Wilfrido Solano-Acosta, Charles W. Zuppann, and J.A. Rupp
Indiana Geological Survey, 611 North Walnut Grove, Bloomington, IN 47405
Atmospheric concentrations of CO2, Earths most voluminous greenhouse gas, are presently about 32 percent higher than at the onset of the industrial revolution, some 150 years ago. Sequestering CO2 in subsurface reservoirs is one method that has been proposed to reduce the volume of CO2 entering the atmosphere. The Mid-continent Interactive Digital Atlas and Relational dataBase (MIDCARB) Project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, is a consortium of five states (Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, and Ohio), that was created to construct a digital atlas containing the geological and cultural information necessary to evaluate the potential for capturing and storing CO2 in geological formations. This atlas includes data on oil and gas fields, CO2 sources, saline aquifers, geologic controls, and industrial and public infrastructure.
Oil and gas exploration in Indiana began in the late 1800s, and more than 600 oil and gas fields have been produced since that time. Most are at or near the end of their economic lives, having gone through primary, secondary, and even tertiary recovery. These fields are optimal candidates for the long-term storage of CO2. A potential added benefit of storing CO2 in nearly dead oil and gas fields is the recovery of additional petroleum.
An inventory of petroleum reservoirs in Indiana, including their size, production histories, and reservoir characteristics will help to determine the volume of CO2 that could be stored and also will help to assess potential challenges that may be encountered.