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Marshall County Geohydrology

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Well Logs

Listed in the following pages are the logs of 144 wells and test holes in Pawnee and Edwards Counties, including 133 test holes drilled by the State Geological Survey of Kansas. The numbers of the logs correspond to the numbers used in the diagrammatic cross section (Pl. 3).

Logs entitled "sample log" are those for which the well cuttings were collected and studied. A "driller's log" is a written log obtained from a driller or from some other source.

T. 20 S. || T. 21 S. || T. 22 S. || T. 23 S. || T. 24 S. || T. 25 S. || T. 26 and 27 S.

46. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 4, T. 22 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,000.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Dune sand (Pleistocene and Recent)  
Sand, fine to medium; contains silt; tan to gray22
Meade formation (Pleistocene)  
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains medium to coarse sand and silt1820
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse sand, silt, and tan and white caliche3050
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to medium gravel,1464
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine to coarse sand and gravel, with fragments of tan and white caliche973
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains gray and tan caliche with limonitic stains1285
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains sand and silty clay; gray to tan16101
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to medium, brown with yellow stains19120
47. Sample log of test hole in the NE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 5, T. 22 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 1,999.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, dark gray33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Silt, tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand36
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel410
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains coarse sand1525
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, gray, mottled red1035
48. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 9, T. 22 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,010.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse gravel and white caliche1919
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse sand and tan silt1130
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to medium gravel1949
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and buff, mottled red857
49. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 21, T. 22 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,03113 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, dark gray33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Clay, silty, light gray; contains very fine sand58
Sand, very fine to coarse; contains tan silt1422
Silt, tan; contains fine to coarse sand and white caliche,426
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine gravel430
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse gravel and white and tan caliche3161
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine gravel667
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to coarse sand1380
Clay, silty, tan and gray888
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine to coarse sand and white caliche290
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to medium, tan and brown, with yellow stains10100
50. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 33, T. 22 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,041.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Meade formation  
Sand, fine to coarse; contains tan silt22
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand,68
Silt, greenish gray; contains fine to medium sand513
Silt, tan with yellow stains; contains fine sand821
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fine to coarse sand; tan526
Sand, very fine to fine; contains tan silt228
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel and tan and white caliche1240
Sand, fine to coarse, yellow tan; contains limonitic cemented zones1252
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse gravel and tan and white caliche3890
Clay, silty, gray and tan with yellow limonitic stains; contains fine to medium sand and white caliche23113
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to medium gravel17130
Sand, fine to coarse, tan and gray; contains fine to coarse gravel, tan and white caliche, and gray silt20150
Sand, very fine to coarse, tan; contains tan and white caliche and fine gravel20170
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse sand, tan caliche, and silt17187
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, bluish gray; contains blue shale, fine to medium sand, black carbonaceous material, and pyrite,13200
51. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 7, T. 22 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,039.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill2.52.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand,15.518
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains silt and clay2240
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to medium gravel, white caliche, and fragments of white shells1454
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to coarse sand and fine gravel1266
Clay, silty, brown and gray167
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand,370
Sand, fine to medium, tan; contains silt878
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse sand, caliche, and silt; tan and gray1896
Clay, silty, buff; contains fine to medium sand, and coarse gravel12108
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse sand, caliche, and silt19127
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to coarse, brown and tan; contains yellow and tan silty clay13140
52. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 7, T. 22 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,040.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine sand1214
Clay, silty, light gray and dark gray216
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine to medium sand218
Sand, fine to coarse, tan, interbedded with tan silty clay,725
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains silt530
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel; tan and gray,939
Silt, brown; contains fine to medium sand544
Silt, grayish tan; contains fine to medium sand347
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains tan and gray fine gravel1461
Silt, tan; contains fine to medium sand, caliche, and fragments of shells970
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and gray; contains fine to coarse sand and caliche1181
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, light gray with red stains990
53. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 19, T. 22 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,069.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, tan and brown68
Silt, tan and buff; contains clay and nodular white caliche4250
Silt, tan; contains white caliche and fine to medium sand757
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and gray, mottled red360
54. Sample log of lest hole at the NW cor. sec. 30, T. 22 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,097.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, brown and tan69
Clay, silty, brown, tan, and white, contains caliche and fragments of brawn ironstone312
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan, white, and yellow; contains very fine-grained sandstone315
55. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 31, T. 22 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,074.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand,68
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and gray; contains coarse tan sand1220
No sample recovered. Drilling speed indicated coarse sand and gravel525
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine, yellow and tan, interbedded with tan and yellow clay530
56. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 7, T. 22 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,053.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill44
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, dark gray to tan711
Clay, silty, tan to brown; contains tan fine to medium sand1930
Clay, silty; contains very fine-grained sand; buff and tan,737
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse sand, and tan and gray silt1653
Clay, silty, buff; contains fine to coarse sand, and white caliche760
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel and silt; tan464
Clay, silty, dark gray670
Sand, fine to coarse, tan to brown676
Clay, silty, light gray to dark gray; contains fine to medium sand682
Sand, fine to coarse; contains fine to medium gravel; tan1193
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and brown; contains fine to coarse sand and fragments of limonitic-stained ironstone and white caliche16109
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, yellow tan, light gray, and buff4113
57. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 7, T. 22 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,068.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, light brown35
Clay, silty, tan and buff1520
Clay, silty, brown and tan1232
Clay, silty, tan and buff3163
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains coarse sand and silt; tan and gray871
Clay, silty, light brown1182
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine to coarse fragments of ironstone and white caliche890
Clay, silty, mottled red and tan696
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, light gray, tan, and yellow4100
58. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 18, T. 22 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,086.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, brown2.52.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; brown7.510
Clay, silty; contains caliche; buff3646
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to medium, brown and tan; contains fragments of yellow and brown silty clay450
59. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 19, T. 22 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,098.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, gray22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, brown24
Clay, silty, brown to tan; contains white caliche610
Clay, silty, buff1020
Clay, silty, buff to tan; contains small fragments of caliche1030
Clay, silty, tan to buff; contains medium to coarse tan and gray gravels535
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt; tan136
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and yellow2 38
60. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 25, T. 22 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,090.9 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, gray79
Clay, silty, tan to buff; contains white caliche1928
Clay, silty, tan to buff; contains white caliche and fine to coarse sand1341
Clay, silty, pale yellow and white; contains soft lime-cemented zones142
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fine to coarse sand and fragments of brown ironstone1.543.5
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, mottled yellow and tan6.550
61. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 31, T. 22 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,147.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, buff to tan; contains white and tan caliche1113
Cretaceous--Gulfian and Comanchean  
Dakota formation (Gulfian)  
Sandstone, fine to medium, yellow and tan619
Clay, silty, mottled tan and yellow1029
Sandstone, fine, calcareous, tan and yellow0.529.5
Clay, silty, mottled tan and reddish brown15.545
Clay, silty, mottled red and tan1560
Clay, silty, gray, purple, and tan767
Clay, silty, gray; contains fragments of coal875
Clay, silty, yellow and gray277
Sandstone, fine, brown; contains yellow and gray silty clay and fragments of ironstone885
Clay, silty, gray, buff, and red590
Clay, silty, gray and buff6.596.5
Sandstone, fine, gray11.5108
Clay, silty, gray, yellow, and red14.5122.5
Clay, silty, gray, yellow, and orange2.5125
Clay, silty, gray, tan, and red17142
Clay, silty, gray, tan, yellow, and red; contains fragments of ironstone15157
Clay, silty, gray, tan, and yellow0.5157.5
Clay, silty, gray and yellow; contains fragments of fine brown sandstone11.5169
Clay, gray; contains fragments of brown and white fine sandstone having limonitic stains7176
Clay, silty, gray, tan, and orange; contains fragments of coal8184
Clay, gray, tan, and orange5189
Clay, white, gray, and mottled red and tan7196
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)  
Shale, dark gray3.5199.5
Clay, mottled yellow and gray6.5206
Clay, gray and tan8214
Sandstone, fine, tan and gray, having red stains5219
Clay and shale; gray with red stains9228
Sandstone, fine, tan, and gray; contains red oxidized fragments of ironstone and fragments of brown carbonaceous material8236
Sandstone, fine, tan and gray; contains interbedded tan clay14250
Sandstone, fine, buff and gray; contains fragments of carbon16266
Sandstone, fine, dark gray; contains buff clay9275
Clay, gray7282
Clay, gray to bluish gray2.5284.5
Shale and clay, tan and gray5.5290
Shale, gray; contains interbedded tan clay6296
Shale, gray and tan2298
Shale, tan and gray; contains fragments of carbon6304
Shale, gray; contains interbedded tan clay having red stains16320
Shale, gray; contains interbedded fine tan sandstone,10330
Shale, gray; contains fragments of carbon16346
Shale, bluish gray10356
Shale, gray; contains interbedded tan clay and sandstone having red stains15371
Shale, dark gray3374
Shale, dark gray; contains interbedded tan sandstone and fragments of pyrite31405
Cheyenne sandstone (Comanchean)  
Shale, gray; contains interbedded tan sandstone14419
Shale, gray to grayish green; contains interbedded tan and white sandstone10429
Permian  
Redbeds (Undifferentiated)  
Shale, gray and tan; contains interbedded sandstone6435
Shale, gray; contains interbedded brown sandstone15450
Shale, reddish tan, sandy5455
62. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 4, T. 22 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,094.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, brown33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, brown to tan47
Clay, silty, brown613
Clay, silty, tan1730
Clay, silty; contains tan caliche1040
Clay, silty, buff1050
Clay, silty; contains limonitic oxidized fragments of ironstone; buff858
Clay, silty, brown to tan1573
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, bluish gray to tan, having red limonitic stains477
63. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 8, T. 22 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,098.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, brown44
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty; contains a few small fragments of shells; tan48
Clay, silty; tan2230
Clay, silty, light brown to tan1040
Clay, silty, tan, mottled red747
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, light greenish gray, mottled red and yellow350
64. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 20, T. 22 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,119.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, brown to dark tan33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan; contains numerous fossil shells47
Clay, silty, tan and gray310
Clay, silty, tan1020
Clay, silty; contains minor fine grains of quartz; light brown to tan1030
Clay, silty, tan1444
Clay, silty; contains minor yellow limonitic stains and fine grains of quartz; tan650
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty; contains yellow limonitic stains giving the unit a mottled appearance353
65. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 32, T. 22 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,154.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, brown22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan57
Clay, silty, brown411
Clay, silty; contains a few fragments of mica and particles of caliche; tan920
Clay, silty, tan1030
Clay, silty, buff2050
Clay, silty; contains medium-grained sand and minor fragments of caliche; tan757
Silt and gravel, fine to coarse; contains caliche and many fragments of ironstone having the appearance of Iimonite; tan360
Silt and sand, medium to coarse, tan; contains a few fragments of fossil shells565
Clay, silty, and medium to coarse sand; contains yellow limonitic stains throughout; tan and yellow570
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty. Red oxidized areas give unit a mottled red and tan appearance373
66. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 3, T. 22 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,164.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and soil, silty, gray to dark brown44
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan gray26
Clay, silty; contains some fine-grained sand; brown410
Clay, silty, buff1525
Clay, silty; contains some fine-grained sand; tan gray,3.528.5
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and yellow, with some red oxidized coloring2.531
67. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 4, T. 22, S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,143.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill11
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan and gray34
Clay, silty, brown and tan610
Clay, silty, tan1525
Clay, silty; contains fine-grained sand and fine ironstone gravel; tan and rust red126
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine-grained; contains silt and fine fragments of reddish-brown to tan ironstone228
68. Sample log of test hole at the NW car sec. 13, T. 22 8., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,183.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan and light gray55
Clay, silty, brown16
Clay, silty; contains tan caliche612
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, yellow and tan214
69. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 28, T. 22 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,103.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and brown soil44
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan to gray610
Clay, silty, tan2030
Clay, silty; contains medium sand; tan1545
Clay, silty, buff954
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand and caliche; tan761
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt and fine to medium sand; tan667
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, mottled tan and red370
70. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 28, T. 22 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,138.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, brown36
Clay, silty, gray to brown28
Clay, silty, brown210
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; buff1020
Clay, silty, buff727
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand; buff936
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand; buff to tan,238
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand; tan1553
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand; yellow to buff457
Gravel, fine to medium; contains silt and fine to medium sand; tan461
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, mottled red and tan263
142. Driller's log of well 105 in the NW1/4 NE1/4 sec. 4, T. 22 S., R. 16 W. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Soil and fine sand44
Sand48
Gravel311
Sand1021
Clay.526
Sand, fine430
Sand and gravel, coarse636
143. Driller's log of test hole in the NE1/4 NW1/4 sec. 12, T. 22 S., R. 19 W. Drilled by Otis Shuck, 1940. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil22
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, yellow2830
Sand434
Clay, gray135
Sand540
Clay, sandy, gray to black141
Silt, fine, sandy, gray to black956
Sand, fine to medium, gray1565
Clay, gray to buff1075
Sand, medium580
Gravel, coarse, Contains water-worn fragments of sandstone and limestone28108
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Fire clay, streaked (probably varicolored clay)1109
Sandstone, fine-grained, reddish brown1110
144. Driller's log of well 137 in the NE1/4 NE1/4 sec. 6, T. 22 S., R. 18 W. Drilled by Otis Shuck, 1944. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistoccne and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay3030
Sand535
Sand, coarse1348
Clay755
Sand358
Clay1472
Sand, coarse, yellow476
Sand. fine480
Sand, coarse, yellow30110
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation (?)  
Clay10120

T. 20 S. || T. 21 S. || T. 22 S. || T. 23 S. || T. 24 S. || T. 25 S. || T. 26 and 27 S.

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Kansas Geological Survey, Pawnee and Edwards Geology and Groundwater
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version June 2004. Original publication date March 1949.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Pawnee/09_logs.html