Integrated Pennsylvanian Stratigraphy
OFR 2000-35

1

Title
2

Outline
3

Conclusions
4

What is a model?
5

Kinds of modeling
6

Phases in model construction
7

Model Evaluation
8

Phases of development of stratigraphic simulation models
9

Basin modeling example
10

Common Input Parameters
11

Model pathways
12

Stratigraphic analyses
13

Challenge of modeling
14

Input Parameters of Stratigraphic Models
15

Development of Pennsylvanian depositional systems
16

Input Parameters: Accommodation
17

Model of lower stand in sea level
18

Model of rising sea level
19

Example of conceptual model
20

Relative sea level model and cycle hierarchy
21

Genetic Increments of Strata
22

GIS model
23

Forced Regression
24

GIS model (continued)
25

Transgressive systems tract
26

Sequence stratigraphy models
27

Stratal Patterns in a Type 1 sequence
28

Definitions (continued)
29

Parasequence stacking pattern
30

Forced Regression
31

Transgressive systems tract
32

Stratigraphic cross section
33

Sand distribution in Bartlesville Sandstone
34

Jurassic Tank
35

Seismic image of physical model
36

Conceptual model of cyclothem
37

KANMOD
38

Sedimentation Rate
39

1D simulation of Pennsylvanian cyclothems
40

1D model (continued)
41

Wheeler Diagram bringing together sedimentation in time and space for three shelf positions
42

Distribution of Oread Cycle
43

Lithofacies: Marmaton Group
44

Abrupt backstepping of carbonate margin
45

Paleogeography during Missourian
46

Manual & Autocorrelated Gamma Ray Cross Section
47

Oread genetic unit
48

Empirical modeling of porosity
49

Simulation of same shelf margin 
50

Simulation using KANMOD
51

Magnetic Field Intensity
52

Regionalization classes

Isopach of genetic unit bounding
53

Pleasanton Group
54

Sniabar LS
55

Swope LS
56

Study Area
57

Distribution of Muncie Creek to top of Winterset in SE Kansas
58

Isopach of total thickness of Chanute Shale
59

Chanute incised valley
60

Residual gravity / Lineaments
61

Isopach base of Eudora Shale
62

Valley-fill deposits and sequence stratigraphy of Upper Morrow, Hugoton Embayment
63

Paleogeography during Morrowan
64

Cross Section of Morrow strata
65

Correlation of petrophysical parameters
66

Isopach of porous carbonate in the Swope LS in West. Kansas
67

SPOT Image
68

Swope Near-Surface study area
69

Thickness of Bethany Falls LS
70

Bethany Falls and Mound Valley Sequences
71

Swope oolites separted by paleosols
72

2D simulation of Swope cycle
73

Sea level and sediment profile
74 

Victory Field
75

Bethany Falls LS
76  Super Pickett Crossplot
77 Relationships between cycle thickness, facies and porosity
78 PfeFFER image logs
79 Permeability - Seismic model
80 Petrofacies & Reservoir Zonation
81 Morrow SS, Arroy Field
82 Delineation of deposition sequences
83 Pickett plots
84 Pickett plots (continued)
85 Modeling genetic units and pay through KIPLING
86 Log response
87 Train KIPLING
88 Prediction of Genetic Units
89 KIPLING

Calculated and Predicted Pays from Well in Terry Field
90 Dewey LS
91 Heebner Shale into Mississippian
92 Resolving sea level history
93 Carboniferous Coastal onlap curve
94 Minor cycles in the Winterset LS
95 Gray-scale density correlation in black shales
96 Transect of Gray-scale density in Stark sh in eastern Kansas
97 Measuring accumulation rate of paleosols using beryllium isotopes
98 Changes in atmospheric circulation patterns between glacial and interglacial
99 Correlation of Pennsylvanian depositional sequences using conodonts and fusulinids
100 Th/U Study
101 Lower Missourian
102 Pennsylvanian depositional sequences closely parallel Quaternary analogs
103 Merging sequence stratigraphy and eustacy
104 Comparison: Pennsylvanian and various Quaternary depositional sequences
105 Clastic-dominated Depositional Sequence in Wanganui Basin, New Zealand
106 Isotopic stages and inferred seal level from deep-sea core data
107 Quatenary coastal-plain Incised valley systems
108 Lowstand deltas
109 Longitudinal profile of Trinity/Sabine Incised Valley
110 Structural & sedimentological controls on the reoccupation of Quaternary incised valleys
111 Present-day depth map of shelf adjoining Belize
112 Incised valley routes inferred from seismic data
113 Evolution of reef and IVF system in Belize Lagoon
114 Progress in Modeling Pennsylvanian System
115 Conclusions
116 Future of Geologic Modeling
117 GEMINI
118 Description
119 Description (continued)
120 Description (continued)
121

Project Goals
122

Goals (continued)
123

GEMINI Operational Flow Chart
124

Carbonate model
125

Models provide:
126

Models provide (continued)