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Marshall County Geohydrology

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Well Logs

Listed in the following pages are the logs of 144 wells and test holes in Pawnee and Edwards Counties, including 133 test holes drilled by the State Geological Survey of Kansas. The numbers of the logs correspond to the numbers used in the diagrammatic cross section (Pl. 3).

Logs entitled "sample log" are those for which the well cuttings were collected and studied. A "driller's log" is a written log obtained from a driller or from some other source.

T. 20 S. || T. 21 S. || T. 22 S. || T. 23 S. || T. 24 S. || T. 25 S. || T. 26 and 27 S.

71. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 32, T. 23 S., R. 15 W. Surface altitude, 2,044.5 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, tan and brown; contains fine to medium sand710
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand; tan1323
Sand, fine to medium; contains tan and yellow silt1336
Clay, silty, tan; contains white caliche945
Clay, silty, buff and tan; contains caliche247
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt and caliche; tan3683
Clay, silty, yellowish tan386
Clay, silty, compact, tan; contains white caliche14100
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand, and caliche; tan and buff11111
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and gray; contains fine to coarse sand, silt, and caliche3114
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and yellow6120
72. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 36, 7'. 23 S., R. 15 W. Surface altitude, 1,1984.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill2.52.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Silt, brown; contains fine to medium sand10.513
Silt; contains fine to coarse sand and fragments of Caliche; tan720
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse sand and silt; tan1737
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand; buff340
Gravel, fine to medium; contains tan and buff .ilt2868
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; tan32100
Clay, silty, tan; contains fragments of red ironstone10.5110.5
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, light green and tan; contains fine brown sandstone4.5115
73. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 3, T. 23 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,045.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Clay, silty, gray and brown36
Clay, silty, greenish gray28
Clay, silty, tan gray; contains fine to coarse sand210
Clay, silty, buff; contains fragments of white caliche and fine sand1121
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains silt and fragments of white and tan caliche930
Sand, fine to coarse, buff; contains silt and white caliche1444
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains coarse sand and white caliche3276
Clay, silty, buff; contains fine to coarse sand44120
Clay, silty, buff and tan; contains fine to coarse sand and white caliche5125
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, light gray with red stains; contains fine to coarse sand5130
74. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 21, T. 23 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,055.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Clay, silty, brown; contains fine to medium sand and white caliche58
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine to medium sand1422
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains medium to coarse sand with silt and zones of cemented sand3557
Clay, silty, buff with yellow tint; contains fine to medium sand1168
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine to medium sand977
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains medium to coarse sand and tan caliche986
Clay, silty, buff; contains fine to coarse sand and fragments of ironstone793
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan mottled red7100
75. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 33, T. 23 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,063.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Sand, fine to coarse, brown35
Sand, fine to medium, brown; contains white caliche and brown silt27
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel; yellowish tan,1320
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse sand and silt; tan5171
Clay, silty, compact, grayish tan with yellow stains980
Clay, silty, gray, yellow, and red989
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, bluish gray with faint red and yellow stains11100
76. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 6, T. 23 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,062.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, grayish tan24
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse sand, and silt; tan and gray1418
Clay, silty, tan and buff; contains white caliche2240
Silt, buff; contains white caliche and fine to coarse sand,848
Gravel, fine; contains fine to coarse sand; tan and buff452
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, tan, gray, and yellow, mottled red254
77. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. NE 1/4 sec. 18, T. 23 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,075.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fine to coarse sand; tan and gray7.57.5
Silt, tan and buff; contains fine to coarse sand7.515
Gravel, fine to coarse, contains fine to coarse sand; tan and gray924
Gravel, fine to medium, tan and gray; contains fine to coarse tan sand and silt3660
Clay, silty, tan and buff; contains coarse sand and fine gravel1979
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, bluish gray, interbedded with tan fine grained sandstone988
78. Sample log of test hole in the SW'4 5EV4 sec. 18, T. 23 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,032.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Dune sand (Pleistocene and Recent)  
Sand, fine to coarse, contains silt; tan77
Meade formation (Pleistocene)  
Silt, tan with red stains; contains fine to coarse sand916
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel and silt; tan with red stains420
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains medium to coarse sand; buff and tan1030
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse gravel; buff and tan1141
Clay, silty; contains fine to coarse sand; tan950
Clay, silty, tan and buff; contains fine to coarse sand and white caliche1060
Silt, tan and buff; contains white caliche3898
Clay, silty, tan; contains fragments of brown ironstone199
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and yellow4103
79. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 30, T. 23 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,107.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill55
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Clay, silty, gray and tan27
Clay, silty, tan with orange stains310
Sand, fine to coarse; contains silt; tan919
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand322
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fine to medium sand and silt; tan830
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse sand; tan36.566.5
Clay, silty, tan and buff5.572
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, silty; contains silty clay; tan and yellow375
80. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 7, T. 23 S., R. 18 W. Surface. altitude, 2,196.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill1.51.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, gray and tan4.56
Silt, brown39
Silt, tan to buff; contains white caliche5867
Limestone, buff to tan0.567.5
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, gray, tan, and yellow; contains fragments of brown fine sandstone2.570
81. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 19, T. 23 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,151.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, tan79
Silt, brown1726
Silt, tan and buff; contains fine to medium sand, and fragments of white caliche1440
Clay, silty, tan and buff; contains fragments of brown ironstone and white caliche7.547.5
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained; contains clay; yellow and tan2.550
82. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 29, 7'. 23 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,114.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and soil, dark gray2.52.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Alluvium  
Silt, brown and tan13.5
Clay, silty, brown, tan, and gray; contains fine to medium sand2.56
Gravel, fine to coarse, gray and tan; contains medium and coarse sand and white caliche1420
Clay, silty, tan828
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand735
Clay, silty, tan and brown; contains white caliche1449
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan, mottled red; contains fragments of tan and yellow fine sandstone655
83. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 31, T. 23 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,121.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and soil33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Alluvium  
Sand, fine to medium, brown and tan, contains silt1.54.5
Clay, silty, tan and gray4.59
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and gray1322
Clay, silty, tan and buff; contains white and tan caliche,1133
Clay, silty, buff; contains fine to medium sand1346
Silt, tan; contains very fine to fine sand450
Silt, tan and white; contains very fine to fine sand.1060
Sand, very fine to fine, tan and white; contains silt767
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan, mottled red and yellow1178
84. Sample iog of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 20, T. 23 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,211.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, light gray green to gray47
Silt and clay, buff to tan; contains fine sand, gravel, and nodules of caliche1825
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, blue gray and yellow, interhedded with fine-grained brown sandstone530
85. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 33, T. 23 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,197.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, yellow gray46
Silt, brown28
Silt, buff; contains fine sand, gravel, and nodules of caliche5765
Silt and clay, white and yellow, in part cemented; contains fragments of ironstone368
Sand and gravel, fine to coarse; contains gray and buff silt674
Silt and clay, yellow brown and light gray; contains fine to medium sand680
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, medium-grained, yellow brown787
86. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 15, T. 23 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,319.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Tertiary--Pliocene  
Ogallala formation  
Silt, blocky, dark brown; contains fine gravel99
Silt, light brown to tan; contains fine gravel and nodules of caliche514
Silt, white, in part consolidated; contains fine sand to fine gravel1731
Sand, gray to white, cemented with calcium carbonate1142
Sand, fine to coarse, and white to tan silt2466
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Graneros shale  
Clay, yellow to light gray571
Shale, fissile, black, contains fragments of bentonite1485
Shale, black; contains bentonite and fine-grained very hard gray sandstone590
Dakota formation  
Clay, blue gray; contains hard gray fine-grained sandstone23113
Shale, light gray to dark gray, and gray to white sandstone; contains fragments of pyrite and charcoal19132
Clay, light gray; contains fragments of charcoal, pyrite, and gray sandstone15147
Siltstone, light gray; contains fragments of charcoal, pyrite, and hard brown sandstone28175
Clay, varicolored; contains streaks of fine brown sandstone and fragments of charcoal and pyrite52227
Clay, silty, gray15242
Clay, silty, brown; contains charcoal and pyrite38280
87. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 22, T. 23 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,273.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, gray brown55
Silt, buff; contains fine to coarse sand and nodules of caliche1722
Silt, buff; contains fine to coarse sand729
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Greenhorn limestone (?)  
Shale, calcareous, white to orange130

T. 20 S. || T. 21 S. || T. 22 S. || T. 23 S. || T. 24 S. || T. 25 S. || T. 26 and 27 S.

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Kansas Geological Survey, Pawnee and Edwards Geology and Groundwater
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version June 2004. Original publication date March 1949.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Pawnee/09_logs.html