Galena has metallic to lead-gray, cube-shaped crystals that break into cubic, right-angled fragments. It is an ore—a mineral of economic value—that was once mined in southeastern Kansas for its lead content. The Tri-State mining district, which includes the far southeastern corner of the state, was formerly one of the most important lead- and zinc-producing areas in the world.

Chemical compound: lead sulfide
Chemical formula: PbS (Pb = lead, S = sulfur)
Color: lead gray
Streak: gray-black
Luster: metallic
Hardness: 2.5
Specific gravity: 7.5
Amount of transparency: opaque


Buchanan, R., 2010, Kansas Geology: An Introduction to Landscapes, Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils (2nd ed.): Lawrence, Kansas, University Press of Kansas, 240 p.

Buchanan, R., and McCauley, J. R., 2010, Roadside Kansas: A Traveler's Guide to Its Geology and Landmarks (2nd ed.): Lawrence, Kansas, University Press of Kansas, 392 p.

Kansas Rocks and Minerals, Kansas Geological Survey Educational Series 2