Skip Navigation

Russell County Geology

Prev Page--Recent Geologic History


Recent geologic history

References

Aguirre, E., and Pasini, G., 1985, The Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary: Episodes, v. 8, p. 116-120

Alden, W. C., and Leighton, M. M., 1917, The Iowan drift--a review of the evidence of the Iowan stage of glaciation: Iowa Geological Survey, Annual Report, v. 26, p. 49-212

Allan, T. H., and Valerius, M. M., 1929, Fairport oil field, Russell County, Kansas; in, Structure of Typical American Oil Fields: Association of American Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, Oklahoma, v, I, p. 35-48

Arbogast, A. F., 1992, Late Quaternary evolution of a small basin in the Kansas River system--Wolf Creek: Kansas Geological Survey, Open-file Report, no. 92-8, 152 p.

Arbogast, A. F., and Johnson, W. C., 1994, Climatic implications of the late Quaternary alluvial record of a small drainage basin in the central Great Plains: Quaternary Research, v. 41 p. 298-305

Baars, D., 1994, Classification of rocks in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, stratigraphic chart

Bass, N. W., 1926, Geologic investigations in western Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 11, 96 p.

Bayne, C. K., and O'Connor, H. G., 1968, Quaternary System; in, The Stratigraphic Succession in Kansas, D. E. Zeller, ed.: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 189, p. 59-67 []

Bettis, E. A., III, ed., 1990, Holocene alluvial stratigraphy and selected aspects of the Quaternary history of western Iowa: Midwestern Friends of the Pleistocene, University of Iowa, Quaternary Studies Group Contribution 36, 197 p.

Boellstorff, J. D., 1973, Fission-track ages of Pleistocene volcanic ash deposits in the central Plains, U.S.A.: Isochron/West, v. 8, p. 39-43

Boellstorff, J. D., 1974, Fission-track ages of Pearlette family ash beds--comment: Geology, v. 2, p. 21

Boellstorff, J. D., 1976, The succession of late Cenozoic ashes in the Great Plains-a progress report: Kansas Geological Survey, Guidebook Series 1, p. 37-71 []

Bramlette, M. N., 1925, A subsurface correlation of the stratigraphic units from Russell County to Marion County, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 10, pt. 2, p. 87-93 []

Burgat, V. A., and Taylor, W. K., 1972, Highway subsidence caused by salt solutioning (abstract): Association of English Geologists, Annual Meeting, Programs and Abstracts 15, p. 20

Bushue, L. J., Fehrenbacher, J. B., and Ray, B. W., 1974, Exhumed paleosols and associated modern till soils in western Illinois: Soil Science Society of America, Proceedings, v. 34, p.665-669

Carter, B. J., and Ward, P. A., III, 1991, A prehistory of the Plains border region: Guidebook, South-central Friends of the Pleistocene, Agronomy Department, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, 121 p.

Carter, B. J., Ward, P. A., III, and Shannon, J. T., 1990, Soil and geomorphic evolution within the Rolling Red Plains using Pleistocene volcanic ash deposits: Geomorphology, v, 3, p.471-488

Caspall, F. C., 1970, The spatial and temporal variations in loess deposition in northeastern Kansas: Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, Lawrence, 294 p.

Caspall, F. C., 1972, A note on the origin of the Brady paleosol in northeastern Kansas: Proceedings of the Association of American Geographers, v, 4, p. 19-24

Clark, P. U., Clague, J. J., Curry, B. B., Dreimanis, A., Hicock, S. R., Miller, G. H., Berger, G. W., Eyles, N., Lamothe, M., Miller, B. B., Mott, R. J., Oldale, R. N., Stea, R. R., Szabo, J. P., Thorleifson, L. H., and J.-S. Vincent, 1993, Initiation and development of the Laurentide and Cordilleran ice sheets following the last interglaciation: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 12, p. 79-114

Cobban, W. A., 1949, Stratigraphy of the Colorado and Montana groups (Upper Cretaceous) of the central and northern Great Plains with descriptions of the Colorado Scaphites: Ph.D. dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, 408 p.

Cobban, W. A, and Reeside Jr., J. B., 1952, Correlation of the Cretaceous formations of the Western Interior of the United States: Geological Society of America, Bulletin 63, p. 1,011-1,044

Cohee, G. V., 1968, Holocene replaces Recent in nomenclature usage of the U.S. Geological Survey: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Bulletin 52, p. 852

COHMAP members, 1988, Climatic changes of the last 18,000 years--observations and model simulations: Science, v. 241, p. 1,043-1,052

Condra, G. E., Reed, E. C., and Gordon, E. D., 1947, Correlation of the Pleistocene deposits of Nebraska: Nebraska Geological Survey, Bulletin 15,71 p.

Condra, G. E., Reed, E. C., and Gordon, E. D., 1950, Correlation of the Pleistocene deposits of Nebraska: Nebraska Geological Survey, Bulletin 15-A, 74 p.

Curry, B. B., and Follmer, L. R., 1992, The last interglacial-glacial transition in Illinois-123--125 ka; in, The Last Interglacial-glacial Transition in North America, P. U. Clark and P. D. Lea, eds.: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 270, p. 71-88

Dane, C. H., and Pierce, W. G., 1933, Geology and oil and gas prospects in part of eastern Colorado: U.S. Department of Interior Press, memo 72215, 8 p.

Daniels, R. B., Handy, R. L., and Simonson, G. H., 1960, Dark-colored bands in the thick loess of western Iowa: Journal of Geology, v. 67, p. 114-119

Darton, N. H., 1899, Preliminary report on the geology and water resources of Nebraska west of the One Hundred and Third Meridian: U.S. Geological Survey, 19th Annual Report, pt. 4, Hydrology, p. 719-785

Darton, N. H., 1904, Comparison of the stratigraphy of the Black Hills, Bighorn Mountains, and Rocky Mountain front range: Geological Society of America, Bulletin 15, p. 379-448

Darton, N. H., 1920, Description of the Syracuse and Lakin quadrangles: U.S. Geological Survey, Atlas Folio Serial 212, 10 p.

Diekmeyer, E. C., 1994, Characterizations and paleoclimatic inferences from the post-Illinoian stratigraphic sequences at two central Great Plains sites: M.S. thesis, Department of Geography, University of Kansas, Lawrence, 84 p.

Dubins, I. M., 1947, The petrography, geochemistry, and economic utilization of the Fort Hays chalk in Kansas: M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, 108 p.

Elias, M. K., 1931, The geology of Wallace County, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 18, 254 p. [available online]

Elias, M. K., 1932, Grasses and other plants from the Tertiary rocks of Kansas and Colorado: University of Kansas, Science Bulletin 20, no. 20, p. 333-367

Elias, M. K., 1935, Tertiary grasses and other prairie vegetation from the High Plains of North America: American Journal of Science, series 5, v. 29, p. 24-33

Elias, M. K., 1942, Tertiary prairie grasses and other herbs from the High Plains: Geological Society of America, Special Paper (Regular Studies) 41, 176 p.

Feng, Zhao-dong, 1991, Temporal and spatial variations in the loess depositional environment of central Kansas during the past 400,000 years: Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, Lawrence, 250 p.

Feng, Zhao-dong, Johnson, W. C., Lu, Yan-chou, and Ward, P. A., III, 1994a, Climatic signals from loess-soil sequences in the central Great Plains, U.S.A.: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 110, p. 345-358

Feng, Zhao-dong, Johnson, W. C., Sprowl, D. R., and Lu, Yanchou, 1994b, Loess accumulation and soil formation in central Kansas, United States, during the past 400,000 years: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 19, p. 55-67

Follmer, L. R., 1979, A historical review of the Sangamon soil; in, Wisconsinan, Sangamonian, and Illinoian Stratigraphy in Central Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Guidebook 13, p. 79-91

Forman, S. L., 1990, Chronologie evidence for multiple episodes of loess deposition during the Wisconsinan and Illinoian in the midcontinent, U.S.A (abstract): Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v, 22, no. 7, p. A86

Forman, S. L., Bettis, E. A., Kemmis, T. L., and Miller, B. B., 1992, Chronological evidence for multiple periods of loess deposition during the late Pleistocene in Missouri and Mississippi River valleys, United States--implications for the activity of the Laurentide Ice Sheet: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 93, p. 71-83

Franks, P. C., 1967, Petrology and stratigraphy of the Kiowa and Dakota formations (basal Cretaceous), north-central Kansas: Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, 312 p. (2 volumes)

Fredlund, G. G., 1993, Paleoenvironmental interpretations of stable carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen isotopes from opal phytoliths, Eustis Ash Pit, Nebraska: MASCA Research Papers in Science and Archaeology, v. 10, p. 37-46

Fredlund, G. G., and Jaumann, P. J., 1987, Late Quaternary palynological and paleobotanical records from the central Great Plains; in, Quaternary Environments of Kansas, W. C. Johnson, ed.: Kansas Geological Survey, Guidebook Series 5, p. 167-168 []

Fredlund, G. G., Johnson, W. C., and Don Jr., W., 1985, A preliminary analysis of opal phytoliths from the Eustis ash pit, Frontier County, Nebraska: Nebraska Academy of Sciences, Institute for Tertiary-Quaternary Studies, TER-QUA Symposium Series, v. 1, p. 147-162

Frye, J. C., and Brazil, J. J., 1943, Ground water in the oil-field areas of Ellis and Russell counties, Kansas, with analyses by Howard Stoltenberg: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 50, 104 p.

Frye, J. C., and Fent, O. S., 1947, The late Pleistocene loesses of central Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 70, pt. 3, p.29-52 []

Frye, J. C., and Leonard, A. B., 1949, Pleistocene stratigraphic sequence in northeastern Kansas: American Journal of Science, v. 247, p. 883-899

Frye, J. C., and Leonard, A. B., 1951, Stratigraphy of late Pleistocene loess of Kansas: Journal of Geology, v. 59, no. 4., p. 287-305

Frye, J. C., and Leonard, A. B., 1952, Pleistocene geology of Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 99, 230 p. []

Frye, J. C., and Leonard, A. B., 1954, Significant new exposures of Pleistocene deposits at Kirwin, Phillips County, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 109, pt. 3., p. 29-48 []

Frye, J. C., and Leonard, A. B., 1965, Quaternary of the southern Great Plains; in, The Quaternary of the United States--A Review Volume for VII Congress of the International Association for Quaternary Research, H. E. Wright Jr., and D. G. Frye, eds.: Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, p. 203-216

Frye, J. C., and Willman, H. B., 1973, Wisconsinan climatic history interpreted from Lake Michigan lobe deposits and soils; in, The Wisconsinan Stage, R. F. Black, R. P. Goldthwait, and H. B. Willman, eds.: Geological Society of America, Memoir 136, p. 135-152

Frye, J. C., Leonard, A. B., and Leonard, A R., 1951, Western Kansas; in, Road Log, Pleistocene Field Conference of June, 1951, part 2: Pleistocene Field Conference, Guidebook 3, p. WK-1-WK-18

Frye, J. C., Plummer, N., Runnels, R. T., and Hladik, W. B., 1949, Ceramic utilization of northern Kansas Pleistocene loesses and fossil soils: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 82, pt. 3, p. 49-l24 []

Frye, J. C., Leonard, A. B., Willman, H. B., Glass, H. D., and Follmer, L. R., 1974, The late Woodfordian Jules soil and associated molluscan faunas: Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 486, II p.

Fulton, R. J., 1984, Summary-Quaternary stratigraphy of Canada: Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 84-10, p. 1-5

Fulton, R. J., 1986, Quaternary stratigraphy of Canada; in, V. Sibrava, D. Q. Bowen, and G. M. Richmond, eds., Quaternary Glaciations in the Northern Hemisphere, Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 5, p. 207-209

Gilbert, G. K., 1896, The underground water of the Arkansas Valley in eastern Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey, 17th Annual Report, pt. 2, p. 551-601

Gustavson, T. C, and Winkler, D. A., 1988, Depositional facies of the Miocene-Pliocene Ogallala Formation, northwestern Texas and eastern New Mexico: Geology, v. 16, no. 3, p. 203- 206

Hall, R. D., 1973, Sedimentation and alteration of loess in southwestern Indiana: Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, 103 p.

Hall, S. A., 1990, Channel trenching and climatic change in the southern Great Plains: Geology, v. 18, p. 342-345

Hansen, T. J., 1977, Dissolution in the Hutchinson Salt Member of the Wellington Formation near Russell, Kansas: M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, 61 p.

Hatfield, C. B., 1961, Paleoecology of the Graneros Shale (Upper Cretaceous) in Kansas: M.A. thesis, Department of Geology, Indiana University, Bloomington, 97 p.

Hattin, D. E., 1962, Stratigraphy of the Carlile Shale (Upper Cretaceous) in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 156, 155 p. []

Hattin, D. E., 1965a, Stratigraphy of the Graneros Shale (Upper Cretaceous) in central Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 178, 83 p.

Hattin, D. E., 1965b, Upper Cretaceous stratigraphy, paleontology, and paleoecology of western Kansas: Geological Society of America, Field Conference Guidebook, Annual Meeting, Kansas City, Missouri, 69 p.

Hattin, D. E., 1967, Stratigraphic and paleoecologic significance of macro invertebrate fossils in the Dakota Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas; in, Essays in Paleontology and Stratigraphy--R. C. Moore Commemorative Volume, Curt Teichert and E. L. Yochelson, eds.: Lawrence, University Press of Kansas, Department of Geology, Special Publication 2, p. 570-589

Hattin, D. E., 1971, Widespread, synchronously deposited, burrow-mottled limestone beds in Greenhorn Limestone (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 202, pt. 2, 11 p. []

Hattin, D. E., 1975, Stratigraphy and depositional environment of Greenhorn Limestone (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 209, 128 p. []

Hattin, D. E., 1982, Stratigraphy and depositional environment of Smoky Hill Chalk Member, Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) of the type area, western Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 225, 108 p.

Hattin, D. E., and Cobban, W. A., 1965, Road logs; in, Upper Cretaceous Stratigraphy, Paleontology, and Paleoecology of Western Kansas--A Field Conference Guidebook for the Annual Meetings, D. E. Hattin: Kansas Geological Survey, [guidebook for] Geological Society of America, Annual Meeting, p. 29-47

Hattin, D. E., and Cobban, W. A., 1977, Upper Cretaceous stratigraphy, paleontology, and paleoecology of western Kansas: Mountain Geologist, v. 14, no. 3-4, p. 175-217

Hattin, D. E., and Siemers, C. T., 1978, Guidebook, Upper Cretaceous stratigraphy and depositional environments of western Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Guidebook Series 3, 102 p. []

Hay, R., 1889, Horizon of the Dacotah lignite: Kansas Academy of Sciences, Transactions, v. 11, p. 5-8

Hayden, F. V., 1872, Sketch of the geological formations along the route of the Union Pacific Railway, eastern division; in, Final Report of the U.S. Geological Survey of Nebraska and Portions of the Adjacent Territories: U.S. Congress, 42nd, 1st session, House Executive Document 19, p. 66-69

Hedberg, H. D., 1926, The effect of gravitational compaction on the structure of sedimentary rocks: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Bulletin 10, no. 11, p. 1,035-1,072

Hibbard, C. W., Frye, J. C., and Leonard, A. B., 1944, Reconnaissance of Pleistocene deposits in north-central Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 52, pt. 1, p. 1-28 []

Hintze, F. F., 1928, Discoverer of Gorham oil district, Kansas (discussion): American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Bulletin 12, no. 4, p. 443

Hopkins, D. M., 1975, Time-stratigraphic nomenclature for the Holocene Epoch: Geology, v. 3, p. 10

Izett, G. A., 1981, Volcanic ash beds-recorders of upper Cenozoic silicic pyroclastic volcanism in the western United States: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 86, p. 10,200-10,222

Izett, G. A., 1982, The Bishop ash bed and some older, compositionally similar, ash beds in California, Nevada, and Utah: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-file Report 82-582, 44 p.

Izett, G. A., and Wilcox, R. E., 1982, Map showing localities and inferred distributions of the Huckelberry Ridge, Mesa Falls, and Lava Creek ash beds (Pearlette family ash beds) of Pliocene and Pleistocene age in the western United States and southern Canada: U.S. Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Investigations, Map I-1325, 1 sheet, scale 1:4,000,000 []

Izett, G. A., Wilcox, R. E., Powers, H. A., and Desborough, G. A., 1970, The Bishop ash bed--a Pleistocene marker bed in the western United States: Quaternary Research, v. 1, p. 121- 132

Jantz, D. R., Wehmueller, W., and Owens, H. D., 1982, Soil survey of Russell County, Kansas: U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service, 103 p.

Jewett, J. M., 1959, Graphic column and classification of rocks in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, 1 sheet

Johnson, R. G., 1982, Brunhes-Matuyama magnetic reversal dated at 790,000 yr B.P. by marine-astronomical correlations: Quaternary Research, v. 17, p. 135-147

Johnson, W. C., 1993, Surficial geology and stratigraphy of Phillips County, Kansas, with emphasis on the Quaternary Period: Kansas Geological Survey, Technical Series 1, 66 p. []

Johnson, W. C., and Arbogast, A. F., 1996, Geologic map of Russell County, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Map Series M-37, 1 sheet, scale 1 :50,000 []

Johnson, W. C., and Logan, B., 1990, Geoarcheology of the Kansas River basin, central Great Plains; in, Archaeological Geology of North America, N. P. Lasca and J. Donahue, eds.: Geological Society of America, Decade of North American Geology, Centennial Special Volume 4, p. 267-299

Johnson, W. C., and Martin, C. W., 1987, Holocene alluvial-stratigraphic studies from Kansas and adjoining states of the east-central Plains; in, Quaternary Environments of Kansas, W. C. Johnson, ed.: Kansas Geological Survey, Guidebook Series 5, p. 109-122 []

Johnson, W. C., and May, D. W., 1992, The Brady geosol as an indicator of the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary in the central Great Plains (abstract): American Quaternary Association, Programs and Abstracts, p. 69

Johnson, W. C., Bozarth, S., and Dickmeyer, E. C., 1994, Paleoenvironmental reconstruction via opal phytolith and carbon isotope analyses of late Wisconsinan loess--geoarchaeological investigations on Fort Riley, Riley and Geary counties, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Open-file Report 94-38, 60 p.

Johnson, W. C., May, D. W., and Souders, V. L., 1990, Age and distribution of the Gilman Canyon Formation of Nebraska and Kansas (abstract): Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 22, p. A87

Johnson, W. C., May, D. W., and Valastro, S., 1993, A 36,000- year chrono-, bio- and magneto-stratigraphic record from loess of south-central Nebraska (abstract): Association of American Geographers, 89th Annual Meeting, Abstracts with Programs, p. 115

Johnson, W. H., Hansel, A. K., Follmer, L. R, and Curry, B. B., 1991, Later Quaternary temporal classification in Illinois--geochronologic or diacronic?: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 23, no. 3, p. 19-20

Kleiss, H. J., and Fehrenbacher, J. G., 1973, Loess distribution as revealed by mineral variations: Soil Science Society of America, Proceedings, v. 37, p. 291-295

Knapp, R. W., and Steeples, D. W., 1981, Investigation of salt dissolution collapse using high-resolution Mini-SOSIE reflection seismology (abstract): Eos, v. 62, no. 45, p. 954-955

Knapp, R. W., Steeples, D. W., Miller, R D., and McElwee, C. D., 1989, Seismic-reflection surveys at sinkholes in central Kansas; in, Geophysics in Kansas, D. W. Steeples, ed.: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 226, p. 95-116 []

Krishnamurthy, R. v.. Deniro, M. J., and Pant, R. K., 1982, Isotope evidence for Pleistocene climatic changes in Kashmir, India: Nature, v. 298, p. 640--641

Landes, K. K., Amoruso, J. J., Charlesworth, L. J., Jr., Heany, F., and Lesperance, P. J., 1960, Petroleum resources in basement rocks: Association of American Petroleum Geologists, Bulletin 44, no. 10, p. 1,682-1,691

Leigh, D. S., 1991, Origin and paleoenvironment of the upper Mississippi Valley Roxana silt: Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 186 p.

Leigh, D. S., 1994, Roxana silt of the upper Mississippi Valley--lithology, source, and paleoenvironment: Geological Society of America, Bulletin 106, p. 430-442

Leigh, D. S., and Knox, J. C., 1993, AMS radiocarbon age of the upper Mississippi Valley Roxana silt: Quaternary Research, v. 39,p.282-289

Leverett, F., 1899, The Illinois glacial lobe: U.S. Geological Survey, Monograph 38, 817 p.

Logan, W. N., 1897, The Upper Cretaceous of Kansas: University Geological Survey of Kansas, v. 2. p. 202-234

Logan, W. N., 1898, Part VIII, The invertebrates of the Benton, Niobrara, and Fort Pierre Groups, University Geological Survey of Kansas, v., no 4, p. 433-583

Logan, W. N., 1899, Some additions to the Cretaceous invertebrates of Kansas: Kansas University Quarterly, v. 8, series A, p. 87-98

Lugn, A. L., 1934, Pleistocene geology of Nebraska: Nebraska State Museum, Bulletin 41, v. 1, pt. 1, p. 319-356

Lugn, A. L., 1935, The Pleistocene geology of Nebraska: Bulletin of the Nebraska Geological Survey, series 2, v. 10, 223 p.

Maat, P., and Johnson, W. C., 1996, Thermoluminescence and new 14C age estimates for late Quaternary loesses in southwestern Nebraska: Geomorphology (in press)

Mandel, R. D., 1988, Geomorphology of the Smoky Hill River valley at Kanopolis Lake, north-central Kansas; in, An Archaeological and Geomorphological Survey of Kanopolis Lake, North-central Kansas, L. J. Schmits, ed.: Environmental Systems Analysis, Inc., p. 49-72

Mandel, R. D., Reynolds, J. D., Williams, B. G., and Wulfkuhle, V. A., 1991, Upper Delaware River and tributaries watershed-results of geomorphological and archeological studies in Atchison, Brown, Jackson, and Nemaha counties, Kansas: Kansas State Historical Society, Contract Archeological Publication 9, Topeka, Kansas, 130 p.

Martin, C. W., 1992, Late Quaternary sedimentation and paleoenvironmental change in the Republican River basin, south-central Nebraska: Quaternary Research, v. 37, p. 315-322

Martinson, D. G., Pisias, N. G., Hays, J. D., Imbrie, J., Moore, T. C., Jr., and Shackleton, N. J., 1987, Age dating and the orbital theory of the Ice Ages-development of a high-resolution 0 to 300,000-year chronology: Quaternary Research, v. 27, p. 1-29

May, D. W., 1986, Geomorphology; in, Along the Pawnee Trail--Cultural Resources Survey and Testing, Wilson Lake, Kansas, D. J. Blakeslee, R. Blasing, and H. Garcia, eds.: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Kansas City District), report no. DACW41-85-C-0135, p. 72-86

May, D. W., 1989, Holocene alluvial fills in the South Loup valley, Nebraska: Quaternary Research, v. 32, p. 117-120

May, D. W., and Souders, V. L., 1988, Radiocarbon ages for the Gilman Canyon Formation in Dawson County, Nebraska (abstract): Nebraska Academy of Sciences, Proceedings, p.47-48

McCraw, D. J., and Autin, W. J., 1989, Lower Mississippi Valley loesses: Field guide, 1989 Mississippi Valley Loess Tour, INQUA Commission on Loess and the North American Loess Working Group

McKay, E. D., 1979, Stratigraphy of Wisconsinan and older loesses in southwestern Illinois; in, Geology of Western Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Guidebook 13, p.95-108

Meek, F. B., and Hayden, F. V., 1862, Descriptions of new Lower Silurian (Primordial), Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Tertiary fossils, collected in Nebraska, etc.: Philadelphia Academy of National Sciences, Proceedings, v. 13, p. 415-447

Merriam, D. F., 1957, Subsurface correlation and stratigraphic relation of rocks of Mesozoic age in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Oil and Gas Investigations, v. 14, 25 p.

Moore, R. C., Frye, J. C., Jewett, J. M., Lee, W., and O'Connor, H. G., 1951, The Kansas rock column: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 89, 132 p. []

Morrison, R. B., 1965, Principles of Quaternary soil stratigraphy; in, Quaternary Soils, R. B. Morrison and H. E. Wright, Jr., eds.: INQUA VII Congress, Proceedings, v. 9, p. 1-69

Morrison, R. B., 1987, Long-term perspective-changing rates and types of Quaternary surficial processes--erosion-deposition-stability cycles; in, Geomorphic Systems of North America, W. L. Graf, ed.: Geological Society of America, Decade of North American Geology, Centennial Special Volume 2, p.167-176

Moss, R. G., 1932, The geology of Ness and Hodgeman counties, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 19, 48 p. []

Mudge, B. F., 1876, Notes on the Tertiary and Cretaceous periods of Kansas: U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, F. V. Hayden, Bulletin 2, no. 3, p. 211-221

Naeser, C. W., Izett, G. A., and Wilcox, R. E., 1973, Zircon fission-track ages of Pearlette family ash beds in Meade County, Kansas: Geology, v. 1, p. 187-189

Nickel, G., Jr., 1972, Development and evaluation of field experience with a field guide to the study of Lower and middle Cretaceous rocks of Kansas in the Kanopolis and Wilson Reservoir area: M.S. thesis, Division of Physical Sciences, Emporia State University, Emporia, Kansas, 93 p.

North American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature, 1983, North American Stratigraphic Code: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Bulletin 67, p. 841-875

Norman, T. O., 1990, The natural history of Heberer's salt marsh, Russell County, Kansas: unpublished M.S. thesis, Fort Hays State University, Fort Hays, Kansas, 111 p.

Oviatt, C. G., Karlstrom, E. T., and Ransom, M. D., 1988, Pleistocene loess, buried soils, and thermoluminescence dates in an exposure near Milford Lake, Geary County, Kansas (abstract): Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 20, no. 2, p. 125-126

Paterson, W. S. B., and Hammer, C. U., 1987, Ice core and other glaciological data; in, North America and Adjacent Oceans During the Last Deglaciation, W. F. Ruddiman and H. E. Wright Jr., eds.: Geological Society of America, Decade of North American Geology, The Geology of North America, v. K-3, p. 91-109

Plummer, N. V., and Romary, J. F., 1942, Stratigraphy of the pre-Greenhorn Cretaceous beds of Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 41, pt. 9, p. 313-348 []

Reed, E. E., and Dreeszen, V. H., 1965, Revision of the classification of the Pleistocene deposits of Nebraska: Nebraska Geological Survey, Bulletin 23, 65 p.

Richmond, G. M., and Fullerton, D. S., 1986, Introduction to Quaternary glaciations in the United States of America; in, Quaternary Glaciations in the Northern Hemisphere, V. Sibrava, D. Q. Bowen, and G. M. Richmond, eds.: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 5, p. 3-10

Riggs, C. H., Huff, R. V., and Ward, D. C., 1963, Petroleum engineering study of the Hall-Gurney field, Russell County, Kansas: Production Monthly, v. 24, no. 7, p. 18-19, 22-25

Ross, J. A., and Wong, R. K.-W., 1989a, Oil and gas fields, Beloit quadrangle in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Map Series no. 18-2, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000

Ross, J. A., and Wong, R. K.-W., 1989b, Oil and gas fields, Great Bend quadrangle in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Map Series no. 18-7, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000

Ross, J. A., and Wong, R. K.-W., 1990a, Oil and gas fields, Beloit quadrangle in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Map Series no. 22-2, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000

Ross, J. A., and Wong, R. K.-W., 1990b, Oil and gas fields, Great Bend quadrangle in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Map Series no. 22-7, 1 sheet, 1:250,000

Rubey, W. W., and Bass, N. W., 1925, The geology of Russell County, Kansas, with special reference to oil and gas resources: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 10, pt. 1, p. 1-86 [available online]

Ruddiman, W. F., 1987, Synthesis--the ocean/ice sheet record; in, North America and adjacent oceans during the last deglaciation, W. F. Ruddiman and H. E. Wright, Jr., eds.: Geological Society of America, Decade of North American Geology, The Geology of North America, v. K-3, p. 463-478

Ruhe, R. V., 1956, Geomorphic surfaces and the nature of soils: Soil Science, v. 82, p. 441-455

Ruhe, R. V., 1969, Quaternary landscapes in Iowa: Iowa State University Press, Ames, 255 p.

Ruhe, R. V., 1976, Stratigraphy of midcontinent loess, U.S.A.; in, Quaternary Stratigraphy of North America, W. C. Mahaney, ed.: Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, Dowden, Hutchinson, and Ross, p. 197-211

Ruhe, R. V., 1983, Depositional environment of late Wisconsin loess in the midcontinental United States; in, Late Quaternary Environments of the United States-v. I, The Late Pleistocene, S. C. Porter, ed.: Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, p. 130-137

Ruhe, R. V., and Olson, C. G., 1980, Clay-mineral indicators of glacial and nonglacial sources of Wisconsinan loess in southern Indiana, USA: Geoderma, v. 240, p. 283-297

Ruhe, R. V., Hall, R. D., and Canepa, A. P., 1974, Sangamon paleosols of southwestern Indiana, USA: Geoderma, v, 12, p.191-200

Ruhe, R. v., Miller, G. A., and Vreeken, W. J., 1971, Paleosols, loess sedimentation, and soil stratigraphy; in, Paleopedology--Origin, Nature, and Dating of Paleosols, D. H. Yaalon, ed.: Jerusalem, Israel, Hebrew University Press, p.41-60

Runyon, H. E., and Rankin, R., 1940, Chemical analyses of some oil-well waters of Russell, Ellis, and Trego counties, Kansas: Kansas Academy of Science, Transactions, v. 43, p. 235-241

Russell, W. L., 1929, Stratigraphy and structure of the Smoky Hill Chalk in western Kansas: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Bulletin 13, p. 595-604

Schaetzl, R. J., 1986, The Sangamon paleosol in Brown County. Kansas: Kansas Academy of Science, Transactions, v. 89, p. 152-161

Schultz, C. B., and Martin. L. C., 1970, Quaternary mammalian sequence in the central Great Plains; in, Pleistocene and Recent Environments of the Central Great Plains, W. Dort, Jr., and J. K. Jones, eds.: Lawrence, University Press of Kansas, p.341-353

Schultz, C. B., and Stout, T. M., 1945, Pleistocene loess deposits of Nebraska: American Journal of Science, v. 243, p. 231-244

Schultz, C. B., and Stout, T. M., 1948, Pleistocene mammals and terraces in the Great Plains: Geological Society of America, Bulletin 59, p. 553-591

Schultz, C. B., Stout, T. M., and Tanner, L. G., 1957, Medial Pleistocene fossil vertebrate localities in Nebraska: University of Nebraska, State Museum, Bulletin 4, p. 59-81

Shimek, B., 1909, Aftonian sands and gravels in western Iowa: Geological Society of America, Bulletin 20, p. 399-408

Siemers, C. T., 1971a, Deltaic deposits of upper part of the Dakota Formation (Upper Cretaceous), central Kansas (abstract): American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Bulletin 55, no. 2, p. 364

Siemers, C. T., 1971b, Stratigraphy, paleoecology, and environmental analysis of upper part of Dakota Formation (Cretaceous), central Kansas: Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Geology, Indiana University, Bloomington, 287 p.

Siemers, C. T., 1976, Sedimentology of the Rocktown channel sandstone, upper pan of the Dakota Formation (Cretaceous), central Kansas: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 46, no. 1, p.97-123

Simonson, R. W., 1941, Studies of buried soils formed from till in Iowa: Soil Science Society of America, Proceedings, v. 6, p.373-381

Sorensen, J. H., 1994, Bibliography of Kansas geology, 1885-1989: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 234, 158 p.

Sorensen, J. H., Johnsgard, S. J., and Wozencraft, C., 1989, Bibliography of Kansas geology, 1823-1984: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 221, 418 p.

St. John, O. H., 1883, Sketch of the geology of Kansas: Kansas State Board of Agriculture, Third Biennial Report, p. 571-599

Steeples, D. W., Knapp, R. w., and McElwee, C. D., 1986, Seismic reflection investigations of sinkholes beneath Interstate Highway 70 in Kansas: Geophysics, v. 51, no. 2, p. 295-301

Terasmae, J., and Dreimanis, A., 1976, Quaternary stratigraphy of southern Ontario; in, Quaternary Stratigraphy of North America, W. C. Mahaney, ed.: Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, Dowden, Hutchinson, and Ross, p. 51-63

Thorpe, J., Johnson, W. M., and Reed, E. C., 1951, Some post-Pliocene buried soils of central United States: Journal of Soil Science, v. 2, p. 1-22

Voorhies, M. R., 1990, Vertebrate biostratigraphy of the Ogallala Group in Nebraska; in, Geologic Framework and Regional Hydrology-Upper Cenozoic Blackwater Draw and Ogallala Formations, Great Plains, T. C. Gustavson, ed.: Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, Texas, p. 115-151

Ward, P. A., III, 1991, Preliminary correlations of southern High Plains border ashes; in, A Prehistory of the Plains Border Region, B. J. Carter and P. A. Ward, III, eds.: Guidebook, South-central Friends of the Pleistocene, Department of Agronomy, Oklahoma State University, p. 65-72

Ward, P. A., III, Carter, B. J., and Weaver, B., 1993, Volcanic ashes-time markers in soil parent materials of the southern Plains: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 57, p. 453-460

Watson, R. A., and Wright, H. E., Jr., 1980, The end of the Pleistocene--a general critique of chronostratigraphic classification: Boreas, v. 9, p. 153-163

Wayne, W. J., and Aber, J. S., 1991, High Plains and plains border sections in Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma; in, Quaternary Nonglacial Geology--Conterminous U.S., R. B. Morrison, ed.: Geological Society of America, Geology of North America, v. K-2, p. 462-469

Welch, J. E., and Hale, J. M., 1987, Pleistocene loess in Kansas--status, present problems, and future considerations; in, Quaternary Environments of Kansas, W. C. Johnson, ed.: Kansas Geological Survey, Guidebook Series 5, p. 67-84 [available online]

Willman, H. B., and Frye, J. C., 1970, Pleistocene stratigraphy of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 94, 204 p.


Prev Page--Recent Geologic History

Kansas Geological Survey, Geology
Placed on web April 8, 2013; originally published 1996.
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
The URL for this page is http://www.kgs.ku.edu/Publications/Bulletins/TS7/05_ref.html