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Marshall County Geohydrology

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Well Logs

Listed in the following pages are the logs of 144 wells and test holes in Pawnee and Edwards Counties, including 133 test holes drilled by the State Geological Survey of Kansas. The numbers of the logs correspond to the numbers used in the diagrammatic cross section (Pl. 3).

Logs entitled "sample log" are those for which the well cuttings were collected and studied. A "driller's log" is a written log obtained from a driller or from some other source.

T. 20 S. || T. 21 S. || T. 22 S. || T. 23 S. || T. 24 S. || T. 25 S. || T. 26 and 27 S.

117. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 8, T. 26 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,091.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Sand, very fine to fine, brown, and silt33
Silt, reddish brown, and fine sand36
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse; contains a small amount of gray silt410
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse1525
Sand, fine to coarse1338
Gravel, coarse to fine; contains a small amount of sand4381
Silt, buff to gray; contains fine sand and a little caliche586
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little sand31117
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains sand and gray to white silt21138
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse68206
Cretaceous--Comanchean  
Kiowa shale  
Clay, light gray to buff; contains hard brown to tan fine-grained sandstone and fragments of fossil shells14220
118. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 19, T. 26 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,077.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Dune sand (Pleistocene and Recent)  
Sand, very fine to fine, and brown silt22
Sand, fine to medium; contains coarse sand; tan810
Meade formation (Pleistocene)  
Sand, fine to coarse; contains gray silt and fine gravel919
Silt, gray and buff; contains a little sand and gravel,726
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse1440
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse; contains buff silt2060
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse2080
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse; contains a small amount of buff silt26106
Silt, tan and gray; contains caliche8114
Gravel, medium, to sand, fine9123
Silt, tan and gray; contains caliche6129
Gravel, medium, to sand, fine; contains a small amount of gray silt56185
Gravel, coarse; contains fine sand, fine to medium gravel, and gray silt25210
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse. Pebbles consist of ironstone and sandstone derived from the Dakota formation12222
Cretaceous--Comanchean  
Kiowa shale  
Shale, blue gray, and flssile, black shale; contains ironstone and fragments of fossil shells8230
119. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 31, T. 26 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,091.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Dune sand (Pleistocene and Recent)  
Sand, very fine to medium; contains silt1111
Sand, fine to coarse; contains gray silt819
Meade formation (Pleistocene)  
Silt, white221
Sand, fine; contains gray silt728
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel2755
Gravel, fine, to sand, fine560
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse; contains a little yellow silt3292
Silt, gray and buff; contains caliche and fine to coarse sand13105
Gravel, medium, to sand, fine40145
Sand, very fine, to gravel, coarse95240
Sand, coarse to fine; contains a small amount of fine gravel20260
Gravel, fine to coarse. Many fragments consist of sandstone and shale28288
Cretaceous--Comanchean  
Kiowa shale  
Clay, silty, buff; contains buff hard flne-grained sandstone and fragments of fossil shells6294
Shale, compact, gray; contains fragments of fossil shells9303
Sandstone, flne-grained, hard, gray; contains a little pyrite and shale7310
Shale, fissile, blue gray; contains fragments of fossil shells31341
Sandstone, fine-grained, hard, gray to light gray; contains a little pyrite and shale7348
Cheyenne sandstone  
Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, white and light-gray; contains a few fragments of charcoal28376
Permian  
Redbeds (Undifferentiated)  
Shale, silty, compact, greenish gray9385
Shale, brick red and greenish gray5390
120. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 19, T. 26 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,146.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, brown, and fine sand33
Silt, compact, dark gray to light gray69
Silt, gray and buff716
Gravel, coarse, to sand, fine521
Gravel, fine to coarse, and buff and gray silt2647
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine sand2067
Silt, light gray to white; contains fine sand875
Gravel, fine, to sand, fine34109
Silt, white to gray; contains fine to coarse sand11120
Sand, fine to coarse9129
Gravel, fine, to sand, fine31160
Gravel, fine to coarse, and gray silt18178
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel14192
Silt, gray and buff; contains caliche23215
Cretaceous--Comanchean  
Kiowa shale  
Shale, dark blue gray; contains a few fragments of charcoal and hard flne-grained sandstone5220
121. Sample 1og of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 31, T. 26 5., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,153.9 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Dune sand (Pleistocene and Recent)  
Sand, fine, brown; contains a little silt22
Sand, fine, and dark brown silt35
Meade formation (Pleistocene)  
Silt, compact, gray914
Silt, sandy, light gray418
Silt, tan and buff927
Sand, fine to very fine; contains gray-green silt and fine gravel1845
Gravel, coarse, to sand, fine449
Gravel, medium to fine; contains gray silt453
Gravel, coarse, to sand, fine558
Sand, coarse to very fine; contains fine gravel1775
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine sand and gray and tan silt35110
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains caliche and white silt,4114
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine sand and a little white and gray silt58172
Silt, sandy, buff and gray5177
Gravel, coarse, to sand, fine15192
Silt, gray12204
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little caliche4208
Cretaceous--Comanchean  
Kiowa shale  
Sandstone, fine-grained, hard, buff and reddish brown; contains varicolored clay10218
Clay, dark gray; contains gray and reddish-brown fine grained sandstone12230
122. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 1, T. 26 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,144.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, brown, and fine sand44
Silt, compact, gray; contains fine gravel48
Silt, yellow brown412
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse; contains a little buff silt1527
Silt, buff; contains a little fine sand and gravel734
Silt, white and gray; contains a little fine sand and gravel438
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse442
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse; contains a little buff and gray silt2567
Silt, buff; contains fine to coarse gravel2188
Silt, light gray to buff; contains caliche and fine sand997
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse15112
Silt, gray and white; contains fine gravel3115
Gravel, fine, to sand, fine25140
Silt, gray and buff; contains a little caliche and fine gravel11151
Gravel, fine, to sand, fine; contains gray silt19170
Gravel, fine, and fine to coarse sand. Many fragments consist of material,s derived from the Dakota formation17187
Silt, gray to white; contains caliche19206
Sand, fine to coarse, and fine gravel14220
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse. Pebbles consist principally of materials derived from the Dakota formation6226
Cretaceous--Comanchean  
Kiowa shale  
Clay, dark blue gray to light gray; contains hard gray fine-grained sandstone and fragments of fossil shells,9235
123. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 5, T. 26 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,188.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, brown, and fine sand66
Silt, compact, dark gray612
Silt, light gray and reddish brown719
Silt, light gray and brown625
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel near the base,2045
Gravel and sand; fine to coarse'3479
Caliche, moderately hard, white180
Sand and gravel; fine to coarse1494
Silt, tan and white; contains caliche29123
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine; contains caliche6129
Silt, tan and gray16145
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine11156
Silt, tan; contains a little sand and gravel7163
Silt, tan to white and buff; contains fine gravel and caliche9172
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, flne-grained, buff, and varicolored clay; contains ironstone9181
124. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 17, T. 26 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,193.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, brown and gray58
Silt, gray and light gray412
Silt, brown; contains a little sand214
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine620
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse; contains a little buff claycv silt3050
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse1060
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains light-gray and tan silt1777
Silt, tan481
Silt, white to light gray and tan; contains caliche30111
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine; contains a small amount of buff clay8119
Silt, tan, and fine to medium sand7126
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine14140
Silt, gray3143
Sand, fine to coarse7150
Silt, gray green3153
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine7160
Silt, tan to brown11171
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, light gray and yellow; contains a few fragments of ironstone and white medium-grained sandstone4175
125. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 29, T. 26 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,1944 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, dark gray to black33
Silt, gray to light gray25
Silt, gray and brown, and fine sand27
Silt, brown, and fine sand29
Gravel, medium, to sand, fine1120
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little sand and buff silt1131
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little sand, buff and white silt, and nodules of caliche839
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse1150
Gravel and sand, fine to.coarse; contains a little buff silt,1969
Silt, gray and white675
Silt, brown, -gray and white1893
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine; contains a little buff silt12.5105.5
Silt, brown and gray8.5114
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine; contains reddish-brown silt8122
Gravel, coarse; contains a little silt4126
Silt, gray and brown6132
Silt, gray and white, and caliche14146
Sand, fine, to gravel, fine11157
Silt, gray and tan18175
Silt, tan16191
Silt, tan, and fine to medium sand14205
Sand, fine to coarse, and fine gravel11216
Gravel, fine to coarse. Pebbles Consist mainly of materials derived from the Dakota formation4220
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, dark blue gray; contains ironstone7227
126. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. NW1/4 sec. 15, T. 26 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,218.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, brown44
Silt, dark gray37
Silt, brown, and medium sand512
Silt, light brown, and fine to coarse sand1325
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains sand2752
Gravel, coarse to medium; contains gray and buff silt1062
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little buff silt2183
Sand, fine to coarse, in part cemented891
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little sand and buff silt14105
Silt, gray and white13118
Silt, gray and white; contains several thin layers of caliche14132
Silt, gray and white7139
Sand, very fine, to gravel, fine22161
Silt, tan and gray; contains a little caliche18179
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, varicolored, and ironstone3182
Clay, gray and buff; contains ironstone and soft white flne-grained sandstone8190
127. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 16, T. 26 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,237.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Sand, fine, and brawn silt55
Silt, brown38
Silt, dark gray715
Silt, gray318
Silt, light gray to brown and red422
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little sand3052
Silt, yellowish buff254
Silt, gray and buff458
Gravel, fine, to sand, fine2785
Gravel, fine to coarse15100
Gravel, coarse, to sand, fine; contains gray silt15115
Silt, gray and white; contains a few fragments of caliche,14129
Sand, fine to medium16145
Silt, gray and white; contains a few fragments of caliche,13158
Gravel, fine; contains sand and gray silt10168
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, varicolored7175
128. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 29, T. 20 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,239.9 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, brown, and fine sand33
Silt, dark gray47
Sand, fine, dark brown and gray, in part consolidated411
Silt, dark brown to gray718
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains sand1230
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little sand and buff to gray silt1040
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little sand5090
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little gray and white silt12102
Silt, tan and white45147
Silt, tan and buff; contains coarse gravel5152
Silt, gray and tan33185
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, light gray to dark gray and yellow5190
129. Sample lag of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 5, T. 26 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,230.9 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill, and gray-brown soil22
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Gravel, coarse, to sand, fine2830
Silt, yellow buff1040
Silt, light gray; contains fine sand1050
Silt, light greenish gray; contains fine to medium sand757
Silt, light greenish gray; contains fine to medium gravel and fine to coarse sand259
Silt and clay; light gray and light green1372
Silt and clay; blue gray1284
Silt, huff; contains gravel, fine sand, and caliche387
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains sand and buff silt390
Gravel, fine to medium; contains sand, buff silt, and caliche797
Gravel, fine to medium; contains caliche. Pebbles consist of material derived from the Dakota formation8105
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, gray white, mottled red5110
130. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 19, T. 26 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,243.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill, and dark-gray silt, contains medium sand33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains sand1720
Gravel, coarse to fine; contains sand and yellow buff silt,929
Silt, yellow buff; contains fine to coarse sand and gravel736
Gravel and sand, fine to coarse945
Silt, buff to gray white; contains caliche and fine to coarse sand550
Silt, gray white to light greenish gray; contains caliche and fine to coarse sand1666
Silt and clay, buff; contains fine to medium sand773
Caliche, pink and white, concentrically banded.573.5
Silt and clay; white to light buff; in part cemented with lime3.577
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, varicolored582
Sandstone, fine-grained, white183
Clay, varicolored285
131. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 30, T. 26 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,251.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Silt, light brown, and fine sand55
Sand and gravel, fine to coarse2025
Sand and gravel, fine to coarse; contains a little tan silt6.531.5
Silt, tan; contains a little sand and gravel8.540
Silt, tan; contains sand and gravel, white silt, and a few nodules of caliche1555
Silt, compact, white; contains a little sand and gravel1974
Cretaceous--Gulfian and Comanchean  
Dakota formation (Gulfian)  
Clay, varicolored; contains a few fragments of yellow compact fine-grained sandstone377
Clay, gray and black380
Clay, varicolored; contains brown fine-grained sandstone and a few fragments of ironstone23103
Shale, silty, dark gray; contains white sandstone, yellow clay, and a little pyrite21124
Sandstone, flne-grained, brown; contains ironstone and gray clay3127
Clay, varicolored4131
Clay, varicolored; contains sandstone and ironstone4135
Sandstone, brown to white; contains ironstone and varicolored clay33168
Shale, gray and yellow; contains brown sandstone and ironstone20188
Clay, varicolored; contains a little ironstone22210
Shale, silty to fine sandy, compact; contains a few fragments of charcoal and pyrite17227
Shale, in part silty, light gray; contains a small amount of white fine-grained sandstone26253
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)  
Shale, blocky, dark gray to black5258
Shale, silty, dark gray; contains dark-gray fine-grained sandstone17275
Sandstone, fine-grained, hard, dark gray to white; contains pyrite13288
Shale, fissile, gray to black; contains a little maroon, red, and white shale62350
Shale, fissile, gray to black; contains a little fine-grained gray sandstone, and a few fragments of fossil shells,40390
132. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. .4, T. 27 S., R. 16 W. Kiowa County. Surface altitude, 2,094.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Dune sand (Pleistocene and Recent)  
Sand, fine to medium, gray and brown44
Meade formation (Pleistocene)  
Sand, fine to medium, gray and brown; contains some fine gravel711
Silt, sandy, gray; contains orange-brown streaks819
Sand, fine, silty, greenish gray2039
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains some sand2463
Silt and fine sand, yellow tan to light gray; in part cemented with lime770
Gravel, fine to very coarse, silty575
Silt, sandy, limy, tan, greenish gray to light gray, and white22.597.5
Silt and fine sand, limy, tan and light gray to white28.5126
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains some sand and tan sandy silt24150
Sand, fine to coarse, brown; contains some gravel7157
Gravel, fine to coarse, and some medium to coarse sand; tan18175
Silt, sandy, limy, light gray5180
Gravel, fine to very coarse, tan; contains some sand, silt, and pebbles of brown ironstone84264
Silt and fine hand. tan, gray and orange brown13277
Gravel, fine to medium, tan and brown; contains some sand and pebbles of ironstone16293
Cretaceous--Comanchean  
Kiowa shale  
Shale, dark gray to black; contains gypsum, pyrite, and thin beds of shell-limestone between 310 and 317 feet24317
Cheyenne sandstone  
Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, hard, gray, and hard sandy shale3320
Shale, sandy, hard, blue gray, and fine-grained sandstone; contains gypsum, pyrite. and charcoal13333
Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, gray; contains abundant small grains of pyrite and charcoal7340
Siltstone, light gray; contains charcoal9349
Permian  
Redbeds (Undifferentiated)  
Shale, silty, dull red11360
133. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 5, T. 27 S., R. 18 W., Kiowa County. Surface altitude, 2,205.5 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistoccne and Recent  
Dune sand (Pleistocene and Recent)  
Sand, fine to medium, gray tan and brown99
Meade formation (?) (Pleistocene)  
Silt, sandy, tan brown716
Sand, coarse, to gravel, coarse; consists predominantly of medium gravel and contains a few balls of yellow-tan silt1430
Silt and fine sand; gray tan9
Sand, fine, to gravel, coarse; consists predominantly of medium and coarse gravel. A few pebbles in lower part are 1 inch in diameter39.578.5
Sand, fine, silty, tan to light gray; contains lime-cemented zones and a few large pebbles of mortar bed11.590
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains a little sand14104
Gauche, soft, sandy. light gray to white2106
Silt and sand, fine, tan brown4110
Silt and clay, sandy, tan and yellow gray4114
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; consists predominantly of medium gravel and contains some sand7121
Silt and fine sand, lime-cemented, light gray to white,8129
Silt, sandy, tan and yellow tan; contains some silty clay,11140
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains some sand and a few pebbles of braded sandy caliche35175
Cretaceous--Comanchean  
Kiowa shale  
Clay shale, silty, sandy, gray tan. Poor sample9184
Shale, sandy, light gray, and fine-grained, hard, gray sandstone16200
Shale, silty, yellow tan; contains thin beds or concretions of ironstone10210
Shale, silty, light gray; contains brown streaks16226
Shale, sandy, blue gray6232

T. 20 S. || T. 21 S. || T. 22 S. || T. 23 S. || T. 24 S. || T. 25 S. || T. 26 and 27 S.

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Kansas Geological Survey, Pawnee and Edwards Geology and Groundwater
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version June 2004. Original publication date March 1949.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Pawnee/09_logs.html