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Geology

  Barton and Stafford County Geohydrology

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Table of Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Physiography

Geology

Geologic History

Ground Water

Records of Typical Wells

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

Logs of Test Holes and Wells, Page 2 of 8

18-11-15cc--Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 15, T. 18 S., R. 11 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,784.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene
Sanborn formation
Silt, and clay, light-gray2.52.5
    Silt, and clay; sandy, tan to brown, gray-white, and light blue-gray; contains nodules of caliche77.580
    Silt, buff to light gray-brown1090
    Silt, tan, yellow-brown, and light-gray to blue-gray; and fine to medium sand30120
    Gravel, fine to medium, and sand; derived from Cretaceous rocks; contains some coarse gravel and buff silt20.5140.5
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Clay, light blue-gray; contains siderite pellets3.5144

18-11-19aa--Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 19, T. 18 S., R. 11 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,820.6 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
QUATERNARY
Dune sand (Pleistocene and Recent)
Sand, fine to medium, silty3131
Sanborn formation (Pleistocene)
    Silt, buff and light-gray; contains nodules of caliche4778
    Silt and clay, tan and white; contains few pebbles of sandstone381
CRETACEOUS
Dakota formation (Gulfian)
    Clay, varicolored; contains small limonite nodules from 96 to 106 feet56137
    Clay, mottled light-gray and red; contains fine sand and sandstone pellets4141
    Clay, varicolored32173
    Clay, white; contains fine to medium sand and pyrite7180
    Clay, gray6186
    Clay, bright-green, and medium sand5191
    Clay, gray, and gray fissile shale; contains pyrite and thin beds of hard claystone19210
    Sandstone, fine-grained, white, and gray-white clay; contains pyrite16226
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)
    Shale, gray9235
    Sandstone, fine-grained, partly calcareous, light-gray to white3238
    Clay, light-gray, interbedded with white fine-grained sandstone; contains some carbonaceous material12250
    Shale, gray and blue-gray16266
    Sandstone, fine-grained, very hard, calcareous, white to light-gray; contains pyrite3.5269.5
    Shale, light-gray to blue-gray; contains thin beds of light-gray fine-grained sandstone33.5303
    Siltstone, very hard, partly calcareous, sandy; contains pyrite6309

18-11-19bb--Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 19, T. 18 S., R. 11 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,799.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene and Recent
Alluvium
Sand, fine to medium, silty, gray to buff44
    Silt and clay; brown to buff and gray-green; contains some sand and nodules of caliche59
    Sand, fine to medium312
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Clay, light-gray and yellow618
    Sandstone, fine-grained, and light-gray, red, and yellow sandy clay725
    Clay, light- to dark-gray and mottled gray and red7398
    Sandstone, fine-grained, hard, calcareous, light-gray to buff199
    Clay, light blue-gray, mottled red and yellow45144
    Clay, gray-white, interbedded with white fine-grained sandstone3147
    Shale, dark blue-gray and green; contains some sandstone and pyrite9156
    Shale, gray7163
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, white; interbedded with gray shale7170
    Clay, pyritic, sandy, blue-gray6176
    Clay, gray-white to light blue-gray; contains some sandstone, carbonaceous material, and pyrite20196

18-11-20dd--Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 20, T. 18 S., R. 11 W., Barton County; drilled, 1946. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
    Road fill22
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene
Sanborn formation
Silt, gray and gray-brown79
    Sand, very fine to fine, buff312
    Silt and sand, buff to brown1123
    Silt, sandy, tan to brown and gray to white1235
    Sand, very fine to fine, and silt1146
    Silt, sandy, gray, white, and brown1662
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Clay, varicolored12.574.5

18-11-24bb--Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 24, T. 18 S., R. 11 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,771.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
    Road fill and soil; dark-gray22
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene
Sanborn formation
Silt, tan to brown and gray810
    Silt, sandy, buff; contains caliche6474
    Silt and clay; sandy, light-gray and buff36110
    Gravel, fine to medium, and sand; derived from Cretaceous rocks; contains some buff silt3113
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Clay, light-gray and yellow, and some "ironstone"3116

18-11-31cc--Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 31, T. 18 S., R. 11 W., Barton County; drilled, 1946. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
    Road fill11
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene
Sanborn formation
Silt, sandy, gray and brown78
    Sand, very fine to medium311
    Silt, sandy, buff1627
    Silt and very fine to fine sand; partly iron-stained, buff,835
    Silt, sandy, tan to brown and gray to white4580
    Silt, light-brown; contains gravel composed of sandstone, "ironstone," caliche, and clay pebbles484
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Sandstone, red, tan, and brown, and a small amount of white clay18102

18-11-36aa--Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 36, T. 18 S., R. 11 W., Barton County; drilled, August 1946. Surface altitude, 1,749.5 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene
Sanborn formation
Sand, very fine to fine, and silt; dark-gray33
    Sand, very fine to fine, and silt; light gray-buff; contains some concretionary calcium carbonate47
    Silt, light-gray; contains much very fine to fine sand2936
    Gravel, fine to coarse, and sand743
    Sand, very fine to medium, and silt; gray548
    Silt, calcareous, buff, and very fine sand; contains some concretionary calcium carbonate3078
Meade formation
    Silt, light-gray, and very fine sand; contains a few "ironstone" pebbles785
    Gravel, fine to medium, and sand994
    Sand, fine, and silt; light-buff6100
    Gravel, medium to fine, and sand5105
CRETACEOUS--Comanchean
Kiowa shale
    Sandstone, fine, white13118

18-12-4bb--Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 4, T. 18 S., R. 12 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,805.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and soil22
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene and Recent
Alluvium
    Silt and clay; gray, gray-brown, and gray-green1113
    Silt, light-brown, and fine to medium sand518
    Silt, light-brown, gray, and blue1129
    Silt, light-brown and blue, and very fine to medium sand736
CRETACEOUS
Dakota formation (Gulfian)
    Clay, light blue-gray and mottled red and yellow; contains limonite pellets from 48 to 50 feet and from 60 to 70 feet4076
    Clay, gray; contains streaks of carbonaceous material, pyrite, and thin beds of sandstone1288
    Clay, gray and green-gray, lignitic in lower part13101
    Sandstone, fine-grained, silty, gray-white2103
    Clay, gray; contains fine sand and thin beds of hard siltstone7110
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, light gray-brown to white, interbedded with gray carbonaceous clay8118
    Clay, light blue-gray and mottled red and yellow green; contains small iron pellets from 120 to 126 feet52170
    Clay, white3173
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)
    Shale, sandy, dark-gray; contains pyrite7180
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, light-gray and gray clay5185
    Clay, pyritic, sandy, gray, and light gray-brown sandstone13198
    Sandstone, fine-grained, very hard, gray1199
    Clay, sandy, gray and blue-gray; contains pyrite and thin beds of sandstone31230
    Shale, gray; contains pyrite26256

18-12-16bb--Sample log of test hole at the NW cor. sec. 16, T. 18 S., R. 12 W., Barton County; drilled, 1946. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene and Recent
Alluvium
Silt, clayey, light to dark-gray and black1010
    Silt, sandy, yellow-brown313
    Silt, brown2.515.5
    Clay and silt: light-gray to light-blue217.5
    Silt, sandy, brown2.520
    Silt, clayey, light-gray, light-blue, and buff1030
    Silt and clay; sandy, light to dark-gray,, brown and buff2858
    Silt and sand; tan to brown563
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Shale, white to gray, red, and yellow770

18-12-21cc--Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 21, T. 18 S., R. 12 W., Barton County; drilled, 1946. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene and Recent
Alluvium
Silt, clayey, light-gray to black; contains shell fragments1212
    Silt, sandy, brown517
    Silt, clayey, light-gray, buff, and brown320
    Silt, brown1030
    Clay, blue-gray2050
    Clay and silt; blue-gray and buff1060
    Silt, sandy, buff to brown1070
    Silt, sandy, gray and blue-gray; contains fragments of sandstone, "ironstone," and shells31101
    Gravel, fine, sand, and silt; poorly sorted; derived mainly from Dakota formation11112
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Shale, blue-gray; contains pyrite8120

18-13-4aaa--Sample log of test hole in the NE 1/4 NE 1/4 NE 1/4 sec. 4, T. 18 S., R. 13 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,854.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Silt, yellow-gray and light tan; contains caliche nodules and sandstone fragments77
CRETACEOUS
Dakota formation (Gulfian)
    Sandstone, fine-grained, yellow, brown, and white, inter-bedded with blue-gray clay; contains some "iron stone"2128
    Clay, light blue-gray; contains very small pellets of hard sandstone1139
    Clay, light blue-gray, red, and yellow; contains hematite3473
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, yellow-brown1487
    Clay, blue-gray, red, and yellow; contains white fine-grained sandstone from 94 to 95 feet and "ironstone" from 153 to 158 feet93180
    Clay, light blue-gray; contains thin beds of coal from 185 to 186 feet and pyrite from 186 to 190 feet10190
    Clay, light-gray; contains pyrite6196
    Sandstone, very fine- to medium-grained, hard, gray1197
    Clay, light-gray to blue-gray, and pyrite15212
    Clay, gray-white; contains fine sand, thin beds of sandstone, and many small sandstone pellets8220
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)
    Clay, gray6226
    Sandstone, fine-grained, hard, gray and gray-white5231
    Clay, light- to dark-gray; contains much sand and a few thin beds of sandstone19250
    Shale, gray23273
    Limestone, pyritic, very hard, sandy, gray-white1274

18-13-6dd--Sample log of test hole at the SE cor. sec. 6, T. 18 S., R. 13 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,821.4 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene and Recent
Alluvium
    Silt, gray and buff2830
    Silt, light-gray to blue-gray, and fine to coarse sand2050
    Sand, fine to coarse, and silt; contains some fine to medium gravel2070
    Gravel, fine to medium, and sand; coarse material is Cretaceous derived777
    Silt, sandy, gray-green and white582
    Gravel, fine to coarse, and sand688
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Clay, light-gray and red290

18-13-9aa--Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 9, T. 18 S., R. 13 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,805.2 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene and Recent
Alluvium
    Silt and clay; light-gray to greenish-gray and light-blue; contains caliche nodules1618
    Sand, very fine to fine, and silt; brown220
    Silt and clay; blue-gray1030
    Silt and clay; sandy, blue-gray and brown737
CRETACEOUS
Dakota formation (Gulfian)
    Clay, red, yellow-brown, and light- to dark-gray; contains some fine to medium sand3774
    Sandstone, silty, white to gray; contains some blue-gray shale and carbonaceous material2498
    Lignite, brown to black199
    Sandstone, medium-grained, white; contains pyrite and some light-gray carbonaceous clay25124
    Shale, light-gray, and fine- to very coarse-grained sandstone3127
    Shale, partly carbonaceous, gray; contains sandstone pellets from 135 to 137 feet and thin beds of coal from 145 to 148 feet21148
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)
    Shale, sandy, light-gray to dark blue-gray18166
    Sandstone, fine-grained, very hard, silty, white3169
    Shale, light- to dark-gray, interbedded with some light-gray very fine-grained sandstone76245
    Sandstone, very hard, calcareous, white; contains pyrite,0.5245.5

18-13-21aa--Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 21, T. 18 S., R. 18 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,806.3 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill and soil33
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene and Recent
Alluvium
    Silt and clay; gray-buff, light-gray to greenish-gray, light-brown, and yellow-brown4548
CRETACEOUS
Dakota formation (Gulfian)
    Clay, sandy, carbonaceous, dark-gray and mottled yellow-brown1058
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, white; contains thin beds of gray clay, lignite, and pyrite563
    Clay, gray770
    Sandstone, medium-grained, white, interbedded with gray shale; contains carbonaceous material and pyrite878
    Clay, light-gray; contains pellets of hard iron-cemented sandstone482
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, white, interbedded with light-gray clay890
    Clay, light-gray, red, and yellow; contains limonite and thin beds of sandstone39129
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)
    Clay, sandy, pyritic, blue-gray16145
    Shale, hard, greenish-gray; contains pyrite and light-gray fine-grained hard lignitic sandstone15160
    Shale, light-gray3163
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, hard, pyritic, light-gray4167
    Shale, light- to dark-gray; contains thin beds of hard fine-grained sandstone and pyrite22189
    Sandstone, medium-grained, light-gray, and white shale; contains hard pyritic zone at 195.5 feet8197
    Shale, blue-gray24221
    Siltstone and sandstone, fine-grained; calcareous, light-gray; contains pyrite3224
    Shale, dark-gray, and gray sandstone16.5240.5
    Limestone, pyritic, sandy, white0.5241
    Shale, sandy, gray10251
    Sandstone, very fine- to medium-grained, white, and light-gray shale10261
    Sandstone, very fine-grained, pyritic, very hard4265

18-13-27cc--Sample log of test hole at the SW cor. sec. 27, T. 18 S., R. 13 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,817.0 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Soil, gray-brown22
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene and Recent
Alluvium
    Silt, sandy, brown46
    Silt and clay; light-brown; contains caliche nodules612
    Silt and clay; sandy, light-brown to gray517
    Silt and clay; buff, gray, brown, and gray-green1330
CRETACEOUS
Dakota formation (Gulfian)
    Clay, light- to dark-gray and red2050
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, white to gray; contains some clay, carbonaceous material, and pyrite1363
    Shale, carbonaceous, dark-gray1578
    Sandstone, medium- to coarse-grained, yellow-gray, interbedded with gray shale280
    Shale, very hard, gray-brown282
    Clay, light-gray to gray-white; contains some sand and hard sandstone pellets1193
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, white295
    Clay, sandy, light-gray, red, yellow, and white; contains many sandstone pellets from 100 to 110 feet33128
Kiowa shale (Comanchean)
    Shale and clay; dark-gray and greenish-gray14142
    Shale, dark-gray11153
    Sandstone, fine- to medium-grained, white to gray2155
    Shale, sandy, gray11166
    Sandstone, fine-grained, light-gray2168
    Sandstone, quartzitic, very hard, gray-white0.5168.5

18-13-31aa--Sample log of test hole at the NE cor. sec. 31, T. 18 S., R. 13 W., Barton County; drilled, 1945. Surface altitude, 1,913.8 feet. Thickness,
feet
Depth,
feet
Road fill22
QUATERNARY--Pleistocene
Sanborn formation
    Silt, gray and gray-brown1517
    Silt, buff and gray-buff; contains caliche nodules; many hard caliche-cemented beds from 73 to 90 feet7390
    Silt, sandy, buff33123
    Gravel, fine to medium, and sand; derived from the Dakota formation6129
    Silt, buff, and weathered sandstone and "ironstone" fragments2131
CRETACEOUS--Gulfian
Dakota formation
    Sandstone, medium-grained, brown, and light blue-gray and yellow clay9140

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Barton and Stafford County Geohydrology
Comments to webadmin@kgs.ku.edu
Web version Dec. 2001. Original publication date Dec. 1950.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Barton/09_logs2.html