Publications

High Resolution Seismic Reflection Seismic Surface Wave (MASW) EM/Magnetic/GPR Home


Reflection

SAGEEP 2002
Miller, R.D., and J. Xia, 2002, High-resolution seismic reflection investigation of a subsidence feature on US highway 50 near Hutchinson, Kansas: Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP 2002), Las Vegas, Nevada, February 10-13, Paper 13CAV6, published on CD.

KGS Open File Report 97-65--PDF
Addendum to High Resolution Seismic Reflection Survey at Mud Mountain Dam near Enumclaw, Washington, by Richard D. Miller, Joe M. Anderson, David R. Laflen, Brett C. Bennett, Choon B. Park
PDF file, 4.8 MB


KGS Open-file Report 97-12--PDF
High Resolution Seismic Reflection Survey to Map Bedrock and Glacial/Fluvial Layers at the U.S. Navy Northern Ordnance Plant (NIROP) in Fridley, Minnesota, by Richard D. Miller and Jianghai Xia.
PDF file, 10.1 MB


KGS Open File Report 96-32--PDF
Evaluation of Fault Scarp at Harlan County Lake, Harlan County, Nebraska using High Resolution Seismic Reflection Surveying, by Richard D. Miller and Donald W. Steeples
PDF file, 10.1 MB


KGS Open File Report 96-4--PDF

High Resolution Seismic Surveys at U.S. Marine Corps Air Station, Cherry Point, North Carolina, by Richard D. Miller and Jianghai Xia
PDF of report, 10.8 MB
PDF of appendices, 13.6 MB


KGS Open File Report 95-8--PDF
High Resolution Seismic Reflection Survey at Mud Mountain Dam near Enumclaw, Washington, by Richard D. Miller, Joe M. Anderson, David R. Laflen, Brett C. Bennett, Choon B. Park
PDF file, 5 MB


KGS Open-file Report 95-22--PDF

Shallow High Resolution Seismic Reflection Profiling at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland, by Richard D. Miller, Jianghai Xia, Joe M. Anderson, David R. Laflen, and Sara Marcus.
PDF file, 20.1 MB


KGS Open-file Report 94-25--PDF
High Resolution Seismic Reflection Survey Near SPR Surface Collapse Feature at Weeks Island, Louisiana: Expanded Final Report, by Richard D. Miller, Jianghai Xia, Joe M. Anderson, David R. Laflen, Jeffrey M. Erickson, P. Acker, and Mary C. Brohammer.
PDF file, 3.4 MB

KGS Open File Report 91-27--PDF
Seismic-reflection Processing Demonstration Using Eavesdropper, by Richard D. Miller and Donald W. Steeples
PDF file, 1.8 MB

Xia, J., and Miller, R.D., 2000, Fast estimation of parameters of a layered-dipping earth model by inverting reflected waves: Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, v. 5, no. 2, 21-29.

Xia, J., and Miller, R.D., 2000, Design of a hum filter for suppressing power-line noise in seismic data: Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, v. 5, no. 2, 31-38.

Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1998, Large near-surface velocity gradients on shallow seismic reflection data: Geophysics, 63, 1348-1356.

Doll, W.E., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1998, A non-invasive shallow seismic source comparison on the Oak Ridge Reservation, Tennessee: Geophysics, 63, 1318-1331.

Miller, R.D., Markiewicz, R.D., Merey, C., Xia, J., and Maples, C.G., 1995, Improvements in shallow high resolution seismic reflection through PC based systems: Computers & Geosciences, v. 21, no. 8, 957-964.

Doll, W.E., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1995, Comparison of swept and impulsive shallow seismic sources on the Oak Ridge Reservation, Tennessee [Abs.]: Supplement to EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Nov. 7, no. 46, p. F417.

Electromagnetic / Magnetic Methods / Ground Penetrating Radar

Electromagnetic Method

KGS Open File Report 2001-17
Feasibility Study on Using the Electromagnetic Method to Locate Abandoned Brine Wells in Hutchinson, Kansas, by Jianghai Xia

2002 SAGEEP Presentation
Using Electromagnetic Method to Locate Abandoned Brine Wells in Hutchinson, Kansas, by Jianghai Xia

Xia, J., and Williams, S.L., 2004, High-resolution magnetic survey used in searching for buried brine wells in Hutchinson, Kansas: in Johnson, K.S. and Neal, J.T. (eds.), Evaporate Karst and Engineering and Environmental Problems in the United States, Oklahoma Geological Survey Circular 109, 169-175.

Xia, J., Sprowl, D.R., and Steeples, D.W., 1996, A model of Precambrian geology of Kansas from gravity and magnetic data: Computers & Geosciences, 22, 883-895.

Xia, J., 1996, A geophysical model from potential-field data in Montgomery County: Geophysical Atlas of Kansas Hydrocarbon Pools, Kansas Geological Survey/Kansas Geological Society, Bulletin 237, p. 17 - 21.

Xia, J., and Sprowl, D.R., 1995, Moho depths in Kansas from gravity inversion assuming exponential density contrast: Computers & Geosciences, 21, 237-244.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Steeples, D.W., 1995, Aeromagnetic map of Kansas, reduced to the pole with second vertical derivative calculated: Kansas Geological Survey Map Series, M-41A.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Steeples, D.W., 1995, Bouguer gravity map of Kansas, second vertical derivative calculated: Kansas Geological Survey Map Series, M-41B.

Xia, J., Sprowl, D.R., Steeples, D.W., and Miller, R.D., 1995, Model of Precambrian geology of Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey Map Series, M-41C.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Steeples, D.W., 1995, Aeromagnetic map of Kansas, reduced to a horizontal plane and reduced to the pole: Kansas Geological Survey Map Series, M-41D.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Steeples, D.W., and Adkins-Heljeson, D., 1995, Residual Bouguer gravity map of Kansas, the second order regional trend removed: Kansas Geological Survey Map Series, M-41E.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Steeples, D.W., and Adkins-Heljeson, D., 1995, Residual aeromagnetic map of Kansas, second order regional trend removed: Kansas Geological Survey Map Series, M-41F.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Steeples, D.W., 1995, Elimination of edge effects in potential

Xia, J., Sprowl, D.R., and Adkins-Heljeson, D., 1993, Correction of topographic distortions in potential-field data: a fast and accurate approach: Geophysics, 58, 515-523.

Xia, J., Sprowl, D.R., and Adkins-Heljeson, D., 1993, Discussion and reply on Correction of topographic distortions in potential-field data: A fast and accurate approach: Geophysics, 58, 1874-1875.

Xia, J., and Sprowl, D.R., 1992, Inversion of potential field data by iterative forward modeling in the wave number domain: Geophysics, 57, 126-130.

Xia, J., and Sprowl, D.R., 1991, Correction of topographic distortions in gravity data: Geophysics, 56, 537-541.

Xia, J., Franseen, E.K., Miller, R.D., and Weis, T.V, in review, Application of deterministic deconvolution of ground-penetrating radar data in a study of carbonate strata: Journal of Applied Geophysics.

Xia, J., Franseen, E.K., Miller, R.D., Weis, T.V., and Byrnes, A.P., 2003, Improving ground-penetrating radar data in sedimentary rocks using deterministic deconvolution: Journal of Applied Geophysics, v. 54, no 1-2, 15-33.

High Resolution Magnetic Methods

KGS Open File Report 2002-43
Using the High Resolution Magnetic Methods to Locate Abandoned Brine Wells in Hutchinson, Kansas by Jianghai Xia

2003 SAGEEP Presentation
High Resolution Magnetic Methods to Locate Abandoned Brine Wells in Hutchinson, Kansas by Jianghai Xia

Ground-Penetrating-Radar

2001 SAGEEP Presentation
Deconvolution of Ground-Penetrating-Radar at a Limestone quarry by Jianghai Xia

Surface Wave / MASW

What is Surface Wave Research?
When seismic waves are generated at or near the earth's surface, surface waves are generated. If vertical seismic sources are used, the waves generated are called Rayleigh waves, or ground roll. In seismic reflection, ground roll is considered noise to be eliminated. Rayleigh waves have unique properties, however, which allow them to be used to obtain near-surface velocity profiles.

What are its applications?
Surface waves have been utilized in two distinct ways at KGS. Vs Profiling, or shear-wave velocity profiling evaluates the stiffness of subsurface material. Near surface imaging is a method used to detect anomalies below the ground.
How does surface wave research work?

A vibration of some sort, usually from an impulse or a specially equipped truck, is put into the earth's surface. Energy in the form of Rayleigh waves travels along the surface of the earth. Seismographs, connected to microphone-like device called geophones, convert the energy into images. The results are then processed by computers into images of the subsurface.

What research has the survey undertaken?
Click here for a complete listing of recent projects or use an interactive map.

What equipment is used?
Typical seismic acquisition systems consist of the following components.

Seismic Source--This is nothing more than an apparatus for delivering seismic energy into the ground. Sources can vary greatly in their size and complexity. All, however, share the following characteristics:

They must be repeatable. That is, the nature of the energy delivered into the ground (its amount and the time duration over which it is delivered) should not change as the source is used in different locations and

Time of delivery must be controllable. We must be able to tell exactly when the source delivered its energy into the ground. In some cases, we can control the time of delivery. In others, we simply note the time the source delivered its energy.

Geophones--These are devices capable of measuring ground motion generated by the seismic source. These typically convert the ground motion into electrical signals (voltages) that are recorded by a separate device.

Recording System--This actually consists of a number of components. In essence, this entire system does nothing more than store the ground motion detected by a number of geophones. This number could be quite large. Today, it is not unusual for oil exploration surveys to record ground motion detected by 1000's of seismometers at a time. In addition to recording ground motion, this system must also control the synchronization of the source. It consists of not only a "black box" to store information but also numerous electrical connections to the geophones and the source and usually a device to select subsets of the installed geophones to record.

Summary (KGS-99-09)
Miller, R.D., Xia, J., C. Park, Ivanov, J., Geier, N., and Laflen, D., 1999, Using MASW to map bedrock in Olathe, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 99-9.

Abstract (Mil-99-02)-PDF
Miller, R.D., Xia, J., Park, C.B., and Ivanov, J., 1999, Using MASW to map bedrock in Olathe, Kansas [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., p. 433-436.

Summary (KGS-00-04)
Miller, R.D., C.B. Park, J.M. Ivanov, J. Xia, D.R. Laflen, and C. Gratton, 2000, MASW to investigate anomalous near-surface materials at the Indian Refinery in Lawrenceville, Illinois: Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 2000-4.

Summary (KGS-99-33)
Miller, R.D., Xia, J., and Park, C.B., 1999, MASW to investigate subsidence in the Tampa, Florida area: Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 99-33.

Abstract (IVA-01-01)
Ivanov, J., Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., Xia, J., and Overton, R., 2001, Modal separation before dispersion curve extraction by MASW method: Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2001, Denver, Colorado, SSM-3.

Introduction (IVA-00-02)
Ivanov, J., C.B. Park, R.D. Miller, and J. Xia, 2000, Mapping Poisson's Ratio of unconsolidated materials from a joint analysis of surface-wave and refraction events: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP 2000), Arlington, Va., February 20-24, p. 11-19.

Summary (IVA-00-01)
Ivanov, J., C.B. Park, R.D. Miller, J. Xia, J.A. Hunter, R.L. Good, and R.A. Burns, 2000, Joint analysis of surface-wave and refraction events from river-bottom sediments [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Expl. Geophys., p. 1307-1310.

Summary (MIL-01-03)
Miller, R.D., Xia, J., and Park, C.B., 2001, Love waves: A menace to shallow shear wave reflection surveying; SEG 2001, p. 1377-1380.

Abstract (MIL-01-02)
Miller, R.D., Xia, J., Park, C.B., and Ivanov, J., 2001, Shear wave velocity field to detect anomalies under asphalt: Proceedings of the 52nd Highway Geology Symposium, May 16, Baltimore, Maryland.

Abstract (MIL-01-01)
Miller, R.D., Xia, J., Park, C.B., Hunter, J.A., and Harris, J.B., 2001, Comparing Shear-wave Velocity Profiles from Multi-channel Analysis of Surface Wave with Borehole Measurements: submitted to the Tenth International Conference on Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (SDEE) in Philadelphia in October 2001.

Abstract (MIL-00-01)
Miller, R.D., J. Xia, C.B. Park, and J. Ivanov, 2000, Shear wave velocity field from surface waves to detect anomalies in the subsurface: Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Application of Geophysical Methodologies to Transportation Facilities and Infrastructure, St. Louis, December 11-15, 2000.

Full Paper (MIL-99-03)
Miller, R.D., Xia, J., Park, C.B., and Ivanov, J., 1999, Multichannel analysis of surfaces waves to map bedrock: Leading Edge, v. 18, n. 12.

KGS Open-file Report 99-12
Seismic Surveys at Alabama Electric Cooperative's Proposed Damascus, Alabama Site, by Richard D. Miller and Jianghai Xia.
Main report--PDF, 15 MB
Appendix C report--PDF, 9.1 MB
Appendix C data--PDF, 7.7 MB

Summary (MIL-99-01)
Miller, R.D., Xia, J., Park, C.B., Davis, J.C., Shefchik, W.T., and Moore, L., 1999, Seismic techniques to delineate dissolution features in the upper 1000 ft at a power plant site [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., p. 492-495.

Abstract (PAR-02-04)
Park, C.B., Ryden, N., Westerhoff, R., and Miller, R.D., 2002, Lamb waves observed during MASW surveys [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Expl. Geophys., Salt Lake City, Utah, 2002.

Abstract (PAR-02-03)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Miura, H., 2002, Optimum field parameters of an MASW survey [Exp. Abs.]: SEG-J, Tokyo, May 22-23, 2002.

Summary (PAR-02-02)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Ivanov, J., 2002, Filtering surface waves: Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2002, Las Vegas, Nevada, 12SEI9.

Abstract (PAR-02-01)
Park, C.B., Ryden, N., Miller, R.D., and Ulriksen, P., 2002, Time break correction in multichannel simulation with one receiver (MSOR): Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2002, Las Vegas, Nevada, 12SEI3.

Abstract (PAR-01-05)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., and Ivanov, J., 2001, Characterization of geotechnical sites by Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) method: submitted to the Tenth International Conference on Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (SDEE) in Philadelphia in October 2001.


Summary (PAR-01-04)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 2001, Offset and resolution of dispersion curve in multichannel analysis of surface waves (MSW): Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2001, Denver, Colorado, SSM-4.

Summary (PAR-01-03)
Park, C.B., Ivanov, J., Miller, R.D., Xia, J., and Ryden, N., 2001, Seismic investigation of pavements by MASW method—geophone approach: Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2001, Denver, Colorado, RBA-6.

Summary (PAR-01-02)
Park, C.B., Ivanov, J., Miller, R.D., Xia, J., and Ryden, N., 2001, Multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW) for pavement-feasibility test: Proceedings of the 5th SEGJ International Symposium, Tokyo, p. 25-30.

Abstract (PAR-01-01)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 2001, Higher modes of surface waves over unconsolidated sediments: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Exploration Geophysics (RAEG2001), Kyoto, p. 9-17.

Abstract (PAR-00-03)
Park, C.B., R.D. Miller, J. Xia, and J. Ivanov, 2000, Multichannel seismic surface-wave methods for geotechnical applications: Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Application of Geophysical Methodologies to Transportation Facilities and Infrastructure, St. Louis, December 11-15, 2000.

Summary (PAR-00-02)
Park, C.B., R.D. Miller, J. Xia, J. Ivanov, J.A. Hunter, R.L. Good, and R.A. Burns, 2000, Multichannel analysis of underwater surface waves near Vancouver, B.C., Canada [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Expl. Geophys., p. 1303-1306.

Summary (PAR-00-01)
Park, C.B., R.D. Miller, and J. Xia, 2000, Detection of higher mode surface waves over unconsolidated sediments by the MASW method: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP 2000), Arlington, Va., February 20-24, p. 1-9.

Abstract (PAR-99-04)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1999, Multi-channel analysis of surface waves (MASW): Geophysics, v. 64, no. 3, p. 800-808.

Summary (PAR-99-03)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., Xia, J., Hunter, J.A., and Harris, J.B., 1999, Higher mode observation by the MASW method [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., p. 524-527.

Abstract (PAR-99-02)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1999, Multimodal analysis of high frequency surface waves (SAGEEP 99),

Abstract (PAR-99-01)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1999, Detection of near-surface voids using surface waves (SAGEEP 99), Oakland, Calif., March 14-18, p. 281-286.

Summary (PAR-98-03)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1998, Imaging dispersion curves of surface waves on multi-channel record: [Expanded Abstract]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., 1377-1380.

Summary (PAR-98-02)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1998, Ground roll as a tool to image near-surface anomaly: [Expanded Abstract]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., 874-877.

N/A (PAR-98-01)
Park, C. B., 1998, Shear-wave (S) velocity profiling from multichannel ground roll data, Proceedings of the Korean Geoengineering Society, annual meeting, Seoul, Korea.

Summary (PAR-96-01)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1996, Multi-channel analysis of surface waves using Vibroseis (MASWV): [Expanded Abstract]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., 68-71.

Abstract (PAR-95-01)
Park, C. B., 1995, Characterization of geotechnical sites by multichannel analysis of surface waves, Proceedings of the Korean Ground Society, 95th annual meeting, Seoul, Korea, 15-21.

Abstract (RYD-02-02)
Ryden, N., Park, C.B., Ulriksen, P., and Miller, R.D., 2002, Branching of dispersion curves in surface wave testing of pavements: Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2002, Las Vegas, Nevada, 12SEI7.

Abstract (RYD-02-01)
Ryden, N., Ulriksen, P., Park, C.B., and Miller, R.D., 2002, Portable seismic acquisition system (PSAS) for pavement MASW: Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2002, Las Vegas, Nevada, 13IDA7.

Abstract (RYD-01-01)
Ryden, N., Ulriksen, P., Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., Xia, J., and Ivanov, J., 2001, High frequency MASW for non-destructive testing of pavements-accelerometer approach: Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2001, Denver, Colorado, RBA-5.

Abstract (XIA-03-01)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 2003, Inversion of high frequency surface waves with fundamental and higher modes, J. Appl. Geophys., in press.

Abstract (XIA-02-05)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., and Tian, G., 2002, Determining Q of near-surface materials from Rayleigh waves: J. Appl. Geophys., 51 (2-4), 121–129.

Abstract (XIA-02-04)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., Wightman, E., Nigbor, R., 2002, A pitfall in shallow shear-wave refraction surveying: J. Appl. Geophys., 51 (1), 1 – 9.

Summary (XIA-02-03)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 2002, Utilization of high-frequency Rayleigh waves in near-surface geophysics [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., Workshop in Near Surface Problems and Solutions.

Abstract (XIA-02-02)
Xia, J., Li, P.H., Lewis, M.J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 2002, Using surface wave method to define a sinkhole impact area in a noisy environment: Proceedings of the SAGEEP 2002, Las Vegas, Nevada, 13CAV7.

Abstract (XIA-02-01)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., Hunter, J.A., Harris, J.B., and Ivannov, J., 2002, Comparing shear-wave velocity profiles from multichannel analysis of surface wave with borehole measurements: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 22 (3), 181-190.

Abstract (XIA-01-02)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and, Park, C.B., 2001, Inversion of phase velocities of surface waves with high modes: submitted to the Tenth International Conference on Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (SDEE) in Philadelphia in October 2001.

Summary (XIA-01-01)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 2001, Feasibility of determining Q of near-surface materials from Rayleigh waves: SEG 2001, p. 1381-1384.

Abstract (XIA-00-03)
Xia, J., R.D. Miller, C.B. Park, J.A. Hunter, and J.B. Harris, 2000, Comparing shear-wave velocity profiles from MASW with borehole measurements in unconsolidated sediments, Fraser River Delta, B.C., Canada: Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, v. 5, n. 3, p. 1-13.

Summary (XIA-00-02)
Xia, J., R.D. Miller, and C.B. Park, 2000, Advantages of calculating shear-wave velocity from surface waves with higher modes: [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Expl. Geophys., p. 1295-1298.

Abstract (XIA-00-01)
Xia, J., R.D. Miller, C.B. Park, and J. Ivanov, 2000, Construction of 2-D vertical shear-wave velocity field by the multichannel analysis of surface wave technique: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP 2000), Arlington, Va., February 20-24, p. 1197-1206.

Abstract (XIA-99-04)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 1999, Estimation of near-surface shear-wave velocity by inversion of Rayleigh waves: Geophysics, v. 64, no. 3, p. 691-700.

Summary (XIA-99-03)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., Hunter, J.A., and Harris, J.B., 1999, Evaluation of the MASW technique in unconsolidated sediments [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., p. 437-440.

Summary (XIA-99-02)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., Wightman, E., and Nigbor, R., 1999, A pitfall in shallow shear-wave refraction surveying [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. Explor. Geophys., p. 508-511.

Abstract (XIA-99-01)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 1999, Configuration of near-surface shear-wave velocity by inverting surface wave: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP 99), Oakland, CA, March 14-18, 95-104.

Summary (XIA-98-01)
Xia, J., Miller R.D., and Park, C.B., 1998, Construction of vertical section of near-surface shear-wave velocity from ground roll: Technical Program, The Society of Exploration Geophysicists and The Chinese Petroleum Society Beijing 98’ International Conference, 29-33.

Summary (XIA-97-01)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 1997, Estimation of shear wave velocity in a compressible Gibson half-space by inverting Rayleigh wave phase velocity: Technical Program with Biographies, SEG, 67th Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX, 1917-1920.

Xia, J., Chen, C., Li, P.H., and Lewis, M.J.,2004, Delineation of a collapse feature in a noisy environment using a multichannel surface wave technique: Geotechnique, 54, no. 1, 17-27.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., and Tian, G., 2003, Inversion of high frequency surface waves with fundamental and higher modes: Journal of Applied Geophysics, v. 52, no. 1, 45-57.

Tian, G., Steeples, D.W., Xia, J., and Spikes, K.T., 2003, Useful resorting in surface wave method with the autojuggie: Geophysics, v. 68, no. 6, 1906-1908.

Tian, G., Steeples, D.W., Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Spikes, K.T., and Ralston, M.D., 2003, Multichannel analysis of surface wave method with the autojuggie: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, v. 23, no. 3, 243-247.

Tian, G., Shi, Z., Steeples, D. W., and Xia, J., 2003, The MASW method used in soil compaction study (in Chinese): Progress in Geophysics, v. 18, no. 3, 450-454.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., and Tian, G., 2002, Determining Q of near-surface materials from Rayleigh waves: Journal of Applied Geophysics, v. 51, no. 2-4, 121-129.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., Wightman, E., and Nigbor, R., 2002, A pitfall in shallow shear-wave refraction surveying: Journal of Applied Geophysics, v. 51, no. 1, 1-9.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., Hunter, J.A., Harris, J.B., and Ivanov, J., 2002, Comparing shear-wave velocity profiles from multichannel analysis of surface wave with borehole measurements: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, v. 22, no. 3, 181-190.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., Hunter, J.A., and Harris, J.B., 2000, Comparing shear-wave velocity profiles from MASW with borehole measurements in unconsolidated sediments, Fraser River Delta, B.C., Canada: Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, v. 5, no. 3, 1-13.

Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 1999, Estimation of near-surface shear-wave velocity by inversion of Rayleigh wave: Geophysics, 64, 691-700.

Abstract (KGS-01-19)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., and Park, C.B., 2001, Feasibility of using the MASW method to define sinkhole impact area at Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, Maryland: Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 2001-19.

Summary (KGS-00-50)
Miller, R.D., C.B. Park, J. Xia, J.M. Ivanov, and D.R. Laflen, 2000, Potential of MASW to delineate fractures in the Winterset Limestone at the Johnson County Landfill, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 2000-50.

Abstract (KGS-00-25)
Xia, J., R.D. Miller, and C.B. Park, 2000, Multichannel analysis of surface wave theory and applications: Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 2000-25.

Abstract (KGS-98-58)
Xia, J., Miller, R.D., Park, C.B., and Hunter, J., 1998, Comparison of shear wave velocities from MASW technique and borehole measurements in unconsolidated sediments of the Fraser River Delta: Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 98-58.

Abstract (KGS-97-80)
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1997, Summary report on surface-wave project at Kansas Geological Survey (KGS): Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 97-80.

(KGS-97-10) Introduction
Park, C.B., Miller, R.D., and Xia, J., 1997, Multi-channel analysis of surface waves (MASW)-“A summary report of technical aspects, experimental results, and perspective”: Kansas Geological Survey Open-file Report 97-10.

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