High Plains/Ogallala Aquifer Information

Index Well Program

(High Plains Aquifer Calibration Monitoring Well Program)

The index well program is a pilot study of an improved approach to measuring hydrologic responses at the local level. The program is expected to make a significant contribution to understanding the aquifer dynamics at scales appropriate to the definition and management of aquifer subunits, and ultimately, providing cost-effective improvements for long-term management. A subsidiary goal is to directly examine issues and areas of particular interest to the GMDs and the Kansas Department of Agriculture, Division of Water Resources (KDA-DWR).

Information is also available on the Survey's Barometric Response Function Software, which computes a function describing the influence of barometric (atmospheric) pressure variations on water levels in wells and uses that function to filter atmospherically induced fluctuations from observed water levels. The software can also compute earth tide response functions and correct water levels for the influence of earth tides.

Three index wells have been installed in the Ogallala-High Plains aquifer, one in each of the three western Kansas GMDs, and are being continuously monitored. The sites are located in Haskell (GMD3), Scott (GMD1), and Thomas (GMD4) counties (see red dots on map below). In 2012 the KGS installed continuous data loggers in four wells along the Kansas-Oklahoma border. These site are located near Cimarron, Hugoton, Liberal, and Rolla (see green dots on map below).

Kansas map showing location of index wells.

Results of the continuous monitoring are shown as hydrographs for each of the sites. The Haskell County hydrograph shows drawdowns greater than 120 ft during the pumping season. The Haskell County well is screened in a (semi-)confined zone at the base of the aquifer. In contrast to the Haskell County hydrograph, the hydrographs for the Scott County and the Thomas County wells show drawdows of on the order of 5 ft. These wells are screened in essentially unconfined portions of the aquifer.

Data

Haskell County Site Data
Wizard Water Levels
Continuous measurements
Scott County Site Data
Wizard Water Levels
Continuous measurements
Thomas County Site Data
Wizard Water Levels
Continuous measurements
Cimarron Data Logger
Wizard Water Levels
Text Data File
Hydrograph
Liberal Data Logger
Wizard Water Levels
Text Data File
Hydrograph
Hugoton Data Logger
Wizard Water Levels
Text Data File
Hydrograph
Rolla Data Logger
Wizard Water Levels
Text Data File
Hydrograph

Presentations

PDF of Index Well Program Update Presentation at the Kansas Water Office April 5, 2011

PDF of Index Well Program Update Presentation at the Kansas Water Office March 3, 2009

Progress Reports