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Marshall County Geohydrology

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Well Logs

Listed in the following pages are the logs of 144 wells and test holes in Pawnee and Edwards Counties, including 133 test holes drilled by the State Geological Survey of Kansas. The numbers of the logs correspond to the numbers used in the diagrammatic cross section (Pl. 3).

Logs entitled "sample log" are those for which the well cuttings were collected and studied. A "driller's log" is a written log obtained from a driller or from some other source.

T. 20 S. || T. 21 S. || T. 22 S. || T. 23 S. || T. 24 S. || T. 25 S. || T. 26 and 27 S.

11. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 5, T. 21 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,025.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, dark gray22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, gray to yellow gray68
Silt, blocky, brown513
Silt, tan to light buff; contains a little nodular caliche,2525
Gravel, very coarse to fine; contains sand and buff silt227
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, medium-grained, yellow to brawn; contains a little light blue-gray clay835
12. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 8, T. 21 S., II. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,005.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and soil, gray brown44
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, light gray to light brown1014
Silt, blocky, buff; contains nodular caliche1822
Silt, greenish gray to buff840
Silt, light gray and buff. Blocky and slightly cemented between the depths of 60 and 65 feet3171
Silt, buff; contains much fine to medium sand and caliche273
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, medium to fine-grained, brown780
13. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 17, T. 21 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 1,998.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and soil, gray brown22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, yellow gray35
Silt, light brown to buff, and fine sand611
Silt, light buff; contains a few nodules of caliche2637
Silt, gray white; contains fine sand643
Silt, green and dark gray; contains much fine to medium sand1558
Silt, light gray to buff, and fine to medium sand; contains a little caliche. Silt is in part slightly cemented,66124
Gravel, fine, and sand4128
Silt, light gray, and fine to medium sand8136
Gravel, fine to coarse, and sand; contains much buff and light-gray silt4140
Gravel, fine to medium, sand, and light-gray to buff silt5145
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, medium- to fine-grained, white, yellow, and brown; contains yellow and light-gray clay15160
14. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 20, T. 21 S, R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 1,997.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and soil, dark gray brown11
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, buff gray34
Silt, tan, and fine to very fine sand; contains nodular caliche1418
Silt, light gray, and caliche725
Silt, light buff; contains very fine to fine sand and a few streaks of greenish and yellowish silt and clay2550
Silt, blue gray and buff, and fine sand1060
Silt, gray to buff, and very fine to fine sand1070
Silt, dark gray and green, and fine sand575
Silt, buff; contains fine sand and caliche25100
Silt, brown and greenish gray, and fine sand; in part cemented by caliche; contains a little gravel10110
Sand, very fine to fine, and brown silt, friable10120
Silt, buff and light gray, and fine to medium sand; contains gravel12132
Sand, coarse to fine, and yellow-buff silt; contains fine to coarse gravel4136
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, medium-grained, white14150
15. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 29, T. 21 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,007.5 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, gray brown57
Sand, medium to fine, and buff silt310
Silt, buff, tan, and light gray1020
Silt, buff; contains a little caliche and some Cretaceous-derived pebbles5979
Gravel, coarse to fine, and sand; contains buff silt382
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, light blue gray and mottled yellow and red486
16. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 6, T. 21 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,106.5 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan and gray35
Clay, silty, brown27
Clay, silty, tan and buff916
Clay, silty, tan; contains black ironstone117
No sample recovered219
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, very fine, red and tan; contains tan silty clay and black ironstone322
Clay, silty, light gray and tan; contains gray shale628
17. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 18, T. 21 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,098.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, gray44
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, light grayish tan37
Silt, tan and gray411
Silt, tan and buff920
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, yellow and tan525
18. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 19, T. 21 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,095.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, tan and gray58
Silt, brown311
Silt, tan and brown516
Silt, tan, contains white caliche824
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to medium, brown and white428
19. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 19, T. 21 S., R. 17 W. Surface altitude, 2,070.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, tan and light gray47
Clay, silty, tan and brown29
Clay, silty, brownish tan413
Clay, silty, tan1326
Caliche, soft, light tan to white; contains silt and fine sand127
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to coarse, tan and brown229
20. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 4, T. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,111.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill4.54.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, light gray2.57
Clay, silty, tan to brown310
Clay, silty, buff; contains fragments of white caliche2636
Clay, silty, yellowish tan; contains fine to medium sand541
No samples recovered below a depth of 41 feet. Driller believes the test hole penetrated coarse sand and gravel between the depths of 41 and 46 feet and shale or clay between the depths of 46 and 50 feet. The clay may be a part of the Dakota formation.
21. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 5, T. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,114.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill44
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, brown and tan37
Clay, silty, brown411
Clay, silty, gray and tan2.513.5
Clay, silty, brown6.520
Clay, silty, tan to brown1838
Clay, silty, buff and tan; contains fine sand2058
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan, buff, and yellow260
22. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 7, T. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,095.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Silt, gray and tan58
Clay, silty, brown and tan1220
Clay, silty, contains fine sand and caliche; brown to tan828
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium gravel; tan533
Clay, silty, tan1750
Clay, silty, buff1262
Clay, silty, buff to light gray; contains fine to medium tan gravel and caliche668
Gravel, fine to medium; contains silt and caliche; tan5.573.5
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium gravel; tan7.581
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt; tan10.591.5
Silt, tan to buff3.595
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains tan silt and fragments of brown ironstone8103
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, tan to brown7110
23. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 7, T. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,086.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill2.52.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan and brown; contains white caliche 2.55
Clay, silty, brown; contains white caliche27
Clay, silty, tan and brown; contains white caliche6673
Gravel, fine to medium, tan and gray; contains fine to medium tan sand10 83
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine, tan588
24. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 10, 77. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,092.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill44
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan and gray37
Clay, silty, brown310
Clay, silty, tan and buff; contains fragments of caliche,1929
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and yellow736
25. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. Sec. 12, T 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,096.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill55
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, grayish tan and brown38
Clay, silty, brown311
Clay, silty, buff; contains fragments of white caliche4051
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and buff; contains white and tan caliche and fragments of tan limestone 152
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to medium, tan to brown456
26. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 17, T. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,075.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and dark gray silty soil77
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Silt, dark gray to brown29
Clay, silty, dark gray and tan312
Clay, silty, tan719
Gravel, fine to coarse, brown and tan; contains white caliche and tan silt120
Clay, silty, contains fine to coarse sand; brown 6.526.5
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt and fine sand; tan0.527
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains white caliche3360
Gravel, fine to medium, tan and gray; contains tan silt and white and tan caliche565
Clay, silty, tan; contains white caliche1277
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and gray; contains tan silt and white and tan caliche37.5114.5
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and yellow, mottled red5.5120
27. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 29, T. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,063.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, containing fine sand; brown3.53.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, gray and brown; contains white caliche11.515
Clay, silty, gray and tan; contains fragments of white shells and fine tan sand1126
Clay, silty, tan with orange stains935
Sand, fine to medium, tan540
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains coarse sand; tan646
Clay, silty, buff to tan2470
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand and fine gravel; buff to tan10 80
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fine to coarse sand and fragments of ironstone; buff to tan10 90
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt, fine to coarse sand, and caliche; buff and gray11 101
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, yellow; contains fine tan sand and brown fine-grained sandstone 4 105
Clay, silty, bluish gray with faint red mottle5110
28. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 82, T. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,059.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, dark gray33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, dark gray; contains coarse brown sand and white caliche2528
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains white caliche230
Sand, fine to coarse, tan and gray; contains fine to coarse, tannish-gray gravel; and fragments of white shells1646
Silt, buff to tan753
Sand, fine to coarse, tan962
Silt, buff365
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fine to coarse sand; tan and gray368
Silt, tan; contains fine to medium buff gravel1280
Clay, silty, tan with yellow limonitic stains1090
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fine to coarse sand and silt15105
Silt, tan to buff; contains tan caliche having yellow stains, and fine to coarse sand and gravel5110
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains caliche; tan2112
Cretaceous--Gulfian and Comanchean  
Dakota formation (Gulfian)  
Sandstone, fine to medium, tan and brown3115
Clay, gray, mottled red13128
Sandstone, fine to medium, yellow and tan9137
Sandstone, fine to coarse; contains fine gravel; tan with yellow limonitic stains13150
Sandstone, fine to coarse, tan with yellow stains9159
Clay, silty, light gray; contains coarse sand11170
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)  
Clay, silty, bluish gray; contains light-gray to white sandstone38208
Clay, silty, light gray; contains fragments of brown carbonaceous material7215
Clay, silty, gray; contains fragments of gray sandstone and white lime23.5238.5
Pyrite and gray silty clay1239.5
Shale, gray; contains fragments of white shells and fragments of brown and black carbonaceous material66.5306
Limestone, hard, white0.5306.5
Shale, gray; contains fragments of white shells77.5384
Cheyenne sandstone (Comanchean)  
Shale, light to medium gray; contains very fine to fine sand19403
Permian  
Redbeds (Undifferentiated)  
Shale, brown; contains fine sandstone. Encountered artesian water15418
29. Sample lag of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 36, T. 21 S., R. 18 W. Surface altitude, 2,040.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill3 3
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Silt, gray and tan1518
Silt, light gray422
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; tan527
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains very fine to fine sand633
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fragments of white shells1346
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand248
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains fine sand856
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains silt and fine to medium sand157
Silt, tan; contains fine to coarse gravel, fine to medium sand, and white caliche663
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains silt, fine to medium sand, and caliche265
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan mottled yellow570
Clay, silty, light gray to dark gray878
30. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 17, T. 21 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,085.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill11
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, brown45
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand; tan and brown510
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; tan1020
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; light brown727
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; tan to light brown330
Clay, silty, light brown232
Clay, silty; contains medium sand and small fragments of ironstone; brown to tan436
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty; contains fine sandstone; yellow and light gray440
31. Sample log of test hole 81 at the SE cor. sec. 18, T. 21 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,095.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, buff3437
Gravel, fine to coarse, buff; contains silt, sand, and white caliche340
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and yellow; contains sand242
32. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 28, T. 21 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,079.5 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Silt,tan35
Clay, silty, gray16
Clay, silty, brown713
Clay, silty, tan to gray417
Clay, silty, brown and gray1027
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium sand; tan and light gray532
Clay, silty; contains very fine sand; tan and light gray436
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt; tan1450
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains tan silt, and white caliche1565
Clay, silty, gray; contains fine to medium tan gravel974
Gravel, fine to medium, tan and gray; contains tan caliche680
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan and gray; contains tan silt and lime-cemented zones1090
Sand, medium to coarse; contains fine gravel and silt; tan10100
Gravel, fine to medium; contains coarse sand and tan and gray silt16116
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse sand and silt; tan to gray13129
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to coarse, brown6135
33. Sample lop of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 32, 77. 21 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,077.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, sandy, dark33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Silt and sand, very fine to fine, gray to tan710
Silt and fine sand, tan1020
Silt and sand, very fine, tan; contains brown to yellow limonitic stains1232
Silt and sand, very fine; contains brown to yellow limonitic stains, limy concentrations and a few medium-grained fragments of quartz; tan to gray436
Gravel, fine to medium; contains a few limy zones; tan440
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains caliche, fossil bone, and fragments of shells; tan1050
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains tan caliche1060
Gravel, fine to medium; contains tan caliche1070
Gravel, fine to medium; contains caliche and fragments of fossil bone; tan878
Clay, silty, gray and tan785
Clay, silty; contains fine-grained gravel and caliche; gray to tan792
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains caliche and minor amounts of fine tan sand; gray to tan8100
Silt and sand; fine to coarse; contains fine to medium gravel; brown10110
Clay, silty; contains medium gravel; tan10120
Gravel; fine to coarse; contains numerous fragments of ironstone; tan6126
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, tan to brown4130
34. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 82, T. 21 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2,079.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, dark gray33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, brown to gray; contains fragments of gastropods69
Clay, silty, brown413
Clay, silty, tan518
Clay, silty, buff220
Clay, silty; contains medium gravel; tan1030
Sand, medium, and silt; contains caliche; tan1040
Sand, medium to coarse, tan848
Clay, silty; contains fine-grained sand; tan250
Silt and sand, medium to coarse; tan1060
Sand, medium to coarse; contains gravel; tan767
Clay, silty, tan to yellowish tan774
Clay, silty; contains medium-grained sand; buff680
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fragments of ironstone,1090
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan12102
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, bluish gray; contains yellow limonitic stains,8110
35. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 9, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,182.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, brown22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan to buff810
Clay, silty, tan1020
Clay, silty; contains a few lime concretions; tan1030
Clay, silty; contains a few small fragments of ironstone; tan838
Gravel, fine to medium; contains silt; tan947
Silt, buff1764
Silt; contains a few lime-cemented zones; yellow to light tan569
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt; tan2190
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt and caliche; tan10100
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, mottled red and tan; contains limonitic concretions3103
36. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 9, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,111.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan810
Clay, silty; contains hard white particles (bentonite?); tan1020
Clay, silty, tan3050
Clay, silty; contains caliche; tan to gray1060
Clay, silty, dark gray and tan giving unit a mottled appearance565
Clay, silty, dark gray and tan772
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan to gray; contains tan silt880
Gravel, fine to medium; contains tan silt and caliche,686
Clay, silty; contains fine to coarse gravel; buff995
Clay, silty; contains fine to medium gravel; buff5100
Gravel, fine to medium; contains silt; buff8108
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, medium, white7115
37. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 15, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,097.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, silty, brown33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, brown1316
Clay, silty, tan420
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; tan828
Clay, silty; contains fine sand and fragments of fossil shells; tan432
Sand, medium to coarse; contains silt and fine gravel1244
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt, sand, and caliche; tan650
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains coarse sand, silt, and caliche; tan1363
Clay, silty; contains fine gravel; tan to gray467
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; light tan471
Clay, silty; contains caliche; light tan374
Gravel, fine to medium; contains silt; tan680
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains caliche and silt; tan1090
Clay, silty; contains lime-cemented zones; light tan12102
Clay, silty, tan to yellowish tan5107
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains silt; tan to gray12.5119.5
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, mottled tan and rose5.5125
38. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 17, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,108.7 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, tan and brown2326
Clay, silty, tan and brown; contains fine to coarse sand,430
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains tan silt and fragments of white shells1747
Clay, silty, tan and buff1057
Clay, silty, bluish gray1269
Gravel, fine to medium, tan; contains tan caliche1079
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine, tan and white1493
39. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 18, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,121.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, dark gray77
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, light gray29
Clay, silty, light tan; contains fine to medium sand and white nodular caliche615
Clay, silty, buff1833
Clay, silty, tan to buff; contains fine to coarse sand and white caliche1548
Clay, silty, dark gray250
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine to medium sand858
Gravel, fine to medium; contains fine to coarse sand, silt, and tan ca]iche866
Clay, silty, dark gray; contains fine to medium sand and fragments of snail shells470
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse sand and tan caliche373
Clay, silty, light gray; contains fine sand881
Clay, silty, tan with yellow stains; contains fine to coarse sand384
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse sand and tan caliche993
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains tan and gray silt and white caliche295
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains fine to coarse sand and silt7102
Sand, fine to coarse; contains tan silt10112
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains medium to coarse sand, and tan and white caliche26138
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, gray, mottled red2140
40. Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 18, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,113.1 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Silt, dark tan2020
Clay, silty, tan and buff1030
Clay, silty, grayish tan with small red concretions1040
Clay, silty, light gray to dark gray848
Silt, dark tan and gray; contains fine to medium sand and fragments of white shells351
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse sand and fragments of white shells960
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse gravel and white to tan caliche1070
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains medium to coarse sand and tan and white caliche2797
Clay, silty, tan; contains fine to coarse sand and white and tan caliche14111
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to medium sand and white and tan caliche5116
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, light gray to tan, mottled red4120
41. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 23, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,094.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, tan gray2123
Clay, silty; contains fine sand; tan and light yellowish tan326
Silt, tan; contains fine to coarse sand430
Gravel, fine to medium; contains medium to coarse sand and tan silt3161
Clay, silty, buff; contains white caliche2283
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan, mottled red386
42. Sample log of test hole in the NE cor. sec. 24, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,094.9 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, buff; contains caliche710
Clay, silty, tan and yellow; contains fine sand1929
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, tan and yellow231
43. Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 24, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,093.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, dark gray1.51.5
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silt.y, tan to gray23.525
Clay, silty, buff; contains fragments of shells732
Sand, fine to coarse, tan; contains fragments of caliche and tan silt840
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan; contains fine to coarse sand, silt, and tan and white caliche2565
Clay, silty, tan and gray; contains nodular caliche1176
Sand, fine to coarse, yellowish tan; contains fine to coarse gravel, and tan silt278
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty, yellow; contains fragments of brown ironstone and fine sand280
44. Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 28, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,096.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill33
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Clay, silty, tan and gray710
Clay, silty, brawn and gray1525
Sand, medium to coarse; contains a few lime-cemented zones; tan530
Sand, coarse; contains fine gravel; tan1040
Gravel, fine to coarse; contains coarse sand; tan to gray,545
Clay, silty, contains coarse sand and fine gravel; tan,247
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan to gray1360
Sand, coarse; contains fine to medium gravel; tan1070
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan1080
Gravel, fine to coarse, tan to gray1393
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, silty; contains sandstone and purple and tan fragments of ironstone7100
45. Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 27, T. 21 S., R. 20 W. Surface altitude, 2,123.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
Quaternary--Pleistocene  
Terrace deposits  
Clay, silty, tan to brown35
Clay, silty, brown27
Clay, silty, tan to brown1219
Clay, silty, tan1130
Clay, silty, buff; contains a few lime-cemented zones1141
Clay, silty; contains coarse sand; tan344
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Sandstone, fine to medium, tan to brown448
134. Driller's log of well 50 of the City of Larned in the NE1/4 NE1/4 sec. 29, T. 21 S., R. 10 W. Surface altitude, 2,000 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, black33
Gumbo710
Clay, yellow616
Clay, light1228
Clay, soft, light1442
Clay, light yellow1254
Clay, soft1670
Clay, hard, tough474
Clay, soft1185
Clay, tough, and rocks489
Clay, red291
Sand and clay, blue293
Clay, green396
Clay, blue298
Clay, blue, and rocks2100
Sandstone, light10110
Clay. yellow2112
Rocks, green and red, and clay2114
Rainbow clay (probably varicolored clay)4118
Shale, blue5123
135. Driller's log of well 51 of the City of Larned in the NW1/4 NE1/4 sec. 29, T. 21 S., R. 10 W. Surface altitude, 2,000 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, black44
Clay. sand, and caliche1620
Clay, yellow1030
Clay and sand535
Clay, yellow4075
Clay, soft, and sand58O
Clay, yellow1494
Clay, soft, and sand498
Clay, sand, and rock3101
Clay, soft, and sand4105
Sandstone, coarse, dark2107
Sandstone, light20127
Shale, black1128
Sandstone, coarse2130
Sandstone, light6136
Shale, blue4140
136. Driller's log of well 52 of the City of Larned in the NW1/4 NE1/4 sec. 29, T. 21 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,005 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, black33
Caliche and blue clay58
Clay, light, and sand715
Clay, yellow1025
Clay, yellow, and sand732
Clay, soft, yellow840
Clay, yellow1050
Clay, light858
Clay, soft, yellow, and caliche1068
Clay, yellow573
Clay, brown982
Clay, yellow890
Rainbow clay (probably varicolored clay)292
Rock, red193
Rainbow clay (probably varicolored clay)295
Clay, light, and coarse sand499
Sandstone18117
Rainbow clay (probably varicolored clay)11128
Shale, black4132
137. Driller's log of well 58 of the City of Larned in the NE1/4 SE1/4 sec. 82, T. 21 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 2,004.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil44
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Sand48
Sand, coarse715
Sand and gravel (static water level 15 feet)1328
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, blue (Dakota water level, 40 feet)1947
Clay, yellow653
Clay, blue356
Clay, yellow460
Clay, blue666
Clay, yellow, and brown rock470
Clay, yellow, and white rock474
Sandstone, rusty478
Clay, bright yellow381
Rainbow clay (probably varicolored clay)283
Clay, light gray, and rocks689
Shale, blue12101
Clay, yellow8109
Shale, blue7116
Clay, light6122
Sandstone1.5123.5
Clay, yellow4.5128
Shale, blue3131
Sandstone10141
Shale, blue24165
138. Driller's log of well 54 of the City of Larned in the SE1/4 SE1/4 sec. 32, T. 21 S., R. 16 W. Surface altitude, 1,999.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, black22
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Gumbo35
Clay and sand38
Sand (static water level, 13 feet)1523
Gravel4.527.5
Clay, yellow (Dakota water level 30 feet)8.536
Clay, yellow, and brown rocks137
Sand and gravel340
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation  
Clay, yellow, and brown rocks343
Clay, yellow447
Clay, gray249
Clay, yellow655
Clay, gray257
Clay, yellow2279
Rainbow clay (probably varicolored clay)281
Shale, blue1091
Sandstone37128
Sand, coarse, and brown rocks2130
Sandstone8138
Shale, blue5143
139. Driller's log of well 55 in the NE1/4 NW1/4 sec. 33, T. 21 S., R. 16 W. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Earth1010
Sand616
Gravel, coarse925
Sand1035
Sand, fine944
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation (?)  
Rock, hard246
Clay, yellow1056
140. Driller's log of well 74 in the SW1/4 SW1/4 sec. 20, T. 21 S., R. 19 W. Surface altitude, 2086.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Soil and clay3030
Sand, dry131
Sand, fine and coarse3364
Sand and clay468
Clay1179
Gravel, coarse1493
Cretaceous--Gulfian  
Dakota formation (?)  
Clay, sandy396
141. Driller's log of well 77 in the SW cor. sec. 27, T. 21 S., R. 19 W. Drilled by Otis Shuck, 1,944. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Quaternary--Pleistocene and Recent  
Alluvium  
Earth1515
Clay, yellow1328
Sand, fine735
Sand, coarse540
Sand, coarse, white545
Sand and gravel1964
Clay165
Sand, brown166
Sand white268
Clay, blue1280
Sand, fine686
Clay, white490
Sand, fine15105
Sand, coarse1106
Sand4110
Sand and gravel, coarse5115
Clay, yellow1116
Gravel, coarse9125

T. 20 S. || T. 21 S. || T. 22 S. || T. 23 S. || T. 24 S. || T. 25 S. || T. 26 and 27 S.

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Kansas Geological Survey, Pawnee and Edwards Geology and Groundwater
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version June 2004. Original publication date March 1949.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Pawnee/09_logs2.html