Skip Navigation

Outcropping Rocks in Kansas

Prev Page--Paleozoic


Igneous Rocks

Outcrops of igneous rocks of unknown age occur in two Kansas counties. In Riley County three small pluglike masses of dark basic rock are exposed, and in Woodson County a granite dike is exposed. The Riley County igneous rocks are intruded in sedimentary rocks of Wolfcampian age, and the Woodson County granite cuts rocks of Missourian age.

Granite--A dike of coarse-grained granite occurs in Woodson County. The outcrop extends from near the center of sec. 13, T. 26 S., R. 16 E. eastward to a point slightly beyond the township line.

Basic volcanic rock--Three outcrops of basic volcanic rock occur in Riley County. The locations of the three small outcrops are: (1) sec. 22, T. 8 S., R. 5 E.; (2) sec. 23, T. 8 S., R. 6 E.; (3) sec. 6, T. 9 S., R. 5 E.

Bibliography of Outcropping Rocks

References that give the most adequate description of the formations included in this report have been selected. The paper in which a formation was originally named is not necessarily included if it has been superseded by a more recent or more comprehensive discussion. The references are grouped by stratigraphic divisions.

Cenozoic

Eastern Kansas

Frye, J. C., 1941, Reconnaissance of ground-water resources in Atchison County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 38, pt. 9, pp. 237-260, figs. 1-6, pls, 1-3. [available online]

Kay, G. F., and Apfel, E. T., 1928, The pre-Illinoian Pleistocene geology of Iowa: Iowa Geol. Survey Ann. Rept., vol. 34, pp. 1-304, figs. 1-63, pls, 1-3.

Schoewe, W. H., 1923, Glacial geology of Kansas: Pan-Am. Geologist, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 102-110, pl. 1.

Schoewe, W. H., 1930, Evidences for a relocation of the drift border in eastern Kansas: Jour. Geology, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 67-74, figs. 1, 2.

Schoewe, W. H., 1938, The west Atchison glacial section (abstract): Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 41, p. 227.

Schoewe, W. H., 1939, Evidences for the relocation of west drift border in eastern Kansas: Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 42, p. 367, fig. 1.

Todd, J. E., 1918, Kansas during the ice age: Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 28, pp. 33-47.

Todd, J. E., 1918, History of Kaw lake: Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 28, pp. 187-199, figs. 1-3.

Central Kansas

Frye, J. C., and Hibbard, C. W., 1941, Stratigraphy and paleontology of a new middle and upper Pliocene formation of south-central Kansas: Jour. Geology, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 261-278, figs. 1-6.

Frye, J. C., Leonard, A. B., and Hibbard, C. W., 1943, Westward extension of the Kansas "Equus beds": Jour. Geology, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 33-47, figs. 1-'3.

Haworth, Erasmus, and Beede, J. W., 1897, the McPherson Equus beds: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 2, pp. 285-296.

Knight, G. L., 1934, Gerlane formation (abstract): Geol. Soc. America, Proc. 1933, p. 91.

Lohman, S. W., and Frye, J. C., 1940, Geology and ground-water resources of the "Equus beds" area in south central Kansas: Econ. Geology, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 839-866, figs. 1-5.

Wing, M. E., 1930, The geology of Cloud and Republic counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 15, pp. 1-51, figs. 1, 2, pls. 1-18. [available online]

Southwestern Kansas

Frye, J. C., 1942, Geology and ground-water resources of Meade County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 45, pp. 1-152, figs. 1-13, pls. 1-12. [available online]

Frye, J. C., and Hibbard, C. W., 1941, Pliocene and Pleistocene stratigraphy and paleontology of the Meade basin, southwestern Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 38, pt. 13, pp. 389-424, figs. 1-3, pls, 1-4. [available online]

Hibbard, C. W., 1941, New mammals from the Rexroad fauna, Upper Pliocene of Kansas: Am. Midland Naturalist, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 337-368, figs. 1-12, pls.I-3.

Hibbard, C. W., 1941, The Borchers fauna, a new Pleistocene interglacial fauna from Meade county, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 38, pt. 7, pp. 197-220, pls. 1, 2. [available online]

Hibbard, C. W., 1944, Stratigraphy and vertebrate paleontology of Pleistocene deposits of southwestern Kansas: Geol. Soc. America Bull., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 707 -754, figs. 1-20, pls. 1-3.

Johnson, W. D., 1901 The High Plains and their utilization: U.S. Geol. Survey, 21st Ann. Rept., pt. 4, pp. 601-741, pls. 113-156; 22d Ann. Rept., pt. 4, pp. 631-669, pls. 51-65.

Latta, B. F., 1941, Geology and ground-water resources of Stanton county, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 37, pp. 1-119, figs. 1-6, pls, 1-9.

Latta, B. F., 1944, Geology and ground-water resources of Finney and Gray counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 55, pp. 1-272, figs. 1-21, pls, 1-12. [available online]

McGrew, P. O., 1944, An early Pleistocene (Blancan) fauna from Nebraska: Field Mus. Nat. History, Geol. Ser., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 33-66, figs. 14-22.

McLaughlin, T. G., 1942, Geology and ground-water resources of Morton County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 40, pp. 1-126, figs. 1-6, pls. 1-9. [available online]

McLaughlin, T. G., 1943, Geology and ground-water resources of Hamilton and Kearny counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 49, pp. 1-220, figs. 1-18, pls. 1-17. [available online]

Smith, H. T. U., 1940, Geologic studies in southwestern Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 34, pp. 1-212, figs. 1-22, pls. 1-34.

Waite, H. A., 1942, Geology and ground-water resources of Ford County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 43, pp. 1-250, figs. 1-22, pls. 1-16. [available online]

Northwestern Kansas

Darton, N. H., 1899, Preliminary report on the geology and water resources of Nebraska west of the one hundred and third meridian: U.S. Geol. Survey, 19th Ann. Rept., pt. 4, pp. 719-785, pls. 74-118. Reprinted as U.S. Geol. Survey, Prof. Paper 17 (1903).

Elias, M. K., 1931, The geology of Wallace County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 18, pp. 1-254, figs. 1-7, pls. 1-42. [available online]

Elias, M. K., 1937, Geology of Rawlins and Decatur counties with special reference to water resources: Kansas Geol. Survey, Mineral Resources Circ. 7, pp. 1-25, figs. 1-4. [available online]

Haworth, Erasmus, 1897, Physical properties of the Tertiary: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 2, pp. 247-284, pls. 36-44.

Hibbard, C. W., 1939, Notes on additional fauna of Edson Quarry of the Middle Pliocene of Kansas: Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 42, pp. 457-462, figs. 1-6.

Hibbard, C. W., Frye, J. C., and Leonard, A. B., 1944, Reconnaissance of Pleistocene deposits in north-central Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 52, pt. 1, pp. 1-28, figs. 1, 2, pls, 1, 2. [available online]

Leonard, A. B., and Frye, J. C., 1943, Additional studies of the Sanborn formation, Pleistocene, in northwestern Kansas: Am. Jour. Sci., vol. 241, pp. 453- 462, figs. 1-3, pl. 1.

Mesozoic

Cretaceous

Bass, N. W., 1926, The geology of Ellis County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 11, pt. I, pp. 11-52, figs. 1-12, pls. 1-4. [available online]

Bass, N. W., 1926, The geology of Hamilton County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 11, pt. II, pp. 53-83, figs. 13-26, pls. 5, 6. [available online]

Dott, R. H., 1941, Regional stratigraphy of Mid-Continent: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 25. no. 9, pp. 1619-1705, figs. 1-8.

Elias, M. K., 1931, The geology of Wallace County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 18, pp. 1-254, figs. 1-7, pls, 1-42. [available online]

Frye, J. C., and Brazil, J, J., 1943, Ground water in the oil-field areas of Ellis and Russell counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 50, pp. 1-104, figs. 1-9, pls, 1, 2. [available online]

Landes, K. K., 1930, The geology of Mitchell and Osborne counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 16, pp. 1-55, fig. 1, pls, 1-15. [available online]

Landes, K. K., and Keroher, R. P., 1942, Mineral resources of Phillips County: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 41, pt. 8, pp. 277-312, figs. 1-5, pls, 1-4. [available online]

Latta, B. F., 1941, Geology and ground-water resources of Stanton county, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 37, pp. 1-119, figs. 1-6, pls, 1-9.

Logan, W. N., 1897, The Upper Cretaceous of Kansas: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 2, pp. 199-234, figs. 10, 11, pls. 25-34.

McLaughlin, T. G., 1943, Geology and ground-water resources of Hamilton and Kearny counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 49, pp. 1-220, figs. 1-18, pls.1-17. [available online]

Moore, R. C., and Landes, K. K., 1937, Geologic map of Kansas, scale 1: 500,000. Kansas Geol. Survey.

Moss, R. G., 1932, The geology of Ness and Hodgeman counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 19, pp. 1-48, fig. 1, pls, 1-7. [available online]

Plummer, Norman, and Romary, J. F., 1942, Stratigraphy of the pre-Greenhorn Cretaceous beds of Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 41, pt. 9, pp. 313-348, figs. 1-4, pls. 1, 2. [available online]

Prosser, C. S., 1897, The Upper Permian and the Lower Cretaceous: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 2, pp. 55-194, figs. 2-9, pls. 9-24.

Rubey, W. W., and Bass, N. W., 1925, The geology of Russell County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 10, pp. 1-104, figs. 1-11, pls, 1-7. [available online]

Tester, A. C., 1931, The Dakota stage of the type locality: Iowa Geol. Survey, vol. 35, pp. 195-332, figs. 25-44, pls, 3, 4.

Twenhofel, W. H., 1924, The geology and invertebrate paleontology of the Comanchean and "Dakota" formations of Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 9, pp. 1-135, pls. 1-23. [available online]

Waite, H. A., 1942, Geology and ground-water resources of Ford County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 43, pp. 1-250, figs. 1-22, pls, 1-16. [available online]

Wing, M. E., 1930, The geology of Cloud and Republic counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 15, pp. 1-51, figs. 1, 2, pls. 1-18. [available online]

Triassic

McLaughlin, T. G., 1942, Geology and ground-water resources of Morton County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 40, pp. 1-126, figs. 1-6, pls. 1-9. [available online]

Paleozoic

Permian

Adams, G. I., Girty, G. H., and White, David, 1903, Stratigraphy and paleontology of the Upper Carboniferous rocks of the Kansas section: U.S. Geol. Survey; Bull. 211, pp. 1-123, pls, 1-4. [available online]

Adams, J. E., and others, 1939, Standard Permian section of North America: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1673-1681.

Bass, N. W., 1929, The geology of Cowley County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 12, pp. 1-203, figs. 1-23, pls. 1-12. [available online]

Beede, J. W., 1898, The stratigraphy of Shawnee County: Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 15, pp. 27-34.

Beede, J. W., 1909, Formations of the Marion stage of the Kansas Permian: Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 22, pp. 248-256.

Boos, M. F., 1929, Stratigraphy and fauna of the Luta limestone (Permian) of Oklahoma and Kansas: Jour. Paleontology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 241-253, figs. 1-3, pl. 1.

Broadhead, G. C., 1884, Carboniferous rocks of eastern Kansas: St. Louis Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 4, pt. 3, pp. 481-493.

Condra, G. E., 1927, The stratigraphy of the Pennsylvanian system in Nebraska: Nebraska Geol. Survey, 2d ser., Bull. I, pp. 1-291, figs. 1-38, pls, 1-7.

Condra, G. E., and Bengston, N. A., 1915, The Pennsylvanian formations of southeastern Nebraska: Nebraska Acad. Sci., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1-60.

Condra, G. E., and Busby, C. E., 1933, The Grenola formation: Nebraska Geol. Survey, Paper 1, pp. 1-31, figs. 1, 2.

Condra, G. E., and Upp, J. E., 1931, Correlation of the Big Blue series in Nebraska: Nebraska Geol. Survey, 2d ser., Bull. 6, pp. 1-74, figs. 1-15.

Cragin, F. W., 1896, The Permian system in Kansas: Colorado College Studies, vol. 6, pp. 1-48.

Dott, R. H., 1941, Regional stratigraphy of Mid-Continent: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1619-1705, figs. 1-8.

Elias, M. K., 1934, Cycles of sedimentation in the Big Blue series of Kansas (abstract): Geol. Soc. America, Proc. 1933, p. 366.

Elias, M. K., 1937, Depth of deposition of the Big Blue (Late Paleozoic) sediments in Kansas: Geol. Soc. America Bull., vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 403-432, figs. 1-4, pl. 1.

Fath, A. E., 1921, Geology of the El Dorado oil and gas field: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 7, pp. 1-187, figs. 1-9, pls. 1-19.

Hay, Robert, 1891, Kansas State Board Agr., 7th Biennial Rept., pp. 83-96.

Hay, Robert, 1893, Kansas State Board Agr., 8th Biennial Rept., pp. 99-162, map.

Hay, Robert, 1896, The geology of the Fort Riley Military Reservation and vicinity, Kansas: U.S. Geol. Survey, Bull. 137, pp. 1-35, pls. 1-8. [available online]

Jewett, J. M., 1933, Evidence of cyclic sedimentation in Kansas during the Permian period: Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans., vol. 36, pp.137-140, figs. 1, 2.

Jewett, J. M., 1941, The geology of Riley and Geary counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 39, pp. 1-164, figs. 1, 2, pls, 1-17. [available online]

Kirk, M. Z., 1896, A geologic section along the Neosho and Cottonwood rivers: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 1, pp. 72-85. [available online]

Meek, F. B., and Hayden, F. V., 1860, Geological explorations in Kansas Territory: Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Proc., vol. 11, pp. 8-75.

Moore, R. C., 1918, The environment of Camp Funston: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 4, pp. 1-81, figs. 1-37, pls. 1-11. [available online]

Moore, R. C., 1940, Carboniferous-Permian boundary: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 282-336, figs. 1-5.

Moore, R. C., Elias, M. K., and Newell, N. D., 1934, Pennsylvanian and Permian rocks in Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, chart.

Moore, R. C., and Landes, K. K., 1937, Geologic map of Kansas, scale 1: 500,000: Kansas Geol. Survey.

Moore, R. C., and Moss, R. G., 1934, Permian-Pennsylvanian boundary in the northern Midcontinent area (abstract): Geol. Soc. America, Proc. 1933, p. 100.

Moore, R. C., and others, 1932, Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 6th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 1-124, figs. and maps.

Moore, R. C., and others, , 1936, Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 10th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 1-73, figs. 1-47.

Norton, G. H., 1939, Permian redbeds of Kansas: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 1751-1819, figs. 1-24.

Prosser, C. S., 1894, Kansas river section of the Permo-Carboniferous and Permian rocks of Kansas: Geol. Soc. America Bull., vol. 6, pp. 29-54.

Prosser, C. S., 1895, The classification of the upper Paleozoic rocks of central Kansas: Jour. Geology, vol. 3, pp. 682-705, 764-800.

Prosser, C. S., 1897, The upper Permian and the lower Cretaceous: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 2, pp. 54-194, figs. 2-9, pls, 9-24.

Prosser, C. S., 1902, Revised classification of the upper Paleozoic formations of Kansas: Jour. Geology, vol. 10, pp. 700-737.

Prosser, C. S., and Beede, J. W., 1904, Description of the Cottonwood Falls quadrangle (Kansas): U.S. Geol. Survey, Geol. Atlas Cottonwood Falls folio (no. 109), pp. 1-6, 2 maps. [available online]

Swallow, G. C., 1866, Preliminary report: Kansas Geol. Survey, pp. 1-198.

Pennsylvanian

Abernathy, G. E., 1937, The Cherokee group of southeastern Kansas: Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 11th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 18-23, figs. 5, 6.

Adams, G. I., 1896, A geologic section from Galena to Wellington, Kansas: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 1, pp. 16-30. [available online]

Adams, G. I., Girty, G. H., and White, David, 1903, Stratigraphy and paleontology of the Upper Carboniferous rocks of the Kansas section: U.S. Geol. Survey, Bull. 211, pp. 1-123, pls. 1-4. [available online]

Beede, J. W., and Rogers, A. F., 1908, Coal Measures faunal studies; faunal divisions of the Kansas Coal Measures: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 9, pp. 318-385, figs. 1-3, pl. 42.

Bennett, John, 1896, Geologic section along the Missouri Pacific railway from the State line, Bourbon County, to Yates Center: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 1, pp: 86-98, fig. 4. [available online]

Bowsher, A. L., and Jewett, J. M., 1943, Coal resources of the Douglas group in east-central Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 46, pp. 1-94, figs. 1-12, pls. 1-6. [available online]

Condra, G. E., 1927, The stratigraphy of the Pennsylvanian system in Nebraska: Nebraska Geol. Survey, 2d ser., Bull. 1, pp. 1-291, figs. 1-38, pls. 1-7.

Condra, G. E., and Reed, E. C., 1943, The geological section of Nebraska: Nebraska Geol. Survey, Bull. 14, pp. 1-82, figs. 1-25.

Dott, R. H., 1941, Regional stratigraphy of Mid-Continent: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1619-1705, figs. 1-8.

Haworth, Erasmus, 1896, Special report on coal: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 3, pp.1-347, figs. 1-54, pls. 1-70.

Haworth, Erasmus, and Bennett, John, 1908, Special report on oil and gas: Kansas Univ. Geol. Survey, vol. 9, pp. 42-121, pls. 4-40.

Jewett, J. M., 1932, Brief discussion of the Bronson group in Kansas: Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 6th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 99-103.

Jewett, J. M., 1937, Lateral changes in the lower Missouri beds of southeastern Kansas: Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 11th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 35-37, figs. 11, 12.

Jewett, J. M., 1940, Oil and gas in Linn County, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull., 30, pp. 1-29, figs. 1-7, pls. 1-3. [available online]

Jewett, J. M., 1941, Classification of the Marmaton group, Pennsylvanian, in Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 38, pt. 11, pp. 285-344, pls. 1-9. [available online]

Jewett, J. M., and Newell, N. D., 1935, The geology of Wyandotte county, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 21, pt. 2, pp. 151-205, fig. 2, pls. 13-23. [available online]

Moore, R. C., 1931, Pennsylvanian cycles in the northern Mid-Continent region: Illinois Geol. Survey, Bull. 60, pp. 247-257, figs. 1-3.

Moore, R. C., 1932, A reclassification of the Pennsylvanian system in the northern Mid-Continent region: Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 6th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 79-98, figs. 1-4.

Moore, R. C., 1935, Late Paleozoic crustal movements of Europe and North America: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1253-1307, figs. 1-14.

Moore, R. C., 1936, Stratigraphic classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 22, pp. 1-256, figs. 1-12. [available online]

Moore, R. C., 1936, "Carboniferous" rocks of North America: 16th Internat. Geol. Cong. Rept., vol. 1, pp. 593-617, figs. 1-8, pls. 1-3.

Moore, R. C., and Landes, K. K., 1937, Geologic map of Kansas, scale 1: 500,000: Kansas Geol. Survey.

Moore, R. C., and others, 1932, Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 6th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 1-124, figs. and maps.

Moore, R. C., and others, 1936, Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 10th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 1-73, figs. 1-47.

Moore, R. C., and others, 1937, Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 11th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 1.,.108, figs. 1-34, map.

Moore, R. C., and others, 1944, Correlation of the Pennsylvanian formations of North America: Geol. Soc. America Bull., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 657-706, pl. 1.

Newell, N. D., 1935, Geology of Johnson and Miami counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 21, pt. 1, pp. 1-120, fig. 1, pls, 1-12. [available online]

Oakes, M. C., and Jewett, J. M., 1943, Upper Desmoinesian and lower Missourian rocks in northeastern Oklahoma and southeastern Kansas: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 632-640, fig. 1.

Pierce, W. G., and Courtier, W. H., 1935, Englevale channel sandstone of Pennsylvanian age, southeastern Kansas: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 1061-1068, figs. 1-3.

Pierce, W. G., and Courtier, W. H., 1938, Geology and coal resources of the southeastern Kansas coal field: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 24, pp. 1-122, figs. 1-13, pls, 1-12. [available online]

Mississippian

Fowler, G. M., 1935, Geology of the Tri-State district (abstract with discussion): Tulsa Geol. Soc. Digest, pp. 43-47.

Fowler, G. M., Lyden, J. P., Gregory, F. E., and Agar, W. M., 1935, Chertification in the Tri-State (Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri) mining district (with discussion): Am. Inst. Min. Met. Eng. Trans., vol. 115, Mining geology, pp. 106-163, figs. 1-32.

Landes, K. K., 1937, The Tri-State zinc-lead district: Kansas Geol. Soc. Guidebook 11th Ann. Field Conference, pp. 96-98.

Moore, R. C., Fowler, G. M., and Lyden, J. P., 1939, Tri-state district of Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma; in, Contributions to a knowledge of the lead and zinc deposits of the Mississippi valley region, edited by E. S. Bastin: Geol. Soc. America, Special Paper 24, pp. 1-12, pl. 1.

Moore, R. C., and Landes, K. K., 1937, Geologic map of Kansas, scale 1: 500,000: Kansas Geol. Survey.

Igneous Rocks

Jewett, J. M., 1941, The geology of Riley and Geary counties, Kansas: Kansas Geol. Survey, Bull. 39, pp. 1-164 (note pp. 96-99), figs. 1-6, pls, 1-17. [available online]

Knight, G. L., and Landes, K. K., 1932, Kansas laccoliths: Jour. Geology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 1-15, figs. 1-3.

Moore, R. C., and Haynes, W. P., 1920, An outcrop of basic igneous rocks in Kansas: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 183-187.

Twenhofel, W. H., 1926, Intrusive granite of the Rose dome, Woodson County, Kansas: Geol. Soc. America Bull., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 403-412, figs. 1, 2.

Index of Stratigraphic Names

(Abandoned or unrecognized terms in italics.)

Aarde shale, 176
Abilene conglomerate, 146
Admire group, 168
Aftonian interglacial deposits, 146
Alluvium, 145
Altamont limestone, 195
Amazonia limestone, 182
Americus limestone, 165, 168
Anna shale, 196
Ardmore limestone, 199
Argentine limestone, 187, 188
Aspinwall limestone, 169
Auburn shale, 175
Avant limestone, 189
Avoca limestone, 179

Bachelor Creek limestone, 176
Bader limestone, 166
Bandera Quarry sandstone, 196
Bandera shale, 194, 196
Barneston limestone, 164
"Bartlesville sand," 199
Beattie limestone, 166
Beecher Island shale, 151
Beil limestone, 180
Belleville formation, 146
Belvidere formation, 154
Bennett shale, 168
Bethany Falls limestone, 192
Bevier coal, 199
Big Blue series, 160
Bigelow formation, 165
Big Springs limestone, 180
Blackjack Creek limestone, 197
Blaine formation, 158
Block limestone, 191
Blue Hill shale, 152
Bluejacket sandstone, 199_
Blue Rapids shale, 165
Blue Springs shale, 164
Bonner Springs shale, 187
Boone formation, 200
Bourbon shale, 193
Breezy Hill limestone, 197
Bridge Creek limestone, 153
Bronson group, 191
Brownville limestone, 170, 172
Burlingame limestone, 175
Burr limestone, 167

Calhoun shale, 178
Caneyville limestone, 172
Canville limestone, 192
Captain Creek limestone, 186
Carboniferous system, 170
Carlile shale, 152
Carlton limestone, 160
Cedar Bluff coal, 192
Cedar Hills sandstone, 158
Cedar Vale shale, 176
Cement City limestone, 190
Cenozoic rocks, 143, 145, 150, 159
Champion shell bed, 154
Chanute shale, 189
Chase group, 160
Checkerboard limestone, 194
Cherokee shale, 197
Cherryvale shale, 191
Chert gravels, 148
Chesterian series, 200
Cheyenne sandstone, 153, 154, 158
Chicago Mound formation, 169
Chikaskia member, 159
Church limestone, 176
Clay Creek limestone, 180
Coal Creek limestone, 177
Cockrum sandstone, 153
Codell sandstone, 152
Coffeyville formation, 192, 193
Colorado group, 152
Columbus coal, 199
Comanchean series, 154
Corbin City limestone, 190
Cottage Grove sandstone, 189
Cottonwood limestone, 165, 167
Council Grove group, 165
Cresswell limestone, 163
Cretaceous system, 144, i51, 155
Crisfield sandstone, 159
Critzer limestone, 193
Crouse limestone, 165
Croweburg coal, 199
"Cryptozoan limestone," 175
Curzon limestone, 178

Dakota formation, 153, 154
Dakota group, 153, 154
Day Creek dolomite, 157
Deer Creek limestone, 178
Dennis limestone, 191
Desmoinesian series, 194
?Dockum group, 156
Dodds Creek sandstone, 192
Dog Creek shale, 157, 158
Doniphan shale, 180
Douglas group, 182
Dover limestone, 170, 173
Doyle shale, 163
Drum limestone, 190
Dry shale, 173
Du Bois limestone, 177
Dune sand, 145

Easly Creek shale, 166
Eiss limestone, 166
Elgin sandstone, 180
Elk River beds, 154
Ellsworth formation, 153
Elmdale shale, 165
Elmo coal, 176
Elmont limestone, 174
Emma Creek formation, 148
Emporia limestone, 174
Englevale sandstone, 197
Ervine Creek limestone, 179
Eskridge shale, 165, 167
Eudora shale, 186

Fairport chalky shale, 152
Falls City limestone, 169
Farley limestone, 188
"Fencepost limestone bed," 153
Five Point limestone, 169
Fleming coal, 199
Florena shale, 166
Florence limestone, 164
Flowerpot shale, 158
Fontana shale, 191
Foraker limestone, 168
Fort Hays limestone, 152
Fort Riley limestone, 164
Fort Scott limestone, 197
French Creek shale, 173
Friedrich shale, 173
Frisbie limestone, 188
Funston limestone, 165

Gage shale, 163
Galesburg shale, 192
Garrison shale, 165, 166
Gerlane formation, 146
Glenrock limestone, 168
Grandhaven limestone, 173
Graneros shale, 153
Grant shale, 163
Grayhorse limestone, 172
Greenhorn limestone, 152
Greenleaf sandstone, 154
Grenola limestone, 167
Guadalupian series, 156
Gulfian series, 151

Hamlin shale, 169
Happy Hollow limestone, 176
Harper sandstone, 159
Hartford limestone, 178
Hartland shale, 153
Harveyville shale, 174
Haskell limestone, 183
Haskew gypsum, 158
Havensville shale, 165
Hawxby shale, 169
Heebner shale, 181
Henrietta group, 194
Hepler sandstone, 194
Herington limestone, 154, 160
Hertha limestone, 187, 191, 193, 194
Heumader shale, 181
Hickory Creek shale, 187
Higginsville limestone, 197
Hogshooter limestone, 191
Hollenberg limestone, 160
Holmesville shale, 164
Holt shale, 177
Hooser shale, 166
Houchen Creek limestone, 169
Houx limestone, 197
Howard limestone, 176
Howe limestone, 167
Hughes Creek shale, 168
Hushpuckney shale, 192
Hutchinson salt, 160

Iatan limestone, 184
Idenbro limestone, 195
Igneous rocks, 144, 200
Indian Cave sandstone, 170
Iola limestone, 189
Iowa Point shale, 178
Ireland sandstone, 182
Island Creek shale, 188

Jackson Park shale, 181
Janssen clay, 153
Jetmore chalk, 153
Jim Creek limestone, 173
Johnson shale, 168
Jones Point shale, 177
Jurassic, 151, 154

Kansan till, 146, 148
Kansas City formation, 187, 191
Kansas City group, 187
Kansas City oolite, 190
Kanwaka shale, 180
Keokuk limestone, 200
Kereford limestone, 181
King Hill shale, 180
Kingman sandstone, 159
Kingsdown silt, 147
Kinney limestone, 164
Kiowa shale, 153, 154
Knobtown sandstone, 193
Krider limestone, 163

Laberdie limestone, 196
Labette shale, 196
Ladore shale, 193
Lake Creek shale, 151
Lake Neosho shale, 195
Lane-Bonner Springs shale, 188
Lane shale, 189
Langdon shale, 173
Lanphier beds, 154
Lansing group, 186
Larsh-Burroak shale, 179
Laverne formation, 149
Lawrence shale, 182
Leavenworth limestone, 181
Lecompton limestone, 179
Legion shale, 167
Lenapah limestone, 195
Leonardian series, 157
Lincoln limestone, 153
Little Cabin sandstone, 199
Little Kaw limestone, 186
Little Osage shale, 197
Loess, 145, 146
Long Creek limestone, 168
Luta limestone, 163

McAlester formation, 199
McPherson formation, 146
Maple Hill limestone, 173
Marlow sandstone, 157
Marmaton group, 194
Marquette sandstone, 153
Matfield shale, 164
Meade formation, 147
Medicine bed, 154
Medicine Lodge gypsum, 158
Memorial shale, 194
Mentor beds, 154
Meramecian series, 200
Merriam limestone, 187
Mesozoic rocks, 143, 151, 156
Middleburg limestone, 166
Middle Creek limestone, 193
Milan limestone, 160
Mine Creek shale, 196
Mineral coal, 199
Mississippian system, 200
Missourian series, 184, 200
Montana group, 151
Morrill limestone, 166
Mound City shale, 193
Mulberry coal, 196
Mulky coal, 197
Muncie Creek shale, 189
Myrick Station limestone, 196

Natural Corral sandstone, 154
Nebraska City limestone, 172
Nebraskan till, 146, 148
Nescatunga gypsum, 158
Neva limestone, 165, 167
Ninnescah shale, 159
Niobrara chalk, 152
Nippewalla group, 157
Nodaway coal, 176
Nolans limestone, 160
Norfleet limestone, 195
Nowata shale, 195
Noxie sandstone, 190
Nyman coal, 173

Oaks shale, 169
Ochelata group, 187
Odell shale, 163
Ogallala formation, 149
Oketo shale, 164
Olathe limestone, 186
Oread limestone, 181
Osagian series, 200
Oskaloosa shale, 179
Ost limestone, 179
Ozawkie limestone, 179

Paddock shale, 163
Paleozoic rocks, 143, 156
Paola limestone, 189
Pawhuska formation, 177
Pawnee limestone, 196
Pedee group, 184
Pennsylvanian system, 170, 185, 198, 201
Permian system, 143, 156, 161, 162, 171
Perry Farm shale, 195
"Peru sand," 197
Pfeifer shale, 153
Pierre shale, 151
Pierson Point shale, 174
"Pilot" coal, 199
Plattsburg limestone, 187
Plattsmouth limestone, 181
Pleistocene series, 145, 146, 148
Pliocene series, 148
Pony Creek shale, 172

Quartermaster formation, 156, 157
Quartermaster group, 156
Quaternary system, 145
Queen Hill shale, 180
Quindaro shale, 188
Quivira shale, 190

Raytown limestone, 189
Reading limestone, 174
Recent series, 145
Red Eagle limestone, 167
Reeder sandstone, 153
Relay Creek? dolomite and sandstone, 157
Rexroad member, 149
Riverton coal, 199
Robbins shale, 183
Roca shale, 167
Rock Bluff limestone, 179
Rock Lake shale, 186
Rocktown channel sandstone, 153
Rulo limestone, 175
Runnymede sandstone, 159

Salem Point shale, 167
Sallyards limestone, 167
Salt Creek gravel beds, 146
Salt Grass shale, 151
Salt Plain formation, 159
Sanborn formation, 147
Schroyer limestone, 165
Scranton shale, 175
Severy shale, 176
Sharon Springs shale, 152
Shawnee group, 177
Sheldon limestone, 177
Shimer gypsum, 158
Sibley coal, 183
Silver Lake shale, 175
Smoky Hill chalk, 152
Sniabar limestone, 193
Snyderville shale, 182
Soldier Creek shale, 175
Solomon formation, 153
South Bend limestone, 186
Speiser shale, 165
Spring Branch limestone, 180
Spring Creek clay, 153
Spring Hill limestone, 187
"Squirrel sand," 199
Stanton limestone, 184, 186
Stark shale, 192
Stearns shale, 166
Stine shale, 169
Stokes sandstone, 154
Stonebreaker limestone, 174
Stone Corral dolomite, 159
Stoner limestone, 186
Stovall limestone, 163
Stranger formation, 183
Stull shale, 180
Summit coal, 197
Sumner group, 159
Swope limestone, 192

Table Creek shale, 173
Taloga formatton, 157
Tarkio limestone, 174
Tecumseh shale, 179
Terrace deposits, 146, 147
Terra Cotta clay, 153
Tertiary system, 143, 148
Thayer coal, 189
Threemile limestone, 165
Tina limestone, 196
Tonganoxie sandstone, 183
Topeka limestone, 177
Toronto limestone, 182
Towanda limestone, 163
Towle shale, 170
Triassic system, 151, 154
Turner Creek shale, 177

Utopia limestone, 176

Verdigris limestone, 199
Victory Junction shale, 186
Vilas shale, 187
Vinland shale, 183
Virgilian series, 170

Wabaunsee group, 170
Wakarusa limestone, 175
Walter Johnson sandstone, 195
Wamego shale, 174
Warner sandstone, 199
Warrensburg sandstone, 197
Warsaw limestone, 200
"Wayside sand," 195
Wea shale, 191
Wea-Quivira shale, 191
Weir-Pittsburg coal, 199
Wellington formation, 160
Weskran shale, 152
West Branch shale, 169
Westerville limestone, 190
Weston shale, 184
Westphalia limestone, 183
White Cloud shale, 176
Whitehorse sandstone, 157
Willard shale, 174
Williamsburg coal, 182
Winfield limestone, 163
Winterset limestone, 187, 191
Winzeler shale, 176
Wolfcampian series, 160, 200
Wolf River limestone, 178
Woodhouse clay, 149
Woods Siding formation, 172
Worland limestone, 195
Wreford limestone, 165
Wyandotte limestone, 188
Wymore shale, 184


Prev Page--Paleozoic

Kansas Geological Survey, Geology
Placed on web Jan. 18, 2017; originally published Oct. 25, 1944.
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
The URL for this page is http://www.kgs.ku.edu/Publications/Bulletins/52_4/07_biblio.html