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  Scott County Geohydrology

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Table of Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Geology

Ground Water

Geologic Formations

Water Levels

Well Records

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

Logs of Test Holes and Wells

Listed in the following pages are the logs of 76 wells and test holes in Scott County, including 23 test holes drilled by the State Geological Survey (1-23) and one log of a test hole in Wichita County (log 43). The locations of the test holes drilled by the State Geological Survey are shown in Figure 2, and many of the wells are shown on Plate 2. The samples from the test holes drilled by the State Geological Survey were studied in the field by Perry McNally and later in the office by me.

Logs 1-15 || Logs 16-30 || Logs 31-45 || Logs 46-60 || Logs 61-77

16. Sample log of test hole 16 at the SE corner sec. 29, T. 19 S., R. 32 W., drilled by State Geological Survey, 1941. Surface altitude 2,988.7 feet. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil, dark22
Silt and sand, tan; contains many small white lime nodules35
Sand, fine, to medium gravel, brown, mostly fine gravel; contains some plastic silt and fine sand intermixed712
Silt, sandy, tan, intermixed with fine sand to medium gravel; contains some gastropod fragments1426
Sand, fine, to fine gravel, brown, more sandy silt and less sand and gravel in lower 5 feet; contains some gastropod fragments935
Silt, sandy, tan to brown, harder near the base; contains a few gastropod fragments1752
Clay and silt, limy, light-greenish-gray, becoming sandy downward; contains a few water-worn caliche pebbles1870
Silt and sand, limy, plastic, light-tan to light-gray, intermixed with much sand and gravel; contains some small smooth water-worn caliche pebbles68138
Gravel, fine to coarse, brown; contains an abundance of yellow Niobrara fragments3141
Silt, limy, sandy, light-gray to light-tan, harder near base and intermixed with fine and medium gravel; contains water-worn Niobrara fragments15156
Clay, silt and sand, light-gray to light-tan intermixed with sand and gravel near base12168
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation    
Clay shale, gritty, pale-yellow-tan to cream2170
Shale, chalky, gritty, yellow and cream tan6176
Clay shale, silty, brown-black to gray4180
Clay shale, slightly gritty, blue-black5185

17. Sample log of test hole 17 at the NW corner sec. 32, T. 19 S., R. 32 W., 20 feet southwest of U.S. Geological Survey bench mark TT21B1938, drilled by State Geological Survey, 1941. Surface altitude, 2,941.9 feet. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil, sandy, dark11
Sand, fine, limy, plastic, tan34
Caliche, light-gray59
Sand, fine and medium, plastic, tan; contains gastropod fragments918
Sand, fine and medium, plastic, brown, silt binder1230
Silt and sand, fine, limy, light-gray to tan; contains some gastropod fragments1040
Clay, silty, tan444
Silt and fine sand, limy, light-gray to tan; contains some gastropod fragments751
Sand, fine to coarse, brown, some lime intermixed; contains a few gastropod fragments556
Sand, fine and medium, plastic, brown, silt binder; intermixed with an abundance of fine sand to fine gravel1167
Silt and fine sand, plastic, limy, tan and light-green673
Silt and fine sand, limy, plastic, light-gray; contains an abundance of sand and gravel intermixed, more lime at the base33106
Clay, silt, and fine sand, limy, light-gray; contains much sand and fine gravel intermixed25131
Clay, silt, and fine sand, plastic, tan and light-gray, mortar beds at 156 and 167 feet; contains semi-consolidated sand and gravel lenses in the lower 10 feet50181
Sand, fine, to fine gravel, light-tan; mostly clean quartz; contains a small amount of silty binder from 186 to 189 feet15196
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation--Smoky Hill chalk member    
Clay shale, dark-blue-gray14210

18. Sample log of test hole 18 at the NW corner NE 1/4 sec. 34, T. 19 S., R. 32 W., drilled by State Geological Survey, 1941. Surface altitude, 3,008.5 feet. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil, dark55
Silt and clay, tan; contains gastropod fragments1116
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Mortar bed, tan, light-gray; contains a few yellow Niobrara fragments925
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation--Smoky Hill chalk member    
Limestone, chalky, yellow-orange; contains a few greenish-yellow blocky clay fragments1641
Clay shale, chalky, yellow-orange; contains some pink-tan-orange fragments1960
Clay shale, chalky, orange-yellow; contains layers of white chalk from 61 to 62 feet, 77 to 78 feet, and 81 to 83 feet3090
Clay shale, white, chalky, cream-yellow47137
Clay shale, chalky, yellow-gray6143
Clay shale, sandy, brown-black, some blue-black3146
Shale, some gritty, blue-black4150

19. Sample log of test hole 19 in the SW corner sec. 25, T. 19 S., R. 33 W., drilled by State Geological Survey, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,955.0 feet. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil, sandy, dark11
Silt and fine sand, light-tan23
Silt and fine, sand, dark-tan; contains gastropods1316
Clay, silty, fine, sandy, yellow-tan; contains abundant gastropods622
Clay, silty, more fine sandy, yellow-gray; contains abundant gastropods426
Sand, medium, to fine gravel, brown; mostly coarse sand and fine gravel; contains some gastropods1137
Clay, silty, light-gray and yellow-gray340
Silt and fine sand, plastic, tan to brown646
Clay, silty, limy, hard, tan to brown; contains fine sand and a layer of black clay 46 to 47 feet450
Clay, silt, and fine sand, limy, light-tan; mostly lime and fine sand; contains some gastropod fragments1565
Sand, medium, to fine gravel, brown; mostly fine gravel; contains some small caliche pebbles1479
Clay, silt, and fine sand, limy, light-gray, tan; contains an abundance of sand and gravel intermixed, and a few fragments of pale-green material1190
Clay, silty, light-gray to pale-green30120
Clay, fine sandy, silty, tan to pale-green; contains scattered sand and gravel31151
Sand, medium, to fine gravel, brown, mostly quartz and coarse sand11162
Caliche, light-gray5167
Silt and clay; fine sandy, tan, pale-green; probably contains a thin bed of bentonite3170
Sand, fine to coarse, brown; contains an abundance of soft caliche fragments and some light-gray plastic limy fine sandy clay9179
Lime and caliche, light-gray; intermixed with sand17196
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation--Smoky Hill chalk member    
Clay, silty, yellow5201
Clay shale, dirty-brown-gray, becoming more blue-gray from about 206 to 210 feet9210

20. Log of test hole 20 in the NW corner sec. 32, T. 19 S., R. 33 W., drilled by State Geological Survey, 1940. Surface altitude, 2,987.5 feet. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil, sandy, dark-brown11
Silt and fine sand, plastic, tan1112
Clay, silty, yellow-tan1123
Sand and gravel, brown; intermixed with yellow-brown sandy clay from 23 to 25 feet; contains an abundance of large granite pebbles, but mostly subrounded quartz932
Silt and fine sand, dull-gray-brown; contains silt and clay binder making it plastic638
Sand, medium, to medium gravel, tan, major grade is fine and medium gravel; contains many pink granite pebbles1553
Sand to coarse gravel, semi-consolidated; contains gastropod shells and some lenses of unconsolidated gravel1770
Silt and fine sand, limy, plastic, tan676
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Silt and fine sand, limy, plastic, tan, light-gray783
Sand, coarse, and fine gravel, tan588
Sand, fine, plastic, reddish-brown; contains a silty clay binder9107
Clay, silty, light-gray, very sticky11108
Clay, silty, pink-brown to tan9117
Clay, fine, sandy, silty, pink-tan; mostly plastic fine sand4121
Sand, medium and coarse, light-tan; contains an abundance of small caliche pebbles7128
Sand, fine, plastic, light-yellow-tan; contains some medium sand to fine gravel intermixed10138
Clay, silty, yellow, light-gray streaks; contains some limy clay4142
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation--Smoky Hill chalk member    
Shale, clay, dirty-brown-gray4146
Shale, clay, dark-bluish-gray4150

21. Sample log of test hole 21 in the SW corner sec. 27, T. 19 S., R. 34 W., drilled by State Geological Survey, 1940. Surface altitude, 3,089.3 feet. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil, fine, sandy, dark-brown11
Silt and fine sand, limy, light-tan1112
Clay, silty, tan; contains some gastropod fragments315
Clay, light-gray, and limy silt217
Caliche, soft, tan to light-gray, interbedded in plastic limy silt and clay522
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Caliche, soft, tan to light-gray426
Caliche, tan to buff, and cemented fine sand632
Mortar bed, brown; composed of fine sand to fine gravel, not much fine sand739
Caliche, tan, and cemented fine sand443
Clay, silty, tan; contains much fine to coarse sand346
Sand, fine to coarse, brown450
Silt, limy, plastic, pale-green-tan, and fine sand; contains scattered caliche pebbles454
Sand, fine to coarse, brown; contains silt and clay binder intermixed357
Mortar beds alternating with brown plastic fine to coarse, sand865
Mortar bed, hard, tan to gray-brown; harder from 65 to 67 feet; composed largely of fine to coarse gravel570
Gravel, fine to coarse, semi-consolidated; contains some hard limonite fragments and light-gray caliche from 92 to 93 feet30100
Sand, medium, to fine gravel, semi-consolidated; contains scattered yellow-tan silty clay20120
Sand and gravel, semi-consolidated18138
Silt, plastic, soft, yellow-tan, and fine sand4142
Sand, coarse, to fine gravel, rounded quartz; contains some angular chert-like caliche pebbles3145
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation--Smoky Hill chalk member    
Shale, clay, dirty-brown-gray5150

22. Sample log of test hole 22, in NE corner sec. 24, T. 20 S., R. 33 W., drilled by State Geological Survey, 1941. Surface altitude, 2,925 feet. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil, sandy, brown22
Silt, light-tan, and fine sand57
Clay, silty, light-greenish-tan to gray; contains gastropods512
Clay, silty, light-greenish-gray; contains gastropods, and a few yellow-green iron streaks1224
Clay, silty, fine sandy, light-greenish-gray; contains gastropods, scattered sand and gravel pebbles, and a few yellowish-lime streaks630
Clay, silt, pinkish-gray-tan535
Clay, silty, fine sandy, black and gray439
Silt, light-green, and fine sand; contains gastropods443
Sand, medium, to medium gravel, brown; contains some water-worn caliche pebbles; mostly quartz and granites1356
Clay, silty, fine sandy, tan, light-green tinge at base; contains gastropods1167
Sand, medium, to fine gravel, brown; major grade is quartz fine gravel; contains some plastic silt fragments intermixed2188
Clay, fine sandy, silty, light-gray, lime intermixed694
Caliche bed, light-gray195
Sand, fine and medium, plastic, pink-tan; contains a few lime streaks9104
Caliche, light-gray; contains some plastic limy silt and fine sand intermixed8112
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Caliche, light-gray, tan; contains some limy silt and fine sand intermixed and a thin limestone bed at 111 feet8120
Caliche, light-gray, tan16136
Sand, fine to medium, tan to brown; contains some light-gray limy silt and gravel intermixed at the base7143
Sand and gravel, poorly sorted; small amount of silt and fine sandy clay intermixed; thin bed of caliche at 146; drilled faster from 160 to 163 feet20163
Clay, fine sandy, silty, yellowish-tan; contains a lens or two of sand and gravel6169
Sand, coarse, to coarse gravel, brown; contains a few caliche fragments; mostly pink quartz and granite13182
Clay, silty, faded-yellow3185
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation--Smoky Hill chalk member    
Shale, clay, dark-gray to black5190

23. Sample log of test hole 28 in the SE 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 32, T. 20 S., R. 34 W., drilled by State Geological Survey, 1940. Surface altitude, 3,089.5 feet. (Samples studied by Perry McNally, H. A. Waite, Bruce F. Latta and Thad McLaughlin.) Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil, sandy, dark1.51.5
Silt and sand, fine, limy, tan; contains gastropods1112.5
Silt and sand, fine, pinkish-brown, with thin limy zones5.518
Caliche, soft, tan to light-gray624
Sand, fine to medium, pinkish-brown; contains some silt2.526.5
Caliche, soft, tan-gray, and clay, limy6.533
Clay, tan-gray538
Sand, medium, to gravel, medium, brown16.554.5
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Sand and gravel, lime-cemented, gray458.5
Sand, medium, to gravel, coarse, brown; contains few lime-cemented zones3795.5
Silt, sandy, light-gray-yellow7.5103.5
Silt, sandy, lime-cemented, soft, light-gray; contains lenses of brown, fine to medium sand; also contains fragments of Celtis willistoni (?) and Biorbia fossilia (?)15.5119
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation--Smoky Hill chalk member    
Chalk, silty, soft, light-yellow to light-gray15134
Shale, chalky, soft, dark-blue-gray; contains few fragments of white bentonite6140
Shale, chalky, dark-blue-gray; contains interbedded lighter gray hard sandy shale14154
Fort Hays limestone member    
Shale, chalky, dark-gray to white10164
Chalk, light gray to white3167
Shale, chalky, light-gray to dark-gray5172
Chalk, light gray to white12184
Shale, chalky, dark-gray1185
Chalk, light gray to white15200
Shale, chalky, light-gray to white19219
Carlile shale--Codell sandstone and Blue Hill shale members    
Shale, sandy, noncalcareous, dark-gray33252
Shale, sandy, light to dark-gray1.5253.5
Shale, clayey, noncalcareous, dark-gray to black16.5270

24. Driller's log of test hole of W. D. Haston in the SW 1/4 sec. 3, T. 17 S., R. 31 W. George Weishaar, driller. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil1515
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Gyp6075
Clay and gyp43118
Sand, fine42160
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation    
Shale-160

25. Driller's log of irrigation well (37) of William Rodenburg in the SW 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 25, T. 17 S., R. 31 W. Ben Hasz, driller. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil33
Clay, brown2225
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Gyp rock4065
Sand rock2085
Clay, brown1095
Sand, fine20115
Sand and gravel45160
(Test did not reach shale)  

26. Driller's log of irrigation well (44) of Ed Brookover in the NE 1/4 SE 1/4 sec. 22, T. 17 S., R. 32 W. Earl Brookover, driller. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil3030
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Gyp, soft white rock1646
Sand and clay streaks1258
Sand, cemented, hard361
Sand, cemented, loose streaks1071
Sand, dry, loose273
Sand, cemented, and gyp, fairly hard578
Rock, hard, white684
Gyp791
Conglomerate, gyp, sand, and clay495
Clay, sandy6101
Sand, medium2103
Sand, cemented, and clay streaks7110
Rock, hard, white5115
Clay, sandy6121
Sand, fine, muddy4125
Sand, fine, loose; casing settled in hole from own weight during drilling operations20145
Sand, fine, similar to above; necessary to drive casing in this interval21166
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation    
Shale, chalky, yellow2168
Chalk and shale, light-blue-gray7175

27. Driller's log of test well (46) of L. A. Callen in the SE corner SW 1/4 sec. 35, T. 17 S., R. 32 W. George Weishaar, driller. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil3030
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Gyp1343
Sand, dry750
Gyp2070
Clay1080
Gyp1090
Clay10100
Gyp and clay15115
Sand, fine8123
Sand, dirty, fine4127

28. Driller's log of test hole of Elmer Rudolph in the NW corner SE 1/4 sec. 27, T. 17 S., R. 33 W. George Weishaar, driller. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil8080
Sand585
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Clay and gyp15100
Sand5105
Rock8113
Sand7120
Rock13133
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation    
Shale-133

29. Driller's log of test hole of Ira Riney in the NW corner NE 1/4 sec. 14, T. 18 S., R. 32 W. George Weishaar, driller. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil3030
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Gyp and hard sand3666
Sand1076
Rock, hard278
Sand482
Clay890
Sand, cemented10100
(Did not encounter shale.)  

30. Driller's log of irrigation well (85) of J. E. Kirk in the SE 1/4 NW 1/4 sec. 21, T. 18 S., R. 32 W. Ted Guyer, driller. Thickness
(feet)
Depth
(feet)
Quaternary--Pleistocene
Soil and clay2020
Tertiary--Pliocene
Ogallala formation    
Gyp and boulder1838
Sand and rock (falls in hole)1048
Clay1058
Sand and gravel (core barrel used 65-71)1371
Sand273
Rock, hard174
Sand, fine (from 73-78 feet tough clay intermixed)377
Rock178
Sand381
Sand and rock, intermixed with tough clay687
Rock and sand592
Rock, hard19111
Gravel, coarse7118
Sand and gravel, sticky14132
Cretaceous (Upper)
Niobrara formation    
Shale, chalky, yellow1014.2
Shale, brownish-gray59201
Total depth of finished well, 125.9 feet.

Logs 1-15 || Logs 16-30 || Logs 31-45 || Logs 46-60 || Logs 61-77

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Scott County Geohydrology
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version March 2003. Original publication date July 1947.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Scott/09_logs.html