from 212 to 212.5 feet10220
Kiowa shale
Shale, clayey, bluish-gray; contains reworked brown to gray to black to yellow shale-like material and considerable amounts of sand, gravel, and broken fragments of Cretaceous rocks; drilled fairly hard10230

T. 25 S. || T. 26 S. || T. 27 S. || T. 28 S. || T. 29 and 30 S.

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Ford Geohydrology
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Web version April 2002. Original publication date Dec. 1942.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Ford/08_logs.html