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  Barton and Stafford County Geohydrology

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Abstract

Introduction

Geography

Physiography

Geology

Geologic History

Ground Water

Records of Typical Wells

Logs of Test Holes

References

Plates

 

Ground Water, continued

Chemical Character of Surface Water in Big Marsh Vicinity

The chloride analyses of five samples of water collected from Rattlesnake Creek on October 2, 1942, indicate that highly mineralized waters enter this stream in the lower part of its course in Stafford County. The results of the analyses are given in Table 11. According to these analyses, the chloride content increases downstream and reaches the greatest concentration below Big Marsh at the Stafford-Rice County line. A sample of water collected from Little Marsh on the same day had 1,440 parts per million of chloride. Two samples were collected from Big Marsh on October 10, 1942, one sample being collected at the south side of sec. 6, T. 22 S., R. 11 W., from the small stream entering Big Marsh from the southwest and had 1,690 parts per million of chloride. The other sample, which was taken from the drainage ditch at the north side of sec. 27, T. 21 S., R. 11 W., contained 4,060 parts of chloride. A sample of water from Big Marsh collected from the same spot on July 10, 1944, contained 10,870 parts per million of dissolved solids, 5,900 parts of chloride, 1.3 parts of iron, and had a hardness of 439 parts. The above analytical results reported for creek waters represent conditions at the time of sampling only and are not necessarily average conditions that would be obtained if the sampling period extended over a long period of time.

Table 11--Concentration of chloride in five samples of water collected October 2, 1942, from Rattlesnake Creek in Stafford County, Kansas.

Sampling Point Chloride
(parts per
million)
NE 1/4 sec. 13, T. 24 S., R. 14 W., about 3 miles above St. John 14
West side sec. 1, T. 23 S., R. 13 W., about 3 miles above Hudson 400
West side sec. 1, T. 23 S., R. 12 W., about 6 miles above Little Marsh 1220
West side sec. 26, T. 22 S., R. 11 W., opposite Little Marsh 1355
Stafford-Rice County line 1810

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  Kansas Geological Survey, Barton and Stafford County Geohydrology
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Web version Dec. 2001. Original publication date Dec. 1950.
URL=http://www.kgs.ku.edu/General/Geology/Barton/07_gw6.html